13 research outputs found

    Neutron-based analyses of three Bronze Age metal objects: a closer look at the Buggenum, Jutphaas and Escharen artefacts

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    Three important Bronze Age copper-alloy artefacts from the permanent exhibition of the National Museum of Antiquity in Leiden (NL) have been studied by neutron-based methods. These artefacts are known as the Buggenum sword, the Jutphaas dirk, and the Escharen double axe. All three objects have been studied with neutron resonance capture analysis (NRCA), a non-destructive method to determine the bulk elemental compositions. The Buggenum sword is also studied with time-of-flight neutron diffraction (TOF-ND) giving additional information about crystalline properties and internal material structures, and neutron tomography (NT), showing details of the construction of this sword and voids inside the material. The composition of the Jutphaas dirk is compared with the compositions of two other dirks belonging to the group of six Plougrescant-Ommerschans (PO) ceremonial dirks. The Escharen double axe, identified as being of the Zabitz type, variant Westeregeln, is a rare object in the Low Countries. It is compared to finds from Central Europe. The results for all three objects are discussed with regards to their archaeological contexts and their relation to other finds

    Case Studies in Archaeological Predictive Modelling

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    Dutch archaeology has experienced profound changes in recent years. This has led to an increasing use of archaeological predictive modelling, a technique that uses information about the location of known early human settlements to predict where additional settlements may have been located. Case Studies in Archaeological Predictive Modelling is the product of a decade of work by Philip Verhagen as a specialist in geographical information systems at RAAP Archeologisch Adviesbureau BV, one of the leading organizations in the field; the case studies presented here provide an overview of the field and point to potential future areas of research

    Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia 41

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    Collection of articles on various topics. Watching the river flow: a small-scale survey of the floodplain deposits in the Vézère valley, between Le Moustier and Les Eyzies (Dordogne, France) by: Wil Roebroeks, Hans Kamermans, Joanne Mol, Alain Turq and Thijs van Kolfschoten Patterns of Middle and Upper Paleolithic land use in Central Lazio (Italy) by: Hans Kamermans and Jan Sevink Crops grown on the sandy soils of Eastern Brabant (the Netherlands) before, during and after the Roman occupation by: Corrie Bakels Coffee, cacao and sugar cane in a shipwreck at the bottom of the Waddenzee, the Netherlands by: Wim Kuijper and Martijn Manders Shipping pepper: examining botanical contents of a 17th-century shipwreck at Texel Roads, the Netherlands by: Cornelie Moolhuize