738 research outputs found

    On the weak order of Coxeter groups

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    This paper provides some evidence for conjectural relations between extensions of (right) weak order on Coxeter groups, closure operators on root systems, and Bruhat order. The conjecture focused upon here refines an earlier question as to whether the set of initial sections of reflection orders, ordered by inclusion, forms a complete lattice. Meet and join in weak order are described in terms of a suitable closure operator. Galois connections are defined from the power set of W to itself, under which maximal subgroups of certain groupoids correspond to certain complete meet subsemilattices of weak order. An analogue of weak order for standard parabolic subsets of any rank of the root system is defined, reducing to the usual weak order in rank zero, and having some analogous properties in rank one (and conjecturally in general).Comment: 37 pages, submitte

    On rigidity of abstract root systems of Coxeter systems

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    We introduce and study a combinatorially defined notion of root basis of a (real) root system of a possibly infinite Coxeter group. Known results on conjugacy up to sign of root bases of certain irreducible finite rank real root systems are extended to abstract root bases, to a larger class of real root systems, and, with a short list of (genuine) exceptions, to infinite rank irreducible Coxeter systems.Comment: 34 page

    Semidirect product decomposition of Coxeter groups

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    Let (W,S)(W,S) be a Coxeter system, let S=I‚ą™ňôJS=I \dot{\cup} J be a partition of SS such that no element of II is conjugate to an element of JJ, let J~\widetilde{J} be the set of WIW_I-conjugates of elements of JJ and let W~\widetilde{W} be the subgroup of WW generated by J~\widetilde{J}. We show that W=W~‚čäWIW=\widetilde{W} \rtimes W_I and that (W~,J~)(\widetilde{W},\widetilde{J}) is a Coxeter system.Comment: 28 pages, one table. We have added some comments on parabolic subgroups, double cosets representatives, finite and affine Weyl groups, invariant theory, Solomon descent algebr

    The nature of the observed free-electron-like state in a PTCDA monolayer on Ag(111)

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    A free-electron like band has recently been observed in a monolayer of PTCDA (3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic dianhydride) molecules on Ag(111) by two-photon photoemission [Schwalb et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 146801 (2008)] and scanning tunneling spectroscopy [Temirov et al., Nature 444, 350 (2006)]. Using density functional theory calculations, we find that the observed free-electron like band originates from the Shockley surface state band being dramatically shifted up in energy by the interaction with the adsorbed molecules while it acquires also a substantial admixture with a molecular band

    Imaginary cones and limit roots of infinite Coxeter groups

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    Let (W,S) be an infinite Coxeter system. To each geometric representation of W is associated a root system. While a root system lives in the positive side of the isotropy cone of its associated bilinear form, an imaginary cone lives in the negative side of the isotropic cone. Precisely on the isotropic cone, between root systems and imaginary cones, lives the set E of limit points of the directions of roots (see arXiv:1112.5415). In this article we study the close relations of the imaginary cone (see arXiv:1210.5206) with the set E, which leads to new fundamental results about the structure of geometric representations of infinite Coxeter groups. In particular, we show that the W-action on E is minimal and faithful, and that E and the imaginary cone can be approximated arbitrarily well by sets of limit roots and imaginary cones of universal root subsystems of W, i.e., root systems for Coxeter groups without braid relations (the free object for Coxeter groups). Finally, we discuss open questions as well as the possible relevance of our framework in other areas such as geometric group theory.Comment: v1: 63 pages, 14 figures. v2: Title changed; abstract and introduction expanded and a few typos corrected. v3: 71 pages; some further corrections after referee report, and many additions (most notably, relations with geometric group theory (7.4) and Appendix on links with Benoist's limit sets). To appear in Mathematische Zeitschrif

    Garside families in Artin-Tits monoids and low elements in Coxeter groups

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    We show that every finitely generated Artin-Tits group admits a finite Garside family, by introducing the notion of a low element in a Coxeter group and proving that the family of all low elements in a Coxeter system (W, S) with S finite includes S and is finite and closed under suffix and join with respect to the right weak order
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