23 research outputs found

    Assessing the Organizational Responsibility of Headquarters Under Differing Level of Stress

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    This paper describes the second in a series of full scale computer aided wargames have applied a new approach in quantitative measurement of command and control. This new approach incorporates the use of the Headquarters Effectiveness Tool, which was developed by Defense System Incorporated (DSI) of McLean, Virginia, in measuring the responses of headquarters during full-scale exercises and subsequent simulations here at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS)

    Object-oriented modeling of the communications networks of the MAGTF

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    The Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) is supported by a communications system comprised of heterogenous links and widely shared network resources. In this work, we describe our approach to modeling the MAGTF communications network. This model employs a new concept of workload modeling which we have developed. We provide a mathematical development of our measures of effectiveness and show how our model will be used to seek improvement in MAGTF communications performanceWarfighting Center—Studies and Analysis MCCDC, Quantico, VAhttp://archive.org/details/objectorientedmo00bailM9545091WRR1AK2NAApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited

    Information Superiority for the Lower End of the Spectrum

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    Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HA/DR) operations are the most frequent of current operations. At last year's Command and Control Research Symposium the author presented a paper outlining a six-step program for translating JV2010 capabilities into new concepts for military support to HA/DR operations. This paper covers the completed activities: an HA/DR test involving the USCINCPAC's Political Military Anchor Desk (PMAD), the Workshop on -JA/DR in the Next Century and the Virtual Information Center (VIC) experiment in conjunction with the Center of Excellence in Disaster Management and ' Humanitarian Assistance (COE)

    Warfare in the Information Age

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    Proceedings of the 1996 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium: Command and Control in the Information AgeTechnological change is driving toward organizational flexibility and the elimination of stovepipes in joint operations. It also is pro- ducing new sources of vulnerability. This paper compares Joint Publication 6-0 "C4 Systems to Support Joint Operatives" with the new "Warfighting Vision 2010." Both are promulgated by the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff. Although they need not be identical, the more recent Vision 2010 points out the need to update or re-orient Joint Publication 6-0 even though it is only one year old

    Application of the Modular Command and Control Structure (MCES) to Marine Corps SINCGARS allocation

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    The Modular Command and Control Evaluation Structure (MCES), contains seven steps for the evaluation of C3 systems. In this paper the application of these steps is described in general. Then their potential application to Marine Corps POM C3 issues is discussed in general terms. Finally the more detailed applications to the allocation of Marine Corps tactical voice radios is discussed. An object-oriented model developed at NPS is briefly describedhttp://archive.org/details/applicationofmod00soveN

    Escalation provisions for Navy contracts issues and choices

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    This paper begins with the identification and exposition of the four major issues involved in escalation for Navy contracts. These issues are: why is the change in input prices a particular problem for Navy contracts? Why is escalation a good procedure for dealing with the problem? What are the possible side effects of using escalation procedures? How is the trade-off between administrative cost, accuracy and contractor incentives (moral hazard) reached? For each separate issue as well as for the set of interrelated issues a discussion indicating its general applicability as well as its specific applicability to individual case is given. After the issues discussion the area of implementation of escalation is considered as a series of four questions: What prices should be covered? How should the price changes be measured? When should the measurements be made? How should the price changes be compensated? These questions are given general answers in each case and the set of questions as a whole is also considered. (Author)Chief of Naval Research, Arlington, Virginiahttp://archive.org/details/escalationprovis00sove61153N;RR 014—07-01 NR047-134;N0001475WR50239The Systems Acquisition Research Program May 197

    An Update on Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HA/DR) for the Next Century

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    Proceedings for the 1998 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium Command and Control for the Next Millenium June 29-July1, 1998 Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, California Track 5 Organization and Doctrine DevelopmentHumanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HA/DR) operations are the most frequent of current operations. At last year's symposium one of the authors presented a paper outlining a six-step program for translating JV2010 capabilities into new concepts for military support to HA/DR operations. This paper covers the completed activities: an HA/DR test involving the USCINCPAC's Political Military Anchor Desk (PMAD), the Workshop on HA/DR in the Next Century and the Virtual Information Center (VIC) experiment in conjunction with the Center of Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (COE)

