8,523 research outputs found

    Two-loop QCD gauge coupling at high temperatures

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    We determine the 2-loop effective gauge coupling of QCD at high temperatures, defined as a matching coefficient appearing in the dimensionally reduced effective field theory. The result allows to improve on one of the classic non-perturbative probes for the convergence of the weak-coupling expansion at high temperatures, the comparison of full and effective theory determinations of an observable called the spatial string tension. We find surprisingly good agreement almost down to the critical temperature of the deconfinement phase transition. We also determine one new contribution of order O(g^6T^4) to the pressure of hot QCD.Comment: 17 page

    Constraints on the NMSSM from the oblique parameters

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    Electroweak precision measurements, encoded in the oblique parameters, give strong constraints on physics beyond the Standard Model. The oblique parameters S, T, U (V, W, X) are calculated in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric model (NMSSM). We outline the calculation of the oblique parameters in terms of one-loop gauge-boson selfenergies and find sensitive restrictions for the NMSSM parameter space.Comment: 11 pages, 7 figures, 1 tabl

    Four-loop lattice-regularized vacuum energy density of the three-dimensional SU(3) + adjoint Higgs theory

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    The pressure of QCD admits at high temperatures a factorization into purely perturbative contributions from "hard" thermal momenta, and slowly convergent as well as non-perturbative contributions from "soft" thermal momenta. The latter can be related to various effective gluon condensates in a dimensionally reduced effective field theory, and measured there through lattice simulations. Practical measurements of one of the relevant condensates have suffered, however, from difficulties in extrapolating convincingly to the continuum limit. In order to gain insight on this problem, we employ Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory to estimate the problematic condensate up to 4-loop order in lattice perturbation theory. Our results seem to confirm the presence of "large" discretization effects, going like aln‚Ā°(1/a)a\ln(1/a), where aa is the lattice spacing. For definite conclusions, however, it would be helpful to repeat the corresponding part of our study with standard lattice perturbation theory techniques.Comment: 35 pages. v2: minor corrections, published versio

    Non-perturbative plaquette in 3d pure SU(3)

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    We present a determination of the elementary plaquette and, after the subsequent ultraviolet subtractions, of the finite part of the gluon condensate, in lattice regularization in three-dimensional pure SU(3) gauge theory. Through a change of regularization scheme to MSbar and a matching back to full four-dimensional QCD, this result determines the first non-perturbative contribution in the weak-coupling expansion of hot QCD pressure.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures, talk presented at Lattice 2005 (Non-zero temperature and density

    Renormalization of infrared contributions to the QCD pressure

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    Thanks to dimensional reduction, the infrared contributions to the QCD pressure can be obtained from two different three-dimensional effective field theories, called the Electrostatic QCD (Yang-Mills plus adjoint Higgs) and the Magnetostatic QCD (pure Yang-Mills theory). Lattice measurements have been carried out within these theories, but a proper interpretation of the results requires renormalization, and in some cases also improvement, i.e. the removal of terms of O(a) or O(a^2). We discuss how these computations can be implemented and carried out up to 4-loop level with the help of Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figures, talk presented at Lattice 2006 (High temperature and density

    The leading non-perturbative coefficient in the weak-coupling expansion of hot QCD pressure

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    Using Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory within three-dimensional pure SU(3) gauge theory, we estimate the last unknown renormalization constant that is needed for converting the vacuum energy density of this model from lattice regularization to the MSbar scheme. Making use of a previous non-perturbative lattice measurement of the plaquette expectation value in three dimensions, this allows us to approximate the first non-perturbative coefficient that appears in the weak-coupling expansion of hot QCD pressure.Comment: 16 pages. v2: published versio
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