47 research outputs found

### A note on $p$-adic valuations of the Schenker sums

A prime number $p$ is called a Schenker prime if there exists such $n\in\mathbb{N}_+$ that $p\nmid n$ and $p\mid a_n$, where $a_n = \sum_{j=0}^{n}\frac{n!}{j!}n^j$ is so-called Schenker sum. T. Amdeberhan, D. Callan and V. Moll formulated two conjectures concerning $p$-adic valuations of $a_n$ in case when $p$ is a Schenker prime. In particular, they asked whether for each $k\in\mathbb{N}_+$ there exists the unique positive integer $n_k such that $v_p(a_{m\cdot 5^k + n_k})\geq k$ for each nonnegative integer $m$. We prove that for every $k\in\mathbb{N}_+$ the inequality $v_5(a_n)\geq k$ has exactly one solution modulo $5^k$. This confirms the first conjecture stated by the mentioned authors. Moreover, we show that if $37\nmid n$ then $v_{37}(a_n)\leq 1$, what means that the second conjecture stated by the mentioned authors is not true

### On the p-adic denseness of the quotient set of a polynomial image

The quotient set, or ratio set, of a set of integers $A$ is defined as $R(A) := \left\{a/b : a,b \in A,\; b \neq 0\right\}$. We consider the case in which $A$ is the image of $\mathbb{Z}^+$ under a polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[X]$, and we give some conditions under which $R(A)$ is dense in $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Then, we apply these results to determine when $R(S_m^n)$ is dense in $\mathbb{Q}_p$, where $S_m^n$ is the set of numbers of the form $x_1^n + \cdots + x_m^n$, with $x_1, \dots, x_m \geq 0$ integers. This allows us to answer a question posed in [Garcia et al., $p$-adic quotient sets, Acta Arith. 179, 163-184]. We end leaving an open question

### Stirling number and periodic points

We introduce the notion of almost realizability, an arithmetic generalization of realizability for integer sequences, which is the property of counting periodic points for some map. We characterize the intersection between the set of Stirling sequences (of both the first and the second kind) and the set of almost realizable sequences.Comment: 13 page

### On some properties of the number of permutations being products of pairwise disjoint d-cycles

Let dâ‰¥2 be an integer. In this paper we study arithmetic properties of the sequence (Hd(n))nâˆˆN, where Hd(n) is the number of permutations in Sn being products of pairwise disjoint cycles of a fixed length d. In particular we deal with periodicity modulo a given positive integer, behaviour of the p-adic valuations and various divisibility properties. Moreover, we introduce some related families of polynomials and study their properties. Among many results we obtain qualitative description of the p-adic valuation of the number Hd(n) extending in this way earlier results of Ochiai and Ishihara, Ochiai, Takegehara and Yoshida

### On continued fraction partial quotients of square roots of primes

We show that for each positive integer $a$ there exist only finitely many prime numbers $p$ such that $a$ appears an odd number of times in the period of continued fraction of $\sqrt{p}$ or $\sqrt{2p}$. We also prove that if $p$ is a prime number and $D=p$ or $2p$ is such that the length of the period of continued fraction expansion of $\sqrt{D}$ is divisible by $4$, then $1$ appears as a partial quotient in the continued fraction of $\sqrt{D}$. Furthermore, we give an upper bound for the period length of continued fraction expansion of $\sqrt{D}$, where $D$ is a positive non-square, and factorize some family of polynomials with integral coefficients connected with continued fractions of square roots of positive integers. These results answer several questions recently posed by Miska and Ulas.Comment: 14 pages, to appear in JN