    Experimental gaming for Command, Control and Communications

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    9th MIT/ONR Workshop on C3 systemsA series of annual experiments in Command, Control and Communications have been held at NPS over the last three years. These experiments have been sponsored by the Defense Communications Agency under the auspices of the Joint Directors of Laboratories C3 Basic research program. These experiments have used a computer-aided wargame and a large number of players to provide data for investigation of C3 issues which are of broad interest to the community. This paper describes those experiments, details the data gathering methods of the most recent experiment, and provides an introduction to the results obtained when the Headquarters Evaluation and Assessment Tool (HEAT) methodology developed by Defense Systems Incorporated (DSI) is applied. DSI has supported the experiments and analyzed the data in each year. A comprehensive summary of their work is [1]. The issues addressed to date include connectivity, centralization and command role. The data for each experiment include thousands of observations gathered through a month of experimentation representing several thousand officer subject hours in realistic battle command situations. For each of the experiments in the series a consensus was reached by the three participating organizations, DCA, DSI and NPS as to the specific subject which would be investigated. In general the investigations concerned command and control structures and their performance, how these structures might be modified by design, or how they might change during the course of a series of stressful events. A constraint was that the computer laboratory environment would allow the games to be replicated, and that resultant data from a series of iterations would support statistical analysis. During the series of experiments it was found that the team was able to present realistic problems using the wargaming system, that the subjects (who were officer-students ) made reasonably effective decisions, and that a series of short gaming events produced data which could be analyzed statistically. In addition, the experiments could be controlled to reduce the effects of learning and to explore minor changes in the command and control system architecture which was being simulated. The wargame (hardware and software) used is the Navy' s Interim Battle-Group Tactical Trainer (IBGTT) developed by the Naval Ocean Systems Center and currently in use by the Tactical Training Group, Pacific. Generalization from these results is of course dangerous, but a continuity of results over a considerable scale (one to four carrier groups) and range of scenarios has been shown (Sea of Japan, Persian Gulf and Norwegian Sea.)Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems, Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyONR-N00014-77-C-053

    A proposed educational program for Command, Control and Communications"

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    Presentation at the Workshop on Decision Information for Tactical Command and Control held at the Airlie House in Airlie, Virginia.The primary purpose of this workshop has been to sharpen the research focus on decisions in C3. However, I believe that there is a more fundamental problem which has been identified during the meeting. That problem is that the operators of the C3 system and the designers of the system are not on the same wave length. This open switch makes it difficult for researchers in the information and decision sciences to even get into the loop. I would maintain that this problem is one of education or lack thereof. Professor Bob Kalaba of USC has apparently reached a similar conclusioin. Lieutenant Creech of the Electronics Systems Command identified the problem on Thursday when he said "That we need to tighten up this dialogue between operators and designers, have more interaction, but stay out of the other sides' work"...Air Force Office of Scientific Research; Army Research Office; Office of Naval ResearchApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited

    C³ Concept for Enhanced NWGS

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    This paper presents considerations for the introduction of C³ into the Enhanced Naval Warfare Gaming System as the ENWGS. These considerations underlie the nature of C³ , modeling of C³, alternative concepts of use of C³ gaming and an approach to implementing C³ play into the game. Part II points background including how the researcher views C³. Part III presents modeling concepts including uncertainty, level of detail and modeling of tactical decision-making. It introduces the alternative configurations for use of ENWGS which are discussed in detail in Part IV. Part V presents a concept for introduction of C³ modeling into ENWGS including data base relationships. A brief discussion of C³CM and decision aids completes the section. Finally, Part VI presents the conclusion.Commander Naval Electronic Systems Command, Washington, DC 20350Chief of Naval OperationsN6003983WREE905OP-953Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
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