49,193 research outputs found

    Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): linking star formation histories and stellar mass growth

    Get PDF
    We present evidence for stochastic star formation histories in low-mass (M* < 1010 M⊙) galaxies from observations within the Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey. For ˜73 000 galaxies between 0.05 < z < 0.32, we calculate star formation rates (SFR) and specific star formation rates (SSFR = SFR/M*) from spectroscopic Hα measurements and apply dust corrections derived from Balmer decrements. We find a dependence of SSFR on stellar mass, such that SSFRs decrease with increasing stellar mass for star-forming galaxies, and for the full sample, SSFRs decrease as a stronger function of stellar mass. We use simple parametrizations of exponentially declining star formation histories to investigate the dependence on stellar mass of the star formation time-scale and the formation redshift. We find that parametrizations previously fit to samples of z ˜ 1 galaxies cannot recover the distributions of SSFRs and stellar masses observed in the GAMA sample between 0.05 < z < 0.32. In particular, a large number of low-mass (M* < 1010 M⊙) galaxies are observed to have much higher SSFRs than can be explained by these simple models over the redshift range of 0.05 < z < 0.32, even when invoking mass-dependent staged evolution. For such a large number of galaxies to maintain low stellar masses, yet harbour such high SSFRs, requires the late onset of a weak underlying exponentially declining star formation history with stochastic bursts of star formation superimposed

    Theoretical and experimental investigation of the physics of crystalline surfaces Quarterly status report, 1 Aug. - 31 Oct. 1968

    Get PDF
    Particle densities, elastic and inelastic scattering, electron diffraction patterns, and adsorbate influence on surface structure and work function changes on crystalline surface

    Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of the Physics of Crystalline Surfaces Second Quarterly Status Report, 1 May - 31 Jul. 1966

    Get PDF
    Single crystal metal film formation on alkali halides, crystal structure and electron emission properties of work functions, and relativistic effects on slow electron scatterin

    Theoretical and experimental investigation of the physics of crystalline surfaces Quarterly report, 1 Feb. - 30 Apr. 1967

    Get PDF
    Theoretical and experimental investigation of physics of crystalline surface

    Microscopic Approach to Nucleon Spectra in Hypernuclear Non-Mesonic Weak Decay

    Full text link
    A consistent microscopic diagrammatic approach is applied for the first time to the calculation of the nucleon emission spectra in the non-mesonic weak decay of Lambda-hypernuclei. We adopt a nuclear matter formalism extended to finite nuclei via the local density approximation, a one--meson exchange weak transition potential and a Bonn nucleon-nucleon strong potential. Ground state correlations and final state interactions, at second order in the nucleon--nucleon interaction, are introduced on the same footing for all the isospin channels of one- and two-nucleon induced decays. Single and double--coincidence nucleon spectra are predicted for 12_Lambda^C and compared with recent KEK and FINUDA data. The key role played by quantum interference terms allows us to improve the predictions obtained with intranuclear cascade codes. Discrepancies with data remain for proton emission.Comment: 11 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables. To be published in Physics Letters

    On some derivatives of phenylethers, 2

    Get PDF
    Products and the synthesis of chloronitrobenzol with certain phenolates are discussed, as is the p-oxyphenylether occasionally produced. Yield, melting point, and physical description are given for each product. The products include 2,4'-dinitrophenylether; 2,2'-dinitrophenylether; p-nitrophenylether-p-oxybenzoic acid and its methylester; p-aminophenylether-p-oxybenzoic acid, its sulfate, and its barium salt; and p-oxypenylether

    Diffusion of Monochromatic Classical Waves

    Full text link
    We study the diffusion of monochromatic classical waves in a disordered acoustic medium by scattering theory. In order to avoid artifacts associated with mathematical point scatterers, we model the randomness by small but finite insertions. We derive expressions for the configuration-averaged energy flux, energy density, and intensity for one, two and three dimensional (1D, 2D and 3D) systems with an embedded monochromatic source using the ladder approximation to the Bethe-Salpeter equation. We study the transition from ballistic to diffusive wave propagation and obtain results for the frequency-dependence of the medium properties such as mean free path and diffusion coefficient as a function of the scattering parameters. We discover characteristic differences of the diffusion in 2D as compared to the conventional 3D case, such as an explicit dependence of the energy flux on the mean free path and quite different expressions for the effective transport velocity.Comment: 11 pages, 2 figure

    Neutron matter under strong magnetic fields: a comparison of models

    Get PDF
    The equation of state of neutron matter is affected by the presence of a magnetic field due to the intrinsic magnetic moment of the neutron. Here we study the equilibrium configuration of this system for a wide range of densities, temperatures and magnetic fields. Special attention is paid to the behavior of the isothermal compressibility and the magnetic susceptibility. Our calculation is performed using both microscopic and phenomenological approaches of the neutron matter equation of state, namely the Brueckner--Hartree--Fock (BHF) approach using the Argonne V18 nucleon-nucleon potential supplemented with the Urbana IX three-nucleon force, the effective Skyrme model in a Hartree--Fock description, and the Quantum Hadrodynamic formulation with a mean field approximation. All these approaches predict a change from completely spin polarized to partially polarized matter that leads to a continuous equation of state. The compressibility and the magnetic susceptibility show characteristic behaviors, which reflect that fact. Thermal effects tend to smear out the sharpness found for these quantities at T=0. In most cases a thermal increase of 10 MeV is enough to hide the signals of the change of polarization. The set of densities and magnetic field intensities for which the system changes it spin polarization is different for each model. However, there is an overall agreement between the three theoretical descriptions.Comment: updated to correspond with the published versio
    • …