840 research outputs found

    Large-angle scattering of multi-GeV muons on thin Lead targets

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    The probability of large-angle scattering for multi-GeV muons in thin (t/X0∼10−1t/X_0 \sim 10^{-1}) lead targets is studied. The new estimates presented here are based both on simulation programs (GEANT4 libraries) and theoretical calculations. In order to validate the results provided by simulation, a comparison is drawn with experimental data from the literature. This study is particularly relevant when applied to muons originating from νμCC\nu_\mu^{CC} interactions of CNGS beam neutrinos. In that circumstance the process under study represents the main background for the νμ→ντ\nu_\mu \to \nu_\tau search in the τ→μ\tau \to \mu channel for the OPERA experiment at LNGS. Finally, we also investigate, in the CNGS context, possible contributions from the muon photo-nuclear process which might in principle also produce a large-angle muon scattering signature in the detector

    Overview on neutrino oscillations

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    I will discuss recent achievements in the study of neutrino oscillations obtained with the T2K, OPERA and ICARUS long-baseline neutrino experiments

    A new design for the CERN-Fr\'ejus neutrino Super Beam

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    We present an optimization of the hadron focusing system for a low-energy high-intensity conventional neutrino beam (Super-Beam) proposed on the basis of the HP-SPL at CERN with a beam power of 4 MW and an energy of 4.5 GeV. The far detector would be a 440 kton Water Cherenkov detector (MEMPHYS) located at a baseline of 130 km in the Fr\'ejus site. The neutrino fluxes simulation relies on a new GEANT4 based simulation coupled with an optimization algorithm based on the maximization of the sensitivity limit on the θ13\theta_{13} mixing angle. A new configuration adopting a multiple horn system with solid targets is proposed which improves the sensitivity to θ13\theta_{13} and the CP violating phase δCP\delta_{CP}.Comment: 11 pages, 18 figures, 2 table

    CP violation and mass hierarchy at medium baselines in the large theta(13) era

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    The large value of theta(13) recently measured by rector and accelerator experiments opens unprecedented opportunities for precision oscillation physics. In this paper, we reconsider the physics reach of medium baseline superbeams. For theta(13) ~ 9 degree we show that facilities at medium baselines -- i.e. L ~ O(1000 km) -- remain optimal for the study of CP violation in the leptonic sector, although their ultimate precision strongly depends on experimental systematics. This is demonstrated in particular for facilities of practical interest in Europe: a CERN to Gran Sasso and CERN to Phyasalmi nu_mu beam based on the present SPS and on new high power 50 GeV proton driver. Due to the large value of theta(13), spectral information can be employed at medium baselines to resolve the sign ambiguity and determine the neutrino mass hierarchy. However, longer baselines, where matter effects dominate the nu_mu->nu_e transition, can achieve much stronger sensitivity to sign(Delta m^2) even at moderate exposures.Comment: 14 pages, 14 figures, version to appear in EPJ

    A novel technique for the measurement of the electron neutrino cross section

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    Absolute neutrino cross section measurements are presently limited by uncertainties on ν\nu fluxes. In this paper, we propose a technique that is based on the reconstruction of large angle positrons in the decay tunnel to identify three-body semileptonic K+→e+π0νeK^+ \rightarrow e^+ \pi^0 \nu_e decays. This tagging facility operated in positron counting mode ("event count mode") can be employed to determine the absolute νe\nu_e flux at the neutrino detector with O(1%){\cal O}(1\%) precision. Facilities operated in "event by event tag mode" i.e. tagged neutrino beams that exploit the time coincidence of the positron at source and the νe\nu_e interaction at the detector, are also discussed.Comment: 23 pages, 7 figures. Version to appear in EPJ

    New results from T2K

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    The T2K experiment is a 295-km long-baseline neutrino experiment in Japan employing an off-axis muon neutrino beam with a ~ 0.6 GeV peak energy. The beam, produced from 30-GeV protons at the J-PARC complex on the Pacific coast, is directed to the Super-Kamiokande detector. T2K released the first long-baseline measurement of a nonzero value for the θ 13 mixing parameter through the observation of electron neutrino appearance ( v µ → v e ) and produced the most precise measurement of θ 23 through the observation of muon neutrino disappearance ( v µ → v µ ). T2K data, in combination with reactor experiments, also excludes at 90% C.L. a significant region of the Dirac CP phase: δ CP δ CP > -0.49(-0.98) for the normal (inverted) hierarchy. A full joint appearance and disappearance fit including both neutrino (7×10 20 protons on target, PoT) and anti-neutrino (4 × 10 20 PoT) data and, for the first time, a constraint from water target data in the near detector, is presented yielding improved sensitivity on δ CP and improved precision on sin 2 2 θ 23 and the atmospheric mass splitting

    EURONU WP6 2009 yearly report: Update of the physics potential of Nufact, superbeams and betabeams

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    Many studies in the last ten years have shown that we can measure the unknown angle theta13, discover leptonic CP violation and determine the neutrino hierarchy in more precise neutrino oscillation experiments, searching for the subleading channel nue -> numu in the atmospheric range. In this first report of WP6 activities the following new results are reviewed: (1) Re-evaluation of the physics reach of the upcoming generation of experiments to measure theta13 and delta; (2) New tools to explore a larger parameter space as needed beyond the standard scenario; (3) Neutrino Factory: (a) evaluation of the physics reach of a Nufact regards sterile neutrinos; (b) evaluation of the physics reach of a Nufact as regards non-standard interactions; (c) evaluation of the physics reach of a Nufact as regards violation of unitarity; (d) critical assessment on long baseline tau-detection at Nufact; (e) new physics searches at a near detector in a Nufact; (4) Beta-beams: (a) choice of ions and location for a gamma = 100 CERN-based beta-beam; (b) re-evaluation of atmospheric neutrino background for the gamma = 100 beta-beam scenario; (c) study of a two baseline beta-beam; (d) measuring absolute neutrino mass with beta-beams; (e) progress on monochromatic beta-beams; (5) Update of the physics potential of the SPL super-beam. Eventually, we present an updated comparison of the sensitivity to theta13, delta and the neutrino mass hierarchy of several of the different proposed facilities.Comment: 2009 Yearly report of the Working Package 6 (Physics) of the EUROnu FP7 EU project. 55 pages, 21 figures
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