8 research outputs found

    Associations between nurse‚Äďpatient interaction and sense of coherence among cognitively intact nursing home residents

    Get PDF
    Aim: To investigate the association between nurse‚Äďpatient interaction and sense of coherence among cognitively intact nursing home residents. Method: In a cross-sectional design, data were collected in 2017 and 2018 using the Nurse‚ÄďPatient Interaction Scale (NPIS) and the 13-item Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13). Of the 204 cognitively intact nursing home residents who met the inclusion criteria, 188 (92%) participated, representing 27 nursing homes. Multiple regression in a general linear model estimated the possible effects of the 14 NPIS items on SOC-13 sum score, the possible effects of the NPIS (sum score) on SOC-13 (sum score) as well as on the subdimensions of SOC-13, comprehensibility, meaningfulness, and manageability (both without and with adjusting for sex and age). Results: Four of the 14 NPIS items revealed highly significant correlations with SOC-13 (sum score; unadjusted and adjusted for age and gender). Furthermore, the analysis adjusted for age and gender showed significant associations for NPIS (sum score) with SOC-13 (sum score), manageability, and comprehensibility. The correlation between NPIS and meaningfulness was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Nurse‚Äďpatient interaction is significantly associated with SOC-13 and its subdimensions of comprehensibility and manageability but not meaningfulness. Nurse‚Äďpatient interaction might be an important resource in relation to residents‚Äô sense of coherence and its subdimensions.publishedVersio

    A high-resolution hindcast of wind and waves for The North Sea, The Norwegian Sea and The Barents Sea

    Get PDF
    A combined high-resolution atmospheric downscaling and wave hindcast based on the ERA-40 reanalysis covering the Norwegian Sea, the North Sea and the Barents Sea is presented. The period covered is from September 1957 to August 2002. The dynamic atmospheric downscaling is performed as a series of short prognostic runs initialized from a blend of ERA-40 and the previous prognostic run to preserve the fine-scale surface features from the high-resolution model while maintaining the large-scale synoptic field from ERA-40. The nested WAM wave model hindcast consists of a coarse 50 km model covering the North Atlantic forced with ERA-40 winds and a nested 10-11 km resolution model forced with downscaled winds. A comparison against in situ and satellite observations of wind and sea state reveals significant improvement in mean values and upper percentiles of wind vectors and the significant wave height over ERA-40. Improvement is also found in the mean wave period. ERA-40 is biased low in wind speed and significant wave height, a bias which is not reproduced by the downscaling. The atmospheric downscaling also reproduces polar lows, which can not be resolved by ERA-40, but the lows are too weak and short-lived as the downscaling is not capable of capturing their full life cycle.Comment: 34 pages, 12 figures, 6 table

    Associations between nurse‚Äďpatient interaction and sense of coherence among cognitively intact nursing home residents

    No full text
    Aim: To investigate the association between nurse‚Äďpatient interaction and sense of coherence among cognitively intact nursing home residents. Method: In a cross-sectional design, data were collected in 2017 and 2018 using the Nurse‚ÄďPatient Interaction Scale (NPIS) and the 13-item Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13). Of the 204 cognitively intact nursing home residents who met the inclusion criteria, 188 (92%) participated, representing 27 nursing homes. Multiple regression in a general linear model estimated the possible effects of the 14 NPIS items on SOC-13 sum score, the possible effects of the NPIS (sum score) on SOC-13 (sum score) as well as on the subdimensions of SOC-13, comprehensibility, meaningfulness, and manageability (both without and with adjusting for sex and age). Results: Four of the 14 NPIS items revealed highly significant correlations with SOC-13 (sum score; unadjusted and adjusted for age and gender). Furthermore, the analysis adjusted for age and gender showed significant associations for NPIS (sum score) with SOC-13 (sum score), manageability, and comprehensibility. The correlation between NPIS and meaningfulness was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Nurse‚Äďpatient interaction is significantly associated with SOC-13 and its subdimensions of comprehensibility and manageability but not meaningfulness. Nurse‚Äďpatient interaction might be an important resource in relation to residents‚Äô sense of coherence and its subdimensions

