1,851 research outputs found

    Where are the Girls? Locating Girlhood in Game Studies

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    Review of: Cunningham, Carolyn M. Games Girls Play: Contexts of Girls and Video Games. Lexington Books, 2018.   DOI: 10.1353/jeu.2020.001

    Media Localism – The Value of Regional and Rural Radio in Australia

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    Radio holds a significant role in regional, rural and remote parts of Australia. The notion of ‘local radio’ has been challenged with the inclusion of network radio models into these places along with the take up of social media platforms. This paper will explore what it means to be local in this context, what type of radio service endures in these markets and to what extent they are successful. Arguably, radio is an integral part of the social structures in the geographical place and offers a synergistic relationship within the community. The notion of 'local' affords the market, in most cases, local news, information programs and community service information. Against a globalised understanding of the world, local is a contested concept. In this context local is geographically defined and is fiercely upheld by these local communities served by a variety of local radio stations. In the midst of the more recent reformation of the media industry in Australia, local content continued to be a significant element for consideration and protection. The policy outcomes identify the value placed on local, in the regional and remote communities. Governments around the world are challenged with the tension of maintaining a local presence for media against a national media model. The UK and USA have been champions of maintaining a local voice on the international stage. This paper will focus on some key Queensland regional and rural centres, specifically Roma, Charleville, Longreach and Winton, responses to the place of media in their community. I will discuss findings from some baseline data gathered in these communities. I have used both qualitative and quantitative methods to provide baseline data. These sites are of interest as they are representative of many locations around Australia in terms of climatic and economic impacts, as well as the loss of local media sources. Local communities are seeking a robust local voice and the changing mediascape offers little comfort to this important part of Australia. What is being sought, some current models and concepts for consideration will be provided in this paper

    An Intensive Cultural Resources Survey of 107 Acres Along Galm Road, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas

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    In December 2016, the Northside Independent School District (Client) contracted with Raba Kistner Environmental, Inc. (RKEI) to perform a cultural resources pedestrian survey within a 107-acre tract near Galm Road in San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. The purpose of this survey was to determine whether cultural resources were located within the Area of Potential Effects (APE), and if feasible, assess their significance and eligibility for designation as State Antiquities Landmarks (SALs) and for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). The project was sponsored by the Client and the owner of the project is currently George Weimer (soon to be owned by the Client). Since the area of potential effects (APE) is owned by a political subdivision of the state, the project falls under the Antiquities Code of Texas, as administered by the Texas Historical Commission (THC). Additionally, the APE is 2.5 kilometers to the southeast of Government Canyon State Natural Area. The field work was carried out between January 10 and 13, 2017 under Texas Antiquities Committee Permit No. 7866, issued to Kristi M. Nichols, who served as Principal Investigator. Mark Luzmoor served as the Project Archaeologist and Chris Murray, Richard Sample, Chris Matthews, and Kendra Brownlow assisted during the field work. Background research revealed that no previously recorded archaeological sites are located within the boundary of the APE. However, there are five archaeological sites within a 1-kilometer radius of the APE. In total, 19 shovel tests (STs) were excavated within the APE. Surface visibility was around 80% throughout the APE. Approximately 75% of the APE was open-plowed fields, with the other 25% located in fairly thick underbrush. During the pedestrian survey, 25 isolated artifacts were encountered within the plowed fields of the APE. These included secondary and tertiary flakes, bifaces, and utilized flakes; only the tools were collected. A historic bottle dump also was encountered during the pedestrian survey on the eastern end of the APE. The bottles date to the middle of the twentieth century. Two shovel tests (ST 3 & 5) were positive for cultural material in the top 20 centimeters below surface (cmbs) (two pieces of debitage and one burned rock). 41BX2162 was designated as a multi-component archaeological site due to the large amount of surface finds, the two positive STs, and the historic bottle dump, all along the eastern end of the APE. However, no cultural deposits were encountered beneath 20 cmbs, the majority of the cultural material was recorded on the surface, and no diagnostic prehistoric material was encountered. Thus, RKEI finds that the site lacks research potential and recommends no further archaeological work within the project boundaries. All field records generated by this project will be curated in accordance with the Texas Archaeology Research Laboratory guidelines

