381 research outputs found

### Chopper-controlled discharge life cycling studies on lead-acid batteries

State-of-the-art 6 volt lead-acid golf car batteries were tested. A daily charge/discharge cycling to failure points under various chopper controlled pulsed dc and continuous current load conditions was undertaken. The cycle life and failure modes were investigated for depth of discharge, average current chopper frequency, and chopper duty cycle. It is shown that battery life is primarily and inversely related to depth of discharge and discharge current. Failure mode is characterized by a gradual capacity loss with consistent evidence of cell element aging

### Global fit to Higgs signal strengths and couplings and implications for extended Higgs sectors

The most recent LHC data have provided a considerable improvement in the
precision with which various Higgs production and decay channels have been
measured. Using all available public results from ATLAS, CMS and the Tevatron,
we derive for each final state the combined confidence level contours for the
signal strengths in the (gluon fusion + ttH associated production) versus
(vector boson fusion + VH associated production) space. These "combined signal
strength ellipses" can be used in a simple, generic way to constrain a very
wide class of New Physics models in which the couplings of the Higgs boson
deviate from the Standard Model prediction. Here, we use them to constrain the
reduced couplings of the Higgs boson to up-quarks, down-quarks/leptons and
vector boson pairs. We also consider New Physics contributions to the
loop-induced gluon-gluon and photon-photon couplings of the Higgs, as well as
invisible/unseen decays. Finally, we apply our fits to some simple models with
an extended Higgs sector, in particular to Two-Higgs-Doublet models of Type I
and Type II, the Inert Doublet model, and the Georgi-Machacek triplet Higgs
model.Comment: 31 pages, 15 figures; v2: fixed important factor of 2 missing in Eq.
(1) (results unchanged), extended discussion in the next-to-last paragraph of
Section 3, some references added; v3: appendices and references added,
matches version accepted by PR

### Comparison of SUSY spectrum calculations and impact on the relic density constraints from WMAP

We compare results of four public supersymmetric (SUSY) spectrum codes,
Isajet, Softsusy, Spheno and Suspect to estimate the present-day uncertainty in
the calculation of the relic density of dark matter in mSUGRA models. We find
that even for mass differences of about 1% the spread in the obtained relic
densities can be 10%. In difficult regions of the parameter space, such as
large tan(beta) or large m_0, discrepancies in the relic density are much
larger. We also find important differences in the stau co-annihilation region.
We show the impact of these uncertainties on the bounds from WMAP for several
scenarios, concentrating on the regions of parameter space most relevant for
collider phenomenology. We also discuss the case of non-zero A_0 and the stop
co-annihilation region. Moreover, we present a web application for the online
comparison of the spectrum codes.Comment: 26 pages, 6 figures, 10 tables; version to appear in PR

### Two Higgs Bosons at the Tevatron and the LHC?

The best fit to the Tevatron results in the bb channel and the mild excesses
at CMS in the gamma-gamma channel at 136 GeV and in the tau-tau channel above
132 GeV can be explained by a second Higgs state in this mass range, in
addition to the one at 125 GeV recently discovered at the LHC. We show that a
scenario with two Higgs bosons at 125 GeV and 136 GeV can be consistent with
practically all available signal rates, including a reduced rate in the tau-tau
channel around 125 GeV as reported by CMS. An example in the parameter space of
the general NMSSM is given where, moreover, the signal rates of the 125 GeV
Higgs boson in the gamma-gamma channels are enhanced relative to the
expectation for a SM Higgs boson of this mass.Comment: 13 pages, 4 Table

### Status of invisible Higgs decays

We analyze the extent to which the LHC and Tevatron results as of the end of
2012 constrain invisible (or undetected) decays of the Higgs boson-like state
at ~ 125 GeV. To this end we perform global fits for several cases: 1) a Higgs
boson with Standard Model (SM) couplings but additional invisible decay modes;
2) SM couplings to fermions and vector bosons, but allowing for additional new
particles modifying the effective Higgs couplings to gluons and photons; 3) no
new particles in the loops but tree-level Higgs couplings to the up-quarks,
down-quarks and vector bosons, relative to the SM, treated as free parameters.
We find that in the three cases invisible decay rates of 23%, 61%, 88%,
respectively, are consistent with current data at 95% confidence level (CL).
Limiting the coupling to vector bosons, CV, to CV < 1 in case 3) reduces the
allowed invisible branching ratio to 56% at 95% CL. Requiring in addition that
the Higgs couplings to quarks have the same sign as in the SM, an invisible
rate of up to 36% is allowed at 95% CL. We also discuss direct probes of
invisible Higgs decays, as well as the interplay with dark matter searches.Comment: 14 pages, 8 figures; v2: extended discussion on ZH associated
production, references added, minor corrections; v4: matches final version
published in Phys. Lett.