    Associations between nurse‚Äďpatient interaction and sense of coherence among cognitively intact nursing home residents

    No full text
    Aim: To investigate the association between nurse‚Äďpatient interaction and sense of coherence among cognitively intact nursing home residents. Method: In a cross-sectional design, data were collected in 2017 and 2018 using the Nurse‚ÄďPatient Interaction Scale (NPIS) and the 13-item Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13). Of the 204 cognitively intact nursing home residents who met the inclusion criteria, 188 (92%) participated, representing 27 nursing homes. Multiple regression in a general linear model estimated the possible effects of the 14 NPIS items on SOC-13 sum score, the possible effects of the NPIS (sum score) on SOC-13 (sum score) as well as on the subdimensions of SOC-13, comprehensibility, meaningfulness, and manageability (both without and with adjusting for sex and age). Results: Four of the 14 NPIS items revealed highly significant correlations with SOC-13 (sum score; unadjusted and adjusted for age and gender). Furthermore, the analysis adjusted for age and gender showed significant associations for NPIS (sum score) with SOC-13 (sum score), manageability, and comprehensibility. The correlation between NPIS and meaningfulness was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Nurse‚Äďpatient interaction is significantly associated with SOC-13 and its subdimensions of comprehensibility and manageability but not meaningfulness. Nurse‚Äďpatient interaction might be an important resource in relation to residents‚Äô sense of coherence and its subdimensions

    Omskj√¶ring hos kvinner bosatt i Norge ‚Äď konsekvenser og behandling

    No full text
    BAKGRUNN Poliklinikktilbud for kvinner som har gjennomg√•tt omskj√¶ring finnes ved syv norske sykehus. I v√•r studie presenteres symptomer, funn og behandling hos kvinner som ble unders√łkt ved poliklinikkene i perioden 2004‚Äď15. MATERIALE OG METODE Hvert sykehus identifiserte pasienter ved s√łk etter relevante diagnose- og behandlingskoder. Alle som hadde v√¶rt til unders√łkelse ved poliklinikkene, ble inkludert. Data ble innhentet fra journaler. RESULTATER 913 kvinner ble inkludert. Median alder ved omskj√¶ring var syv √•r og ved konsultasjon 26 √•r. N√¶r halvparten var gravide. De fleste (81 %) hadde type 3-omskj√¶ring (infibulering). Av disse hadde 87 % gynekologiske plager. Blant kvinner med omskj√¶ring type 1 og type 2 rapporterte henholdsvis 55 % og 70 % gynekologiske plager. I alt 64 % fikk kirurgisk behandling, hovedsakelig deinfibulering (98 %). Det var registrert f√• komplikasjoner etter deinfibulering. FORTOLKNING Hos mange yngre og ikke-gravide infibulerte kvinner kan omskj√¶ringsrelaterte plager som kan behandles med deinfibulering, ha v√¶rt til stede fra barne- og ungdomsalder. Det finnes trolig et udekket behandlingsbehov blant omsk√•rne kvinner, uavhengig av omskj√¶ringstype

    Gender Empowerment and United Nations Peacebuilding

    No full text
    Previous studies have suggested that societies where women have higher social and economic status and greater political representation are less likely to become involved in conflict. In this article, the author argues that the prospects for successful post-conflict peacebuilding under the auspices of the United Nations (UN) are generally better in societies where women have greater levels of empowerment. Women's status in a society reflects the existence of multiple social networks and domestic capacity not captured by purely economic measures of development such as GDP per capita. In societies where women have relatively higher status, women have more opportunities to express a voice in the peacemaking process and to elicit broader domestic participation in externally led peacekeeping operations. This higher level of participation in turn implies that UN Peacekeeping operations can tap into great social capital and have better prospects for success. An empirical analysis of post-conflict cases with a high risk of conflict recurrence shows that UN peacekeeping operations have been significantly more effective in societies in which women have relatively higher status. By contrast, UN peacekeeping operations in countries where women have comparatively lower social status are much less likely to succeed. </jats:p
    corecore