8,863 research outputs found

    The Power Flow Angle of Acoustic Waves in Thin Piezoelectric Plates

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    The curves of slowness and power flow angle (PFA) of quasi-antisymmetric (A0) and quasi-symmetric (S0) Lamb waves as well as quasi-shear-horizontal (SH0) acoustic waves in thin plates of lithium niobate and potassium niobate of X-,Y-, and Z-cuts for various propagation directions and the influence of electrical shorting of one plate surface on these curves and PFA have been theoretically investigated. It has been found that the group velocity of such waves does not coincide with the phase velocity for the most directions of propagation. It has been also shown that S0 and SH0 wave are characterized by record high values of PFA and its change due to electrical shorting of the plate surface in comparison with surface and bulk acoustic waves in the same material. The most interesting results have been verified by experiment. As a whole, the results obtained may be useful for development of various devices for signal processing, for example, electrically controlled acoustic switchers

    High probability state transfer in spin-1/2 chains: Analytical and numerical approaches

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    This article is devoted to the development of analytical and numerical approaches to the problem of the end-to-end quantum state transfer along the spin-1/2 chain using two methods: (a) a homogeneous spin chain with week end bonds and equal Larmor frequencies and (b) a homogeneous spin chain with end Larmor frequencies different from inner ones. A tridiagonal matrix representation of the XY Hamiltonian with nearest neighbor interactions relevant to the quantum state transfer is exactly diagonalized for a combination of the above two methods. In order to take into account interactions of the remote spins we used numerical simulations of the quantum state transfer in ten-node chains. We compare the state transfer times obtained using the two above methods for chains governed by the both XY and XXZ Hamiltonians and using both nearest neighbor and all node interactions.Comment: 16 pages, 5 figure

    First results of systematic studies done with different types of Silicon Photomultipliers

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    The presented results are obtained during the first steps taken in order to develop a setup and measurement procedures which allow to compare properties of diverse kinds of silicon photomultipliers. The response to low-intensity light was studied for silicon photomultipliers produced by CPTA (Russia), Hamamatsu (Japan), ITC-irst (Italy) and SensL (Ireland).Comment: 3 pages, 3 figures, proceedings of the Internationa Linear Collider Workshop LCWS2007, Hamburg, German