650 research outputs found

    Singlet-Triplet Transition Tuned by Asymmetric Gate Voltages in a Quantum Ring

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    Wavefunction and interaction effects in the addition spectrum of a Coulomb blockaded many electron quantum ring are investigated as a function of asymmetrically applied gate voltages and magnetic field. Hartree and exchange contributions to the interaction are quantitatively evaluated at a crossing between states extended around the ring and states which are more localized in one arm of the ring. A gate tunable singlet-triplet transition of the two uppermost levels of this many electron ring is identified at zero magnetic field.Comment: 4 page

    Vertical quantum wire realized with double cleaved-edge overgrowth

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    A quantum wire is fabricated on (001)-GaAs at the intersection of two overgrown cleaves. The wire is contacted at each end to n+ GaAs layers via two-dimensional (2D) leads. A sidegate controls the density of the wire revealing conductance quantization. The step height is strongly reduced from 2e^2/h due to the 2D-lead series resistance. We characterize the 2D density and mobility for both cleave facets with four-point measurements. The density on the first facet is modulated by the substrate potential, depleting a 2um wide strip that defines the wire length. Micro-photoluminescence shows an extra peak consistent with 1D electron states at the corner.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Transmission Phase Through Two Quantum Dots Embedded in a Four-Terminal Quantum Ring

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    We use the Aharonov-Bohm effect in a four-terminal ring based on a Ga[Al]As heterostructure for the measurement of the relative transmission phase. In each of the two interfering paths we induce a quantum dot. The number of electrons in the two dots can be controlled independently. The transmission phase is measured as electrons are added to or taken away from the individual quantum dots.Comment: 3 pages, 4 figure

    Anomalous Spin Dephasing in (110) GaAs Quantum Wells: Anisotropy and Intersubband Effects

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    A strong anisotropy of electron spin decoherence is observed in GaAs/(AlGa)As quantum wells grown on (110) oriented substrate. The spin lifetime of spins perpendicular to the growth direction is about one order of magnitude shorter compared to spins along (110). The spin lifetimes of both spin orientations decrease monotonically above a temperature of 80 and 120 K, respectively. The decrease is very surprising for spins along (110) direction and cannot be explained by the usual Dyakonov Perel dephasing mechanism. A novel spin dephasing mechanism is put forward that is based on scattering of electrons between different quantum well subbands.Comment: 4 pages, 3 postscript figures, corrected typo

    Anomalous magnetoresistance peak in (110) GaAs two-dimensional holes: Evidence for Landau-level spin-index anticrossings

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    We measure an anomalous magnetoresistance peak within the lowest Landau level (nu = 1) minimum of a two-dimensional hole system on (110) GaAs. Self-consistent calculations of the valence band mixing show that the two lowest spin-index Landau levels anticross in a perpendicular magnetic field B consistent with where the experimental peak is measured, Bp. The temperature dependence of the anomalous peak height is interpreted as an activated behavior across this anticrossing gap. Calculations of the spin polarization in the lowest Landau levels predict a rapid switch from about -3/2 to +3/2 spin at the anticrossing. The peak position Bp is shown to be affected by the confinement electrostatics, and the utility of a tunable anticrossing position for spintronics applications is discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Transport properties of quantum dots with hard walls

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    Quantum dots are fabricated in a Ga[Al]As-heterostructure by local oxidation with an atomic force microscope. This technique, in combination with top gate voltages, allows us to generate steep walls at the confining edges and small lateral depletion lengths. The confinement is characterized by low-temperature magnetotransport measurements, from which the dots' energy spectrum is reconstructed. We find that in small dots, the addition spectrum can qualitatively be described within a Fock-Darwin model. For a quantitative analysis, however, a hard-wall confinement has to be considered. In large dots, the energy level spectrum deviates even qualitatively from a Fock-Darwin model. The maximum wall steepness achieved is of the order of 0.4 meV/nm.Comment: 9 pages, 5 figure

    Four-point measurements of n- and p-type two-dimensional systems fabricated with cleaved-edge overgrowth

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    We demonstrate a contact design that allows four-terminal magnetotransport measurements of cleaved-edge overgrown two-dimensional electron and hole systems. By lithographically patterning and etching a bulk-doped surface layer, finger-shaped leads are fabricated, which contact the two-dimensional systems on the cleave facet. Both n- and p-type two-dimensional systems are demonstrated at the cleaved edge, using Si as either donor or acceptor, dependent on the growth conditions. Four-point measurements of both gated and modulation-doped samples yield fractional quantum Hall features for both n- and p-type, with several higher-order fractions evident in n-type modulation-doped samples.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figure

    Efficient Spatial Redistribution of Quantum Dot Spontaneous Emission from 2D Photonic Crystals

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    We investigate the modification of the spontaneous emission dynamics and external quantum efficiency for self-assembled InGaAs quantum dots coupled to extended and localised photonic states in GaAs 2D-photonic crystals. The 2D-photonic bandgap is shown to give rise to a 5-10 times enhancement of the external quantum efficiency whilst the spontaneous emission rate is simultaneously reduced by a comparable factor. Our findings are quantitatively explained by a modal redistribution of spontaneous emission due to the modified local density of photonic states. The results suggest that quantum dots embedded within 2D-photonic crystals are suitable for practical single photon sources with high external efficiency
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