3,162 research outputs found

    Radiation 'damping' in atomic photonic crystals

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    The force exerted on a material by an incident beam of light is dependent upon the material's velocity in the laboratory frame of reference. This velocity dependence is known to be diffcult to measure, as it is proportional to the incident optical power multiplied by the ratio of the material velocity to the speed of light. Here we show that this typically tiny effect is greatly amplified in multilayer systems composed of resonantly absorbing atoms (e.g. optically trapped 87Rb), which may exhibit ultra-narrow photonic band gaps. The amplification of the effect is shown to be three orders of magnitude greater than previous estimates for conventional photonic-band-gap materials, and significant for material velocities of a few ms/s.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Exciton-phonon scattering and photo-excitation dynamics in J-aggregate microcavities

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    We have developed a model accounting for the photo-excitation dynamics and the photoluminescence of strongly coupled J-aggregate microcavities. Our model is based on a description of the J-aggregate film as a disordered Frenkel exciton system in which relaxation occurs due to the presence of a thermal bath of molecular vibrations. In a strongly coupled microcavity exciton-polaritons are formed, mixing superradiant excitons and cavity photons. The calculation of the microcavity steady-state photoluminescence, following a CW non resonant pumping, is carried out. The experimental photoluminescence intensity ratio between upper and lower polariton branches is accurately reproduced. In particular both thermal activation of the photoluminescence intensity ratio and its Rabi splitting dependence are a consequence of the bottleneck in the relaxation, occurring at the bottom of the excitonic reservoir. The effects due to radiative channels of decay of excitons and to the presence of a paritticular set of discrete optical molecular vibrations active in relaxation processes are investigared.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figure

    Interacting social processes on interconnected networks

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    We propose and study a model for the interplay between two different dynamical processes --one for opinion formation and the other for decision making-- on two interconnected networks AA and BB. The opinion dynamics on network AA corresponds to that of the M-model, where the state of each agent can take one of four possible values (S=−2,−1,1,2S=-2,-1,1,2), describing its level of agreement on a given issue. The likelihood to become an extremist (S=±2S=\pm 2) or a moderate (S=±1S=\pm 1) is controlled by a reinforcement parameter r≥0r \ge 0. The decision making dynamics on network BB is akin to that of the Abrams-Strogatz model, where agents can be either in favor (S=+1S=+1) or against (S=−1S=-1) the issue. The probability that an agent changes its state is proportional to the fraction of neighbors that hold the opposite state raised to a power β\beta. Starting from a polarized case scenario in which all agents of network AA hold positive orientations while all agents of network BB have a negative orientation, we explore the conditions under which one of the dynamics prevails over the other, imposing its initial orientation. We find that, for a given value of β\beta, the two-network system reaches a consensus in the positive state (initial state of network AA) when the reinforcement overcomes a crossover value r∗(β)r^*(\beta), while a negative consensus happens for r<r∗(β)r<r^*(\beta). In the r−βr-\beta phase space, the system displays a transition at a critical threshold βc\beta_c, from a coexistence of both orientations for β<βc\beta<\beta_c to a dominance of one orientation for β>βc\beta>\beta_c. We develop an analytical mean-field approach that gives an insight into these regimes and shows that both dynamics are equivalent along the crossover line (r∗,β∗)(r^*,\beta^*).Comment: 25 pages, 6 figure

    Coherent perfect absorption in one-sided reflectionless media

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    In optical experiments one-sided reflectionless (ORL) and coherent perfect absorption (CPA) are unusual scattering properties yet fascinating for their fundamental aspects and for their practical interest. Although these two concepts have so far remained separated from each other, we prove that the two phenomena are indeed strictly connected. We show that a CPA-ORL connection exists between pairs of points lying along lines close to each other in the 3D space-parameters of a realistic lossy atomic photonic crystal. The connection is expected to be a generic feature of wave scattering in non-Hermitian optical media encompassing, as a particular case, wave scattering in parity-time (PT) symmetric media

    Non-Hermitian Degeneracies and Unidirectional Reflectionless Atomic Lattices

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    Light propagation in optical lattices of driven cold atoms exhibits non-Hermitian degeneracies when the first-order modulation amplitudes of real and imaginary parts of the probe susceptibility are manipulated to be balanced. At these degeneracies, one may observe complete unidirectional reflectionless light propagation. This strictly occurs with no gain and can be easily tuned and fully reversed as supported by the transfer-matrix calculations and explained via a coupled-mode analysis

    Polarization-selective optical nonlinearities in cold Rydberg atoms

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    We study the interaction between a probe and a trigger weak fields in a sample of cold rubidium atoms in the presence of a coupling and a dressing strong fields. Dipole Rydberg blockade may occur and can be set to depend on the probe and trigger polarizations giving rise to diverse regimes of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) with a concomitant small probe and trigger absorption and dispersion. This is shown to be relevant to the implementation of polarization conditional probe and trigger cross nonlinearities in cold Rydberg atoms

    Perfect absorption and no reflection in disordered photonic crystals

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    Understanding the effects of disorder on the light propagation in photonic devices is of major importance from both fundamental and applied points of view. Unidirectional reflectionless and coherent perfect absorption of optical signals are unusual yet fascinating phenomena that have recently sparked an extensive research effort in photonics. These two phenomena, which arise from topological deformations of the scattering matrix S parameters space, behave differently in the presence of different types of disorder, as we show here for a lossy photonic crystal prototype with a parity-time antisymmetric susceptibility or a more general non-Hermitian one

    Role of anisotropy in the F\"orster energy transfer from a semiconductor quantum well to an organic crystalline overlayer

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    We consider the non-radiative resonant energy transfer from a two-dimensional Wannier exciton (donor) to a Frenkel exciton of a molecular crystal overlayer (acceptor). We characterize the effect of the optical anisotropy of the organic subsystem on this process. Using realistic values of material parameters, we show that it is possible to change the transfer rate within typically a factor of two depending on the orientation of the crystalline overlayer. The resonant matching of donor and acceptor energies is also partly tunable via the organic crystal orientation.Comment: 6 pages, 8 figure
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