53 research outputs found

    Bulk viscosity of the Lennard-Jones system at the triple point by dynamical Non Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics

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    Non-equilibrium Molecular Dynamics (NEMD) calculations of the bulk viscosity of the triple point Lennard-Jones fluid are performed with the aim of investigating the origin of the observed disagreement between Green-Kubo estimates and previous NEMD data. We show that a careful application of the Doll's perturbation field, the dynamical NEMD method, the instantaneous form of the perturbation and the "subtraction technique" provides a NEMD estimate of the bulk viscosity at zero field in full agreement with the value obtained by the Green-Kubo formula. As previously reported for the shear viscosity, we find that the bulk viscosity exhibits a large linear regime with the field intensity which confirms the Lennard-Jones fluid as a genuine Newtonian fluid even at triple point.Comment: 27 pages, 11 figure

    Elastic properties of hydrogenated graphene

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    There exist three conformers of hydrogenated graphene, referred to as chair-, boat-, or washboard-graphane. These systems have a perfect two-dimensional periodicity mapped onto the graphene scaffold, but they are characterized by a sp3sp^3 orbital hybridization, have different crystal symmetry, and otherwise behave upon loading. By first principles calculations we determine their structural and phonon properties, as well as we establish their relative stability. Through continuum elasticity we define a simulation protocol addressed to measure by a computer experiment their linear and nonlinear elastic moduli and we actually compute them by first principles. We argue that all graphane conformers respond to any arbitrarily-oriented extention with a much smaller lateral contraction than the one calculated for graphene. Furthermore, we provide evidence that boat-graphane has a small and negative Poisson ratio along the armchair and zigzag principal directions of the carbon honeycomb lattice (axially auxetic elastic behavior). Moreover, we show that chair-graphane admits both softening and hardening hyperelasticity, depending on the direction of applied load.Comment: submitted on Phys.Rev.

    Nonlinear elasticity of monolayer graphene

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    By combining continuum elasticity theory and tight-binding atomistic simulations, we work out the constitutive nonlinear stress-strain relation for graphene stretching elasticity and we calculate all the corresponding nonlinear elastic moduli. Present results represent a robust picture on elastic behavior of one-atom thick carbon sheets and provide the proper interpretation of recent experiments. In particular, we discuss the physical meaning of the effective nonlinear elastic modulus there introduced and we predict its value in good agreement with available data. Finally, a hyperelastic softening behavior is observed and discussed, so determining the failure properties of graphene.Comment: 4 page

    A lattice model describing scale effects in nonlinear elasticity of nano-inhomogeneities

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    We present a procedure to map the constitutive laws of elasticity (both in the linear and nonlinear regime) onto a discrete atomic lattice and we apply the resulting elastic lattice model to investigate the strain field within an embedded nano-inhomogeneity. We prove that its elastic behavior at the nanoscale is governed by relevant atomistic effects. In particular, we demonstrate that such effects on the linear and nonlinear elastic properties are described by the same scaling exponent, in a large range of elastic contrast between the matrix and the nano-inhomogeneity. This suggests that the linear and nonlinear elastic behaviors of the composite system belong to the same universality class (at least within the nanometer length scale here investigated).Comment: Accepted on Phys.Rev.B (2010) (in press

    stairs and fire

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