### Higgs Couplings at the End of 2012

Performing a fit to all publicly available data, we analyze the extent to
which the latest results from the LHC and Tevatron constrain the couplings of
the Higgs boson-like state at ~ 125 GeV. To this end we assume that only
Standard Model (SM) particles appear in the Higgs decays, but tree-level Higgs
couplings to the up-quarks, down-quarks and vector bosons, relative to the SM
are free parameters. We also assume that the leptonic couplings relative to the
SM are the same as for the down-quark, and a custodial symmetry for the V=W,Z
couplings. In the simplest approach, the effective Higgs couplings to gluons
and photons are computed in terms of the previous parameters. This approach is
also applied to Two-Higgs-Doublet Models of Type I and Type II. However, we
also explore the possibility that the net Higgs to gluon-gluon and gamma-gamma
couplings have extra loop contributions coming from Beyond-the-Standard Model
physics. We find that the SM p-value ~ 0.5 is more than 2 sigma away from fits
in which: a) there is some non-SM contribution to the gamma-gamma coupling of
the Higgs; or b) the sign of the top quark coupling to the Higgs is opposite
that of the W coupling. In both these cases p-values ~ 0.9 can be achieved.
Since option b) is difficult to realize in realistic models, it would seem that
new physics contributions to the effective couplings of the Higgs are
preferred.Comment: 25 pages, 11 figures; v2: minor corrections, references added; v3:
acknowledgement adde

### Collider limits on new physics within micrOMEGAs4.3

Results from the LHC put severe constraints on models of new physics. This
includes constraints on the Higgs sector from the precise measurement of the
mass and couplings of the 125GeV Higgs boson, as well as limits from searches
for other new particles. We present the procedure to use these constraints in
micrOMEGAs by interfacing it to the external codes Lilith, HiggsSignals,
HiggsBounds and SModelS. A few dedicated modules are also provided. With these
new features, micrOMEGAs_4.3 provides a generic framework for evaluating dark
matter observables together with collider and non-collider constraints.Comment: 23 page

### On the treatment of threshold effects in SUSY spectrum computations

We take a critical view of the treatment of threshold effects in SUSY
spectrum computations from high-scale input. We discuss the two principal
methods of (a) renormalization at a common SUSY scale versus (b) integrating
out sparticles at their own mass scales. We point out problems in the
implementations in public spectrum codes, together with suggestions for
improvements. In concrete examples, we compare results of Isajet7.72 and
Spheno2.2.3, and present the improvements done in Isajet7.73. We also comment
on theoretical uncertainties. Last but not least, we outline how a consistent
multiscale approach may be achieved.Comment: 15 pages, 1 figur

### CP Studies of the Higgs Sector

The CP structure of the Higgs sector will be of great interest to future
colliders. The measurement of the CP properties of candidate Higgs particles
will be essential in order to distinguish models of electroweak symmetry
breaking, and to discover or place limits on CP-violation in the Higgs sector.
In this report we briefly summarize various methods of determining the CP
properties of Higgs bosons at different colliders and identify areas where more
study is required. We also provide an example of a synergy between the LHC, an
e+e- Linear Collider and a Photon Collider, for the examination of CP-violation
in a Two-Higgs-Doublet-Model.Comment: A contribution to the LHC / LC Study Group document; 9 pages, 2
figure

### SUSY-QCD corrections to stop and sbottom decays into Higgs bosons

We calculate the order(\alpha_s) SUSY-QCD corrections to the widths of stop
and sbottom decays into Higgs bosons within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard
Model. We give the complete analytical formulae paying particular attention to
the on-shell renormalization of the soft SUSY-breaking parameters. We also
perform a detailed numerical analysis of both stop and sbottom decays into all
Higgs bosons h^0, H^0, A^0, and H^\pm. We find that the SUSY-QCD corrections
are significant, mostly negative and of the order of a few ten percent.Comment: revised version, one figure and a few comments adde

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