38 research outputs found

    Dynamical effects of QCD in q2qˉ2q^2 \bar{q}^{2} systems

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    We study the coupling of a tetraquark system to an exchanged meson-meson channel, using a pure gluonic theory based four-quark potential {\em matrix} model which is known to fit well a large number of data points for lattice simulations of different geometries of a four-quark system. We find that if this minimal-area-based potential matrix replaces the earlier used simple Gaussian form for the gluon field overlap factor ff in its off-diagonal terms, the resulting TT-matrix and phase shifts develop an angle dependence whose partial wave analysis reveals DD wave and higher angular momentum components in it. In addition to the obvious implications of this result for the meson-meson scattering, this new feature indicates the possibility of orbital excitations influencing properties of meson-meson molecules through a polarization potential. We have used a formalism of the resonating group method, treated kinetic energy and overlap matrices on model of the potential matrix, but decoupled the resulting complicated integral equations through the Born approximation. In this exploratory study we have used a quadratic confinement and not included the spin-dependence; we also used the approximation of equal constituent quark masses.Comment: 18 pages, 9 figure

    Dynamical implications of gluonic excitations in meson-meson systems

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    We study meson-meson interactions using an extended q2qˉ2(g)q^2\bar{q}^2(g) basis that allows calculating coupling of an ordinary meson-meson system to a hybrid-hybrid one. We use a potential model matrix in this extended basis which at quark level is known to provide a good fit to numerical simulations of a q2qˉ2q^2\bar{q}^2 system in pure gluonic theory for static quarks in a selection of geometries. We use a combination of resonating group method formalism and Born approximation to include the quark motion using wave functions of a qqˉq\bar{q} potential within a cluster. This potential is taken to be quadratic for ground states and has an additional smeared 1r\frac{1}{r} (Gaussian) for the matrix elements between hybrid mesons. For the parameters of this potential, we use values chosen to 1) minimize the error resulting from our use of a quadratic potential and 2) best fit the lattice data for differences of Σg\Sigma_{g} and Πu\Pi_{u} configurations of the gluonic field between a quark and an antiquark. At the quark (static) level, including the gluonic excitations was noted to partially replace the need for introducing many-body terms in a multi-quark potential. We study how successful such a replacement is at the (dynamical) hadronic level of relevance to actual hard experiments. Thus we study effects of both gluonic excitations and many-body terms on mesonic transition amplitudes and the energy shifts resulting from the second order perturbation theory (i.e. from the respective hadron loops). The study suggests introducing both energy and orbital excitations in wave functions of scalar mesons that are modelled as meson-meson molecules or are supposed to have a meson-meson component in their wave functions.Comment: 26 pages, 10 figure

    Effect of the Quark-Gluon Vertex on Dynamical Chiral Symmetry Breaking

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    In this work we investigate how the details of the quark-gluon interaction vertex affect the quantitative description of chiral symmetry breaking and dynamical mass generation through the gap equation. We employ the Maris-Tandy (MT) and Qin-Chang (QC) models for the gluon propagator and the effective strong running coupling. The gap equation is solved by employing several vertex Ansa¨{\rm \ddot{a}}tze which have been constructed in order to implement some of the key aspects of a gauge field theory such as gauge invariance and multiplicative renormalizability. We find that within a small variation of MT and QC model parameters, all truncations point towards the same quantitative pattern of chiral symmetry breaking, the running quark mass function, ensuring the robustness of this approach.Comment: 12 page