354 research outputs found

    Twist-4 photon helicity-flip amplitude in DVCS on a nucleon in the Wandzura-Wilczek approximation

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    We computed twist-4 part of the photon spin-flip amplitude in deeply virtual Compton scattering on a nucleon in the Wandzura-Wilczek approximation. We found a factorizable contribution, which arises from photon scattering on quarks with non-zero angular momentum along the collision axis. As the genuine twist-2 amplitude arises at the NLO, for moderate virtualities of the hard photon, Q210Q^2 \le 10 GeV2^2, kinematical twist-4 correction can give numerically important contribution to the photon helicity-flip amplitude.Comment: 17 pages, 2 figures, added qualitative estimate of the magnitude of twist-4 correction which seems to be larg

    Wide angle Compton scattering on the proton: study of power suppressed corrections

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    We study the wide angle Compton scattering process on a proton within the soft collinear factorization (SCET) framework. The main purpose of this work is to estimate the effect due to certain power suppressed corrections. We consider all possible kinematical power corrections and also include the subleading amplitudes describing the scattering with nucleon helicity flip. Under certain assumptions we present a leading-order factorization formula for these amplitudes which includes the hard- and soft-spectator contributions. We apply the formalism and perform a phenomenological analysis of the cross section and asymmetries in the wide angle Compton scattering on a proton. We assume that in the relevant kinematical region where t,u>2.5-t,-u>2.5~GeV2^{2} the dominant contribution is provided by the soft-spectator mechanism. The hard coefficient functions of the corresponding SCET operators are taken in the leading-order approximation. The analysis of existing cross section data shows that the contribution of the helicity flip amplitudes to this observable is quite small and comparable with other expected theoretical uncertainties. We also show predictions for double polarization observables for which experimental information exists.Comment: 15 pages, 5 figure

    Breakdown of chiral expansion for parton distributions

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    In the framework of the chiral perturbation theory we computed two- and three-loop corrections to the pion parton distributions which posses δ\delta-function singularities at x->0. This calculation explicitly demonstrates that in the region of small x ~ mpi^2/(4 pi F)^2 standard ChPT breaks down and one needs resummation of all orders. We give an example of such resummation.Comment: 10 pages, 7 figure