315 research outputs found

### Reversors and Symmetries for Polynomial Automorphisms of the Plane

We obtain normal forms for symmetric and for reversible polynomial
automorphisms (polynomial maps that have polynomial inverses) of the plane. Our
normal forms are based on the generalized \Henon normal form of Friedland and
Milnor. We restrict to the case that the symmetries and reversors are also
polynomial automorphisms. We show that each such reversor has finite-order, and
that for nontrivial, real maps, the reversor has order 2 or 4. The normal forms
are shown to be unique up to finitely many choices. We investigate some of the
dynamical consequences of reversibility, especially for the case that the
reversor is not an involution.Comment: laTeX with 5 figures. Added new sections dealing with symmetries and
an extensive discussion of the reversing symmetry group

### Heteroclinic orbits and transport in a perturbed integrable Suris map

Explicit formulae are given for the saddle connection of an integrable family
of standard maps studied by Y. Suris. When the map is perturbed this connection
is destroyed, and we use a discrete version of Melnikov's method to give an
explicit formula for the first order approximation of the area of the lobes of
the resultant turnstile. These results are compared with computations of the
lobe area.Comment: laTex file with 6 eps figure

### Generating Forms for Exact Volume-Preserving Maps

We study the group of volume-preserving diffeomorphisms on a manifold. We
develop a general theory of implicit generating forms. Our results generalize
the classical formulas for generating functions of symplectic twist maps.Comment: laTeX, 20 pages, 1 figur

### Transport in Transitory Dynamical Systems

We introduce the concept of a "transitory" dynamical system---one whose
time-dependence is confined to a compact interval---and show how to quantify
transport between two-dimensional Lagrangian coherent structures for the
Hamiltonian case. This requires knowing only the "action" of relevant
heteroclinic orbits at the intersection of invariant manifolds of "forward" and
"backward" hyperbolic orbits. These manifolds can be easily computed by
leveraging the autonomous nature of the vector fields on either side of the
time-dependent transition. As illustrative examples we consider a
two-dimensional fluid flow in a rotating double-gyre configuration and a simple
one-and-a-half degree of freedom model of a resonant particle accelerator. We
compare our results to those obtained using finite-time Lyapunov exponents and
to adiabatic theory, discussing the benefits and limitations of each method.Comment: Updated and corrected version. LaTeX, 29 pages, 21 figure

### Quadratic Volume-Preserving Maps: Invariant Circles and Bifurcations

We study the dynamics of the five-parameter quadratic family of
volume-preserving diffeomorphisms of R^3. This family is the unfolded normal
form for a bifurcation of a fixed point with a triple-one multiplier and also
is the general form of a quadratic three-dimensional map with a quadratic
inverse. Much of the nontrivial dynamics of this map occurs when its two fixed
points are saddle-foci with intersecting two-dimensional stable and unstable
manifolds that bound a spherical ``vortex-bubble''. We show that this occurs
near a saddle-center-Neimark-Sacker (SCNS) bifurcation that also creates, at
least in its normal form, an elliptic invariant circle. We develop a simple
algorithm to accurately compute these elliptic invariant circles and their
longitudinal and transverse rotation numbers and use it to study their
bifurcations, classifying them by the resonances between the rotation numbers.
In particular, rational values of the longitudinal rotation number are shown to
give rise to a string of pearls that creates multiple copies of the original
spherical structure for an iterate of the map.Comment: 53 pages, 29 figure

### Chaotic dynamics of three-dimensional H\'enon maps that originate from a homoclinic bifurcation

We study bifurcations of a three-dimensional diffeomorphism, $g_0$, that has
a quadratic homoclinic tangency to a saddle-focus fixed point with multipliers
(\lambda e^{i\vphi}, \lambda e^{-i\vphi}, \gamma), where
$0<\lambda<1<|\gamma|$ and $|\lambda^2\gamma|=1$. We show that in a
three-parameter family, g_{\eps}, of diffeomorphisms close to $g_0$, there
exist infinitely many open regions near \eps =0 where the corresponding
normal form of the first return map to a neighborhood of a homoclinic point is
a three-dimensional H\'enon-like map. This map possesses, in some parameter
regions, a "wild-hyperbolic" Lorenz-type strange attractor. Thus, we show that
this homoclinic bifurcation leads to a strange attractor. We also discuss the
place that these three-dimensional H\'enon maps occupy in the class of
quadratic volume-preserving diffeomorphisms.Comment: laTeX, 25 pages, 6 eps figure

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