    The use of systematic reviews in the planning, design and conduct of randomised trials: a retrospective cohort of NIHR HTA funded trials

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    BACKGROUND: A systematic review, with or without a meta-analysis, should be undertaken to determine if the research question of interest has already been answered before a new trial begins. There has been limited research on how systematic reviews are used within the design of new trials, the aims of this study were to investigate how systematic reviews of earlier trials are used in the planning and design of new randomised trials. METHODS: Documentation from the application process for all randomised trials funded by the National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment (NIHR HTA) between 2006 and 2008 were obtained. This included the: commissioning brief (if appropriate), outline application, minutes of the Board meeting in which the outline application was discussed, full application, detailed project description, referee comments, investigator response to referee comments, Board minutes on the full application and the trial protocol. Data were extracted on references to systematic reviews and how any such reviews had been used in the planning and design of the trial. RESULTS: 50 randomised trials were funded by NIHR HTA during this period and documentation was available for 48 of these. The cohort was predominately individually randomised parallel trials aiming to detect superiority between two treatments for a single primary outcome. 37 trials (77.1%) referenced a systematic review within the application and 20 of these (i.e. 41.7% of the total) used information contained in the systematic review in the design or planning of the new trial. The main areas in which systematic reviews were used were in the selection or definition of an outcome to be measured in the trial (7 of 37, 18.9%), the sample size calculation (7, 18.9%), the duration of follow up (8, 21.6%) and the approach to describing adverse events (9, 24.3%). Boards did not comment on the presence/absence or use of systematic reviews in any application. CONCLUSIONS: Systematic reviews were referenced in most funded applications but just over half of these used the review to inform the design. There is an expectation from funders that applicants will use a systematic review to justify the need for a new trial but no expectation regarding further use of a systematic review to aid planning and design of the trial. Guidelines for applicants and funders should be developed to promote the use of systematic reviews in the design and planning of randomised trials, to optimise delivery of new studies informed by the most up-to-date evidence base and to minimise waste in research

    Creators of Ipswich report

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    This report is aimed to provide a summary of the findings from a survey conducted in October, 2020 and the additional research that deals with the notion of the Creative Economy. The report offers clarity around the current state of play for the local creative community. Opportunities for leadership, growth and development of the sector

    The economic burden of cancer in the UK: a study of survivors treated with curative intent.

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    OBJECTIVE: We aim to describe the economic burden of UK cancer survivorship for breast, colorectal and prostate cancer patients treated with curative intent, 1 year post-diagnosis. METHODS: Patient-level data were collected over a 3-month period 12-15 months post-diagnosis to estimate the monthly societal costs incurred by cancer survivors. Self-reported resource utilisation data were obtained via the electronic Patient-reported Outcomes from Cancer Survivors system and included community-based health and social care, medications, travel costs and informal care. Hospital costs were retrieved through data linkage. Multivariate regression analysis was used to examine cost predictors. RESULTS: Overall, 298 patients were included in the analysis, including 136 breast cancer, 83 colorectal cancer and 79 prostate cancer patients. The average monthly societal cost was US409(95US409 (95%CI: US316-US502)[mean:£260,95US502) [mean: £260, 95%CI: £198-£322] and was incurred by 92% of patients. This was divided into costs to the National Health Service (mean: US279, 95%CI: US207US207-US351) [mean: £177, 95%CI: £131-£224], patients' out-of-pocket (OOP) expenses (mean: US40,95US40, 95%CI: US15-US65)[mean:£25,95US65) [mean: £25, 95%CI: £9-£42] and the cost of informal care (mean: US110, 95%CI: US57US57-US162) [mean: £70, 95%CI: £38-£102]. The distribution of costs was skewed with a small number of patients incurring very high costs. Multivariate analyses showed higher societal costs for breast cancer patients. Significant predictors of OOP costs included age and socioeconomic deprivation. CONCLUSIONS: This study found the economic burden of cancer survivorship is unevenly distributed in the population and that cancer survivors may still incur substantial costs over 1 year post-diagnosis. In addition, this study illustrates the feasibility of using an innovative online data collection platform to collect patient-reported resource utilisation information. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd