744 research outputs found

    Longitudinal and Quadrupolar Coupling Impedance of an Elliptical Vacuum Chamber With Finite Conductivity in Terms of Mathieu Functions

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    The resistive wall impedance of an elliptical vacuum chamber in the classical regime with infinite thickness is known analytically for ultra-relativistic beams by means of the Yokoya form factors. Starting from the longitudinal electric field of a point charge moving at arbitrary speed in an elliptical vacuum chamber, which we express in terms of Mathieu functions, in this paper we take into account the finite conductivity of the beam pipe walls and evaluate the longitudinal and quadrupolar impedance for any beam velocity. We also obtain that the quadrupolar impedance of a circular pipe is different from zero, approaching zero only for ultra-relativistic particles. Even if some of the results, in particular in the ultrarelativistic limit, are already known and expressed in terms of form factors, this approach is the first step towards the calculation of the general problem of a multi-layer vacuum chamber with different conductivities and of elliptic cross section

    On the calibration measurement of stripline beam position monitor for the ELI-NP facility

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    Stripline Beam Position Monitor (BPM) will be installed in the Compton Gamma Source in construction at the ELI Nuclear Physics facility in Romania. A test bench for the calibration of BPM has been built to characterize the device with stretched wire measurement in order to get the BPM response map. A full S-parameters characterization is performed as well to measure the electrical offset with the “Lambertson method”. This paper discusses the extensive simulations performed with full 3D electromagnetic CAD codes of the above measurements to investigate measurement accuracy, possible measurement artefacts and beam position reconstruction

    Energy chirp measurements by means of an RF deflector: a case study the gamma beam source LINAC at ELI-NP

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    RF Deflector (RFD) based measurements are widely used in high–brightness electron LINAC around the world in order to measure the ultra–short electron bunch length. The RFD provides a vertical kick to the particles of the electron bunch according to their longitudinal positions. In this paper, a measurement technique for the bunch length and other bunch proprieties, based on the usage of an RFD, is proposed. The basic idea is to obtain information about the bunch length, energy chirp, and energy spread from vertical spot size measurements varying the RFD phase, because they add contributions on this quantity. The case study is the Gamma Beam System (GBS), the Compton Source being built in the Extreme Light Infrastructure–Nuclear Physics (ELI–NP) facility. The ELEctron Generation ANd Tracking (ELEGANT) code is used for tracking the particles from RFD to the measurement screen

    A Calibrated Lumped Element Model for the Prediction of PSJ Actuator Efficiency Performance

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    Among the various active flow control techniques, Plasma Synthetic Jet (PSJ) actuators, or Sparkjets, represent a very promising technology, especially because of their high velocities and short response times. A practical tool, employed for design and manufacturing purposes, consists of the definition of a low-order model, lumped element model (LEM), which is able to predict the dynamic response of the actuator in a relatively quick way and with reasonable fidelity and accuracy. After a brief description of an innovative lumped model, this work faces the experimental investigation of a home-designed and manufactured PSJ actuator, for different frequencies and energy discharges. Particular attention has been taken in the power supply system design. A specific home-made Pitot tube has allowed the detection of velocity profiles along the jet radial direction, for various energy discharges, as well as the tuning of the lumped model with experimental data, where the total device efficiency has been assumed as a fitting parameter. The best fitting value not only contains information on the actual device efficiency, but includes some modeling and experimental uncertainties, related also to the used measurement techniqu

    Automated power gating methodology for dataflow-based reconfigurable systems

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    Modern embedded systems designers are required to implement efficient multi-functional applications, over portable platforms under strong energy and resources constraints. Automatic tools may help them in challenging such a complex scenario: to develop complex reconfigurable systems while reducing time-to-market. At the same time, automated methodologies can aid them to manage power consumption. Dataflow models of computation, thanks to their modularity, turned out to be extremely useful to these purposes. In this paper, we will demonstrate as they can be used to automatically achieve power management since the earliest stage of the design flow. In particular, we are focussing on the automation of power gating. The methodology has been evaluated on an image processing use case targeting an ASIC 90 nm CMOS technology

    Longitudinal and Transverse Wakefields Simulations and Studies in Dielectric-Coated Circular Waveguides

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    In recent years, there has been a growing interest and rapid experimental progress on the use of e.m. fields produced by electron beams passing through dielectric-lined structures and on the effects they might have on the drive and witness bunches. Short ultra-relativistic electron bunches can excite very intense wakefields, which provide an efficient acceleration through the dielectric wakefield accelerators (DWA) scheme with higher gradient than that in the conventional RF LINAC. These beams can also generate high power narrow band THz coherent Cherenkov radiation. These high gradient fields may create strong instabilities on the beam itself causing issues in plasma acceleration experiments (PWFA), plasma lensing experiments and in recent beam diagnostic applications. In this work we report the results of the simulations and studies of the wakefields generated by electron beams at different lengths and charges passing on and off axis in dielectric-coated circular waveguides. We also propose a semi-analytical method to calculate these high gradient fields without resorting to time consuming simulations
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