1,778 research outputs found

    Taming the BFKL Intercept via Gluon Saturation

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    We show that the inclusion of parton density effects in the perturbative small-x evolution reduces the strength of the powerlike growth of total hadronic cross sections.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, Proceedings for Quark Matter 200

    Fermionic Operators from Bosonic Fields in 3+1 Dimensions

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    We present a construction of fermionic operators in 3+1 dimensions in terms of bosonic fields in the framework of QED4QED_4. The basic bosonic variables are the electric fields EiE_i and their conjugate momenta AiA_i. Our construction generalizes the analogous constuction of fermionic operators in 2+1 dimensions. Loosely speaking, a fermionic operator is represented as a product of an operator that creates a pointlike charge and an operator that creates an infinitesimal t'Hooft loop of half integer strength. We also show how the axial U(1)U(1) transformations are realized in this construction.Comment: 8 pages, two figures available on request, LA-UR-94-286

    No Froissart Bound from Gluon Saturation

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    In the previous work hep-ph/0112140, hep-ph/0204277, we showed that while the nonlinear QCD evolution equation of Balitsky and Kovchegov (BK) leads to saturation of the scattering amplitude locally in impact parameter space, it does not unitarize the total cross section. This result was recently challenged by Ferreiro, Iancu, Itakura and McLerran (FIIM) who claim that the dipole-hadron cross section computed from the BK equation saturates the Froissart bound. In this comment, we point to a fundamental error in the argument of FIIM which invalidates their conclusion. We show that if the total cross section violates unitarity for a coloured scattering probe, it does so also for a colourless scattering probe.Comment: 5 pages LaTex, final version to be published in Phys. Lett. B, Note added referring to recent controvers

    One gluon, two gluon: multigluon production via high energy evolution

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    We develop an approach for calculating the inclusive multigluon production within the JIMWLK high energy evolution. We give a formal expression of multigluon cross section in terms of a generating functional for arbitrary number of gluons nn. In the dipole limit the expression simplifies dramatically. We recover the previously known results for single and double gluon inclusive cross section and generalize those for arbitrary multigluon amplitude in terms of Feynman diagramms of Pomeron - like objects coupled to external rapidity dependent field s(η)s(\eta). We confirm the conclusion that the AGK cutting rules in general are violated in multigluon production. However we present an argument to the effect that for doubly inclusive cross section the AGK diagramms give the leading contribution at high energy, while genuine violation only occurs for triple and higher inclusive gluon production. We discuss some general properties of our expressions and suggest a line of argument to simplify the approach further.Comment: 32 pages, one reference corrected. to appear in JHE

    BPS and non-BPS Domain Walls in Supersymmetric QCD with SU(3) Gauge Group

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    We study the spectrum of the domain walls interpolating between different chirally asymmetric vacua in supersymmetric QCD with the SU(3) gauge group and including 2 pairs of chiral matter multiplets in fundamental and anti-fundamental representations. For small enough masses m < m* = .286... (in the units of \Lambda), there are two different domain wall solutions which are BPS-saturated and two types of ``wallsome sphalerons''. At m = m*, two BPS branches join together and, in the interval m* < m < m** = 3.704..., BPS equations have no solutions but there are solutions to the equations of motion describing a non-BPS domain wall and a sphaleron. For m > m**, there are no solutions whatsoever.Comment: 10 pages LaTeX, 5 postscript figure

    Bosonization in 2+1 dimensions without Chern - Simons attached

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    We perform the complete bosonization of 2+1 dimensional QED with one fermionic flavor in the Hamiltonian formalism. The fermion operators are explicitly constructed in terms of the vector potential and the electric field. We carefully specify the regularization procedure involved in the definition of these operators, and calculate the fermionic bilinears and the energy - momentum tensor. The algebra of bilinears exhibits the Schwinger terms which also appear in perturbation theory. The bosonic Hamiltonian density is a local polynomial function of AiA_i and EiE_i, and we check explicitly the Lorentz invariance of the resulting bosonic theory. Our construction is conceptually very similar to Mandelstam's construction in 1+1 dimensions, and is dissimilar from the recent bosonization attempts in 2+1 dimensions which hinge crucially on the existence of a Chern - Simons term.Comment: 12 pages, LA-UR-93-1062, some misprints and algebraic errors corrected, several comments adde

    The Yin and Yang of High Energy Chromodynamics: Scattering in Black and White

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    We further discuss the QCD Reggeon field theory (RFT) as it emerges from the JIMWLK/KLWMIJ evolution equation and beyond. We give an explicit expression for the calculation of scattering amplitude in terms of the eigenstates of the RFT Hamiltonian. We point out that the spectrum of RFT is doubly degenerate, the degeneracy being related to the spontaneous breaking of the Dense-Dilute Duality symmetry of RFT. The degeneracy is between the "almost white" states (the Yang sector) which contain a small number of gluons, and "almost black" states (the Yin sector). The excitations above the Yang vacuum have natural interpretation in terms of gluons. Analogously the excitations above the Yin vacuum have natural interpretation as "holes" in the black disk - points at which an incoming gluon does not scatter with unit probability. We discuss in detail the spectrum of the "parton model approximation" to the KLWMIJ evolution introduced in our previous paper, and prove that it is explicitly selfdual. This allows us to find explicitly the counterpart hole states in this approximation. We also present an argument to the effect that the end point of the evolution for any physical state cannot be a "grey disk" but must necessarily be the "black disk" Yin vacuum state. Finally, we suggest an approximation scheme for including the Pomeron loop contribution to the evolution which requires only the solution of the JIMWLK/KLWMIJ Hamiltonian.Comment: 25 pages, 1 figur

    Eikonal but not: a complementary view of high energy evolution

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    The high energy evolution equations that describe the evolution of hadronic amplitudes with energy are derived assuming eikonal interaction of the evolved hadronic wave function with the target. In this note we remark that this derivation allows a different interpretation, whereby the hadronic wave function is not evolved, but instead the evolution acts on the S - matrix operator. In this approach, analogous to the Heisenberg picture of Quantum mechanics, the scattering is not eikonal and additional boost provides for radiation of more gluons in the final state.Comment: 5 page

    SUSY 3D Georgi-Glashow model at finite temperature

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    We study the finite-temperature properties of the supersymmetric version of (2+1)D Georgi-Glashow model. As opposed to its nonsupersymmetric counterpart, the parity symmetry in this theory at zero temperature is spontaneously broken by the bilinear photino condensate. We find that as the temperature is raised, the deconfinement and the parity restoration occur in this model at the same point Tc=g2/8Ď€T_c=g^2/8\pi. The transition is continuous, but is not of the Ising type as in nonsupersymmetric Georgi-Glashow model, but rather of the Berezinsky-Kosterlitz-Thouless type as in Z4Z_4-invariant spin model.Comment: 8 pages, LaTeX2e, no figure
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