3,118 research outputs found

    Analysis of the Q^2-dependence of charged-current quasielastic processes in neutrino-nucleus interactions

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    We discuss the observed disagreement between the Q^2 distributions of neutrino-nucleus quasielastic events, measured by a number of recent experiments, and the predictions of Monte Carlo simulations based on the relativistic Fermi gas model. The results of our analysis suggest that these discrepancies are likely to be ascribable to both the breakdown of the impulse approximation and the limitations of the Fermi gas description. Several issues related to the extraction of the Q^2 distributions from the experimental data are also discussed, and new kinematical variables, which would allow for an improved analysis, are proposed.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figures, 1 tabl

    Parity Doubling and SU(2)_L x SU(2)_R Restoration in the Hadron Spectrum

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    We construct the most general nonlinear representation of chiral SU(2)_L x SU(2)_R broken down spontaneously to the isospin SU(2), on a pair of hadrons of same spin and isospin and opposite parity. We show that any such representation is equivalent, through a hadron field transformation, to two irreducible representations on two hadrons of opposite parity with different masses and axial couplings. This implies that chiral symmetry realized in the Nambu-Goldstone mode does not predict the existence of degenerate multiplets of hadrons of opposite parity nor any relations between their couplings or masses.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure; v3: Note added to clarify implications for hadrons that do not couple to pions: Chiral symmetry can be realized linearly on such states, leading to parity doubling. To the extent that they are parity doubled, these hadrons must decouple from pions, a striking prediction that can be tested experimentally. This applies to the work of L. Glozman and collaborator

    Hydrodynamical Survey of First Overtone Cepheids

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    A hydrodynamical survey of the pulsational properties of first overtone Galactic Cepheids is presented. The goal of this study is to reproduce their observed light- and radial velocity curves. The comparison between the models and the observations is made in a quantitative manner on the level of the Fourier coefficients. Purely radiative models fail to reproduce the observed features, but convective models give good agreement. It is found that the sharp features in the Fourier coefficients are indeed caused by the P1/P4 = 2 resonance, despite the very large damping of the 4th overtone. For the adopted mass-luminosity relation the resonance center lies near a period of 4.2d +/- 0.2 as indicated by the observed radial velocity data, rather than near 3.2d as the light-curves suggest.Comment: ApJ, 12 pages, (slightly) revise

    On the key role of droughts in the dynamics of summer fires in Mediterranean Europe

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    Summer fires frequently rage across Mediterranean Europe, often intensified by high temperatures and droughts. According to the state-of-the-art regional fire risk projections, in forthcoming decades climate effects are expected to become stronger and possibly overcome fire prevention efforts. However, significant uncertainties exist and the direct effect of climate change in regulating fuel moisture (e.g. warmer conditions increasing fuel dryness) could be counterbalanced by the indirect effects on fuel structure (e.g. warmer conditions limiting fuel amount), affecting the transition between climate-driven and fuel-limited fire regimes as temperatures increase. Here we analyse and model the impact of coincident drought and antecedent wet conditions (proxy for the climatic factor influencing total fuel and fine fuel structure) on the summer Burned Area (BA) across all eco-regions in Mediterranean Europe. This approach allows BA to be linked to the key drivers of fire in the region. We show a statistically significant relationship between fire and same-summer droughts in most regions, while antecedent climate conditions play a relatively minor role, except in few specific eco-regions. The presented models for individual eco-regions provide insights on the impacts of climate variability on BA, and appear to be promising for developing a seasonal forecast system supporting fire management strategies.We thank the European Forest Fire Information System-EFFIS (http://effis.jrc.ec.europa.eu) of the European Commission Joint Research Centre for the fire data. We acknowledge the SPEI data providers (http://sac.csic. es/spei/database.html). Special thanks to Joaquín Bedia, Esteve Canyameras, Xavier Castro and Andrej Ceglar for helpful discussions on the study. This work was partially funded by the Project of Interest “NextData” of the Italian Ministry for Education, University and Research and by the EU H2020 Project 641762 “ECOPOTENTIAL: Improving Future Ecosystem Benefits through Earth Observations”. Ricardo Trigo was supported by IMDROFLOOD funded by Portuguese FCT (WaterJPI/0004/2014).Peer ReviewedPostprint (published version

    Variable stars in nearby galaxies. V. Search for Cepheids in Field A of NGC 6822

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    The results of a CCD survey for variability of stars in the nearby galaxy NGC 6822 are presented. The goal of the survey was to obtain good light curves of Cepheids for Fourier decomposition and to detect shorter period Cepheids. Since the program was carried out with a relatively small telescope, the Dutch 0.9 m at ESO-La Silla, the observations were unfiltered (white light, or Wh-band). The analysis revealed the presence of more than 130 variable stars. 21 population I Cepheids are detected; 6 of them were already known from previous works (Kayser, 1967). For at least three Cepheids, however, the previous identification or period was wrong. Some probable population II (W Vir) stars are also identified. The dispersion of the fundamental mode Cepheid PL relation appears to be small.Comment: 5 pages; accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysic

    The Index Distribution of Gaussian Random Matrices

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    We compute analytically, for large N, the probability distribution of the number of positive eigenvalues (the index N_{+}) of a random NxN matrix belonging to Gaussian orthogonal (\beta=1), unitary (\beta=2) or symplectic (\beta=4) ensembles. The distribution of the fraction of positive eigenvalues c=N_{+}/N scales, for large N, as Prob(c,N)\simeq\exp[-\beta N^2 \Phi(c)] where the rate function \Phi(c), symmetric around c=1/2 and universal (independent of β\beta), is calculated exactly. The distribution has non-Gaussian tails, but even near its peak at c=1/2 it is not strictly Gaussian due to an unusual logarithmic singularity in the rate function.Comment: 4 pages Revtex, 4 .eps figures include
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