2,856 research outputs found

    Issues in Defense Economics

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    Personality traits and qualifications of a special class teacher

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    This study was concerned with the personality traits of a special classroom teacher. The most important person in the classroom in terms of determining what kinds of experiences children will have, is the teacher. Most of what goes on in the classroom or in a school situation outside the classroom is with direct or indirect reference to the teacher. This writer investigated the following questions: (1) What are the personality traits and qualifications of a special classroom teacher? (2) What basic qualities of good teaching are more in demand in a special education classroom than in a regular classroom? (3) Are the personality traits of teachers in special education situations really different or is the difference confined to the way in which the individual teacher utilizes these qualities

    Is There a Democracy‚ÄďCivil Society Paradox in Global Environmental Governance?

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    Civil society is commonly assumed to have a positive effect on international cooperation. This paper sheds light on one important facet of this assumption: we examine the impact of environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs) on ratification behavior of countries vis-√†-vis international environmental agreements (IEAs). The main argument of the paper focuses on a ‚Äúdemocracy-civil society paradox‚ÄĚ: although ENGOs have a positive effect on ratification of IEAs on average, this effect decreases with increasing levels of democracy. This argument is counter-intuitive and appears paradoxical because democracy is generally associated both with a more active civil society and more international cooperation. The reasons for this hypothesized effect pertain to public demand for environmental public goods provision, government incentives, and problems of collective action among ENGOs. To test the net effect of ENGOs on countries' ratification behavior, the paper uses a new dataset on ENGOs in the time-period 1973‚Äď2006. The results offer strong support for the presumed democracy‚Äďcivil society paradox. </jats:p

    Evaluation of small area crop estimation techniques using LANDSAT- and ground-derived data

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    Studies completed in fiscal year 1981 in support of the clustering/classification and preprocessing activities of the Domestic Crops and Land Cover project. The theme throughout the study was the improvement of subanalysis district (usually county level) crop hectarage estimates, as reflected in the following three objectives: (1) to evaluate the current U.S. Department of Agriculture Statistical Reporting Service regression approach to crop area estimation as applied to the problem of obtaining subanalysis district estimates; (2) to develop and test alternative approaches to subanalysis district estimation; and (3) to develop and test preprocessing techniques for use in improving subanalysis district estimates
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