20,944 research outputs found

    Extension of Convex Function

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    We study the local and global versions of the convexity, which is closely related to the problem of extending a convex function on a non-convex domain to a convex function on the convex hull of the domain and beyond the convex hull. We also give the parallel results for the convexity defined by positive definite Hessian.Comment: 28 pages, 11 Figures, should be the final definitive versio

    Cylindrical Superlens by a Coordinate Transformation

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    Cylinder-shaped perfect lens deduced from the coordinate transformation method is proposed. The previously reported perfect slab lens is noticed to be a limiting form of the cylindrical lens when the inner radius approaches infinity with respect to the lens thickness. Connaturality between a cylindrical lens and a slab lens is affirmed by comparing their eigenfield transfer functions. We numerically confirm the subwavelength focusing capability of such a cylindrical lens with consideration of material imperfection. Compared to a slab lens, a cylindrical lens has several advantages, including finiteness in cross-section, and ability in lensing with magnification or demagnification. Immediate applications of such a cylindrical lens can be in high-resolution imaging and lithography technologies. In addition, its invisibility property suggests that it may be valuable for non-invasive electromagnetic probing.Comment: Minor changes to conform with the published versio

    Angle Combinations in Spherical Tilings by Congruent Pentagons

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    We develop a systematic method for computing the angle combinations in spherical tilings by angle congruent pentagons, and study whether such combinations can be realized by actual angle or geometrically congruent tilings. We get major families of angle or geometrically congruent tilings related to the platonic solids.Comment: 58 pages, 5 figure

    Sub-barrier Coulomb effects on the interference pattern in tunneling ionization photoelectron spectra

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    We use a quantum trajectory-based semi-classical method to account for Coulomb interaction between the photoelectron and the parent ion in the classically forbidden, sub-barrier region during strong-field tunneling ionization processes. We show that---besides the well-known modification of the tunneling ionization probability---there is also an influence on the interference pattern in the photoelectron spectra. In the long-wavelength limit, the shift of the intra-cycle interference fringes caused by sub-barrier Coulomb effects in the laser polarization direction can be derived analytically. We compare our results with \emph{ab initio} solutions of the time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation and find good agreement in the long-wavelength regime, whereas the standard strong field approximation fails. We show that the nodal structure along low-order above-threshold ionization rings is also affected by sub-barrier Coulomb effects.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, RevTe