26,886 research outputs found

    Odd-parity topological superconductor with nematic order: Application to CuxBi2Se3

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    CuxBi2Se3 was recently proposed as a promising candidate for time-reversal-invariant topological superconductors[1]. In this work, we argue that the unusual anisotropy of the Knight shift observed by Zheng[2], taken together with specific heat measurements, provides strong support for an unconventional odd-parity pairing in the two-dimensional E_u representation of the D3d crystal point group[1], which spontaneously breaks the three-fold rotational symmetry of the crystal, leading to a subsidiary nematic order. We predict that the spin-orbit interaction associated with hexagonal warping plays a crucial role in pinning the two-component order parameter and makes the superconducting state fully-gapped, leading to a topological superconductor. Experimental signatures of the E_u pairing related to the nematic order are discussed.Comment: accepted by Phys. Rev. B Rapid Communicatio

    Parity-breaking phases of spin-orbit-coupled metals with gyrotropic, ferroelectric and multipolar orders

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    We study Fermi liquid instabilities in spin-orbit-coupled metals with inversion symmetry. By introducing a canonical basis for the doubly degenerate Bloch bands in momentum space, we derive the general form of interaction functions. A variety of time-reversal-invariant, parity-breaking phases is found, whose Fermi surface is spontaneously deformed and spin-split. In terms of symmetry, these phases possess gyrotropic, ferroelectric and multipolar orders. The ferroelectric and multipolar phases are accompanied by structural distortions, from which the electronic orders can be identified. The gyrotropic phase exhibits a unique nonlinear optical property. Based on recent experiments, we identify several interesting quantum materials including pyrochlore oxides, which show evidence of these parity breaking orders.Comment: 5 page

    Topological Crystalline Insulators

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    The recent discovery of topological insulators has revived interest in the topological properties of insulating band structures. In this work, we extend the topological classification of insulating band structures to include certain point group symmetry of crystals. We find a class of three-dimensional "topological crystalline insulators" which have metallic surface states on certain high symmetry crystal surfaces. These topological crystalline insulators can be viewed as the counterpart of topological insulators in materials without spin-orbit coupling. Their surface states have quadratic band degeneracy instead of linear Dirac dispersion. Their band structures are characterized by new Z2 invariants. We hope this work will enlarge the family of topological phases in band insulators and stimulate the search for them in real materials.Comment: published version, added an appendix on the stability of surface state

    Majorana Superconducting Qubit

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    We propose a platform for universal quantum computation that uses conventional ss-wave superconducting leads to address a topological qubit stored in spatially separated Majorana bound states in a multi-terminal topological superconductor island. Both the manipulation and read-out of this "Majorana superconducting qubit" are realized by tunnel couplings between Majorana bound states and the superconducting leads. The ability of turning on and off tunnel couplings on-demand by local gates enables individual qubit addressability while avoiding cross-talk errors. By combining the scalability of superconducting qubit and the robustness of topological qubits, the Majorana superconducting qubit may provide a promising and realistic route towards quantum computation

    Topological Crystalline Insulators and Topological Superconductors: From Concepts to Materials

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    In this review, we discuss recent progress in the explorations of topological materials beyond topological insulators; specifically, we focus on topological crystalline insulators and bulk topological superconductors. The basic concepts, model Hamiltonians, and novel electronic properties of these new topological materials are explained. The key role of symmetries that underlie their topological properties is elucidated. Key issues in their materials realizations are also discussed.Comment: 27 pages, 5 figures, 150 references; invited review article to be published in Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics, Volume