84,862 research outputs found

    Tuning electronic structure of graphene via tailoring structure: theoretical study

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    Electronic structures of graphene sheet with different defective patterns are investigated, based on the first principles calculations. We find that defective patterns can tune the electronic structures of the graphene significantly. Triangle patterns give rise to strongly localized states near the Fermi level, and hexagonal patterns open up band gaps in the systems. In addition, rectangular patterns, which feature networks of graphene nanoribbons with either zigzag or armchair edges, exhibit semiconducting behaviors, where the band gap has an evident dependence on the width of the nanoribbons. For the networks of the graphene nanoribbons, some special channels for electronic transport are predicted.Comment: 5 figures, 6 page

    Checking the transverse Ward-Takahashi relation at one loop order in 4-dimensions

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    Some time ago Takahashi derived so called {\it transverse} relations relating Green's functions of different orders to complement the well-known Ward-Green-Takahashi identities of gauge theories by considering wedge rather than inner products. These transverse relations have the potential to determine the full fermion-boson vertex in terms of the renormalization functions of the fermion propagator. He & Yu have given an indicative proof at one-loop level in 4-dimensions. However, their construct involves the 4th rank Levi-Civita tensor defined only unambiguously in 4-dimensions exactly where the loop integrals diverge. Consequently, here we explicitly check the proposed transverse Ward-Takahashi relation holds at one loop order in dd-dimensions, with d=4+ϵd=4+\epsilon.Comment: 20 pages, 3 figures This version corrects and clarifies the previous result. This version has been submitted for publicatio

    Probing Electroweak Symmetry Breaking Mechanism at the LHC: A Guideline from Power Counting Analysis

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    We formulate the equivalence theorem as a theoretical criterion for sensitively probing the electroweak symmetry breaking mechanism, and develop a precise power counting method for the chiral Lagrangian formulated electroweak theories. Armed with these, we perform a systematic analysis on the sensitivities of the scattering processes W±W±W±W±W^\pm W^\pm \rightarrow W^\pm W^\pm and qqˉW±Zq\bar{q}'\rightarrow W^\pm Z for testing all possible effective bosonic operators in the chiral Lagrangian formulated electroweak theories at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The analysis shows that these two kinds of processes are "complementary" in probing the electroweak symmetry breaking sector.Comment: Extended version, 11-page-Latex-file and 3 separate PS-Figs. To be Published in Mod.Phys.Lett.