556 research outputs found

### Design study of a Fourier spectrometer ellipsoidal mirror reflectometer system Final report

Optimization of interferometer and ellipsoidal reflectometer to measure reflectance of opaque material

### Design considerations for thermostatic fin spacecraft temperature control

Design considerations for thermostatic fin spacecraft temperature contro

### E(5), X(5), and Prolate to Oblate Shape Phase Transitions in Relativistic Hartree Bogoliubov Theory

Relativistic mean field theory with the NL3 force is used for producing
potential energy surfaces (PES) for series of isotopes suggested as exhibiting
critical point symmetries. Relatively flat PES are obtained for nuclei showing
the E(5) symmetry, while in nuclei corresponding to the X(5) case, PES with a
bump are obtained. The PES corresponding to the Pt chain of isotopes suggest a
transition from prolate to oblate shapes at 186-Pt.Comment: 21 pages, LaTeX, including 14 .eps figure

### A Comparison of Algorithms for the Construction of SZ Cluster Catalogues

We evaluate the construction methodology of an all-sky catalogue of galaxy
clusters detected through the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect. We perform an
extensive comparison of twelve algorithms applied to the same detailed
simulations of the millimeter and submillimeter sky based on a Planck-like
case. We present the results of this "SZ Challenge" in terms of catalogue
completeness, purity, astrometric and photometric reconstruction. Our results
provide a comparison of a representative sample of SZ detection algorithms and
highlight important issues in their application. In our study case, we show
that the exact expected number of clusters remains uncertain (about a thousand
cluster candidates at |b|> 20 deg with 90% purity) and that it depends on the
SZ model and on the detailed sky simulations, and on algorithmic implementation
of the detection methods. We also estimate the astrometric precision of the
cluster candidates which is found of the order of ~2 arcmins on average, and
the photometric uncertainty of order ~30%, depending on flux.Comment: Accepted for publication in A&A: 14 pages, 7 figures. Detailed
figures added in Appendi

### The Selection Function of SZ Cluster Surveys

We study the nature of cluster selection in Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) surveys,
focusing on single frequency observations and using Monte Carlo simulations
incorporating instrumental effects, primary cosmic microwave background (CMB)
anisotropies and extragalactic point sources. Clusters are extracted from
simulated maps with an optimal, multi-scale matched filter. We introduce a
general definition for the survey selection function that provides a useful
link between an observational catalog and theoretical predictions. The
selection function defined over the observed quantities of flux and angular
size is independent of cluster physics and cosmology, and thus provides a
useful characterization of a survey. Selection expressed in terms of cluster
mass and redshift, on the other hand, depends on both cosmology and cluster
physics. We demonstrate that SZ catalogs are not simply flux limited, and
illustrate how incorrect modeling of the selection function leads to biased
estimates of cosmological parameters. The fact that SZ catalogs are not flux
limited complicates survey ``calibration'' by requiring more detailed
information on the relation between cluster observables and cluster mass.Comment: Accepted for publication in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 11 pages, 7
figure

### Constraining dark energy with Sunyaev-Zel'dovich cluster surveys

We discuss the prospects of constraining the properties of a dark energy
component, with particular reference to a time varying equation of state, using
future cluster surveys selected by their Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect. We compute
the number of clusters expected for a given set of cosmological parameters and
propogate the errors expected from a variety of surveys. In the short term they
will constrain dark energy in conjunction with future observations of type Ia
supernovae, but may in time do so in their own right.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, 1 table, version accepted for publication in PR

### Detection of a CMB decrement towards a cluster of mJy radiosources

We present the results of radio, optical and near-infrared observations of
the field of TOC J0233.3+3021, a cluster of milliJansky radiosources from the
TexOx Cluster survey. In an observation of this field with the Ryle Telescope
(RT) at 15 GHz, we measure a decrement in the cosmic microwave background (CMB)
of $-675 \pm 95 \mu$Jy on the RT's $\approx$ 0.65 k$\lambda$ baseline. Using
optical and infrared imaging with the McDonald 2.7-m Smith Reflector, Calar
Alto 3.5-m telescope and UKIRT, we identify the host galaxies of five of the
radiosources and measure magnitudes of $R \approx 24$, $J \approx 20$, $K
\approx 18$.
The CMB decrement is consistent with the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect of a
massive cluster of galaxies, which if modelled as a spherical King profile of
core radius $\theta_C = 20^{\prime\prime}$ has a central temperature decrement
of $900 \mu$K. The magnitudes and colours of the galaxies are consistent with
those of old ellipticals at $z \sim 1$. We therefore conclude that TOC
J0233.3+3021 is a massive, high redshift cluster. These observations add to the
growing evidence for a significant population of massive clusters at high
redshift, and demonstrate the effectiveness of combining searches for AGN
`signposts' to clusters with the redshift-independence of the SZ effect.Comment: Six pages; accepted for publication in MNRAS. Version with
full-resolution UV plot available from
http://www.mrao.cam.ac.uk/~garret/MB185.p

### Search for the electric dipole excitations to the $3s_{1/2} \otimes [2^{+}_{1} \otimes 3^{-}_{1}]$ multiplet in $^{117}$Sn

The odd-mass $^{117}$Sn nucleus was investigated in nuclear resonance
fluorescence experiments up to an endpoint energy of the incident photon
spectrum of 4.1 MeV at the bremsstrahlung facility of the Stuttgart University.
More than 50 mainly hitherto unknown levels were found. From the measurement of
the scattering cross sections model independent absolute electric dipole
excitation strengths were extracted. The measured angular distributions
suggested the spins of 11 excited levels. Quasi-particle phonon model
calculations including a complete configuration space were performed for the
first time for a heavy odd-mass spherical nucleus. These calculations give a
clear insight in the fragmentation and distribution of the $E1$, $M1$, and $E2$
excitation strength in the low energy region. It is proven that the $1^{-}$
component of the two-phonon $[2^{+}_{1} \otimes 3^{-}_{1}]$ quintuplet built on
top of the $1/2^{+}$ ground state is strongly fragmented. The theoretical
calculations are consistent with the experimental data.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figure

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