24 research outputs found

    HUBUNGAN GEJALA GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) DENGAN TINGKAT KONTROL ASMA DI POLIKLINIK PARU RUMAH SAKIT UMUM ZAINOEL ABIDING BANDA ACEH PERIODE SEPTEMBER-OKTOBER 2014

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    ABSTRAKLatarBelakang: Menurut Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) tahun 2014 bahwa asma merupakan penyakit kronik saluran pernapasan yang mempengaruhi 1-18% penduduk, bervariasi diberbagai negara. Serangan asma bronkial dapat dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor salah satunya adalah gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Hubungan antara GERD dan asma pertama kali dikemukakan oleh Sir William Osler pada tahun 1892. GERD berhubungan dengan asma bronkial terutama pada asma yang tidak terkontrol. Tingkat kontrol asma lebih mengarah kepada upaya pengendalian gejala klinik penyakit termasuk perbaikan fungsi paru. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan gejala GERD dengan tingkat kontrol asma pada penderita asma bronkial di Poli Paru RSUDZA Banda Aceh periode September sampai Oktober 2014.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Pengambilan data dilakukan pada bulan September sampai Oktober 2014. Pengambilan data menggunakan teknik non probability sampling dengan menggunakan consecutive sampling pada 59 responden penderita asma bronkial. Data dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner GERDQ untuk menilai gejala GERD dan kuesioner ACT untuk menilai tingkat kontrol asma kemudian hasil penelitian dianalisis menggunakan uji Chi-Square.Hasil: Gejala GERD pada penderita asma yang tidak terkontrol yaitu sebanyak 32 responden (54,2%), sedangkan gejala GERD pada penderita asma terkontrol sebagian adalah sebanyak 4 responden (6,8%). Penderita asma yang tidak mengalami gejala GERD dan mempunyai asma tidak terkontrol adalah sebanyak 11 responden (18,6%), sedangkan penderita asma yang tidak mengalami GERD dan memiliki kontrol asma sebagian adalah sebanyak 12 responden (20,3%).Simpulan: Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara gejala GERD dengan tingkat kontrol asma pada penderita asma bronkial di Poli Paru RSUDZA Banda Aceh periode September sampai Oktober 2014 (P=0,001). Gejala klinis GERD yang paling sering dialami penderita asma adalah regurgitasi yaitu sebanyak 31 responden (86,1%).Kata Kunci: Gejala GERD, tingkat kontrol asma, asma bronkia

    ANALYSIS SISTEM PERKREDITAN BANK MANDIRI SYARIAH TERHADAP USAHA KECIL MENENGAH

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    Bank are financial’s institution as the financial between debitor and bank. Morethan, institution which is the function to allow the payment. Bank to give afacilities are credit, which is credit has given of UKM. This research the purposeto know the credit at Bank Mandiri Syariah with to UKM and analyzing credit atBank Mandiri Syariah. In the research used study case at Bank Mandiri Syariah.The research’s purpose is of credit of system of against UKM.Keywords: Bank, Credit, Usaha Kecil Menengah (UKM), System of Credit

    Implementation of Taxation Data Integration in State-Owned Enterprises to Strengthen Good Corporate Governance

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    This study aims to analyze the taxation data integration within the State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN) in strengthening Good Corporate Governance (GCG). This study is descriptive with a qualitative method and uses a content analysis approach. The authors conducted the study by doing a review of the literature on GCG and taxation. The literature comes from books, journals, regulations, policies, electronic sources, the internet, previous research results, press releases, and newspapers. The result of this study suggest that the taxation data integration within BUMN is an essential innovation means of improving corporate governance. The taxation data  integration program will indirectly make it easier for BUMN to meet their tax rights and obligation. Additional benefits of tax governance include lowering the likelihood of disputes occurring and avoiding long audit processes, which both lower taxpayer compliance costs and lessen the likelihood of potential disputes

    The Recruitment Process of the Head of Local Government by Political Parties In Malang Raya Region

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    Direct regional head elections are in the process of recruiting leaders in regions that can guarantee the representation of local people through a democratic process. In this process, theoretically and constitutionally political parties have important and strategic roles and functions. Unfortunately, the oligarchic practice that engulfed almost all political parties has internally and externally recognized the basic principles of democracy in the process of recruiting prospective leaders in the region. The democratic process is only procedural, not substantial. So far it is strongly suspected that the process of regional head elections is more colored by transactional politics. This paper aims first, to obtain an overview of the recruitment process of candidates by political parties in the regional head elections in the Malang Raya region. Second, to obtain a description that is the power of money not only in choosing candidates for the regional head, but also able to lull constituents and voters in determining the choice of regional heads. Third, to obtain an explanation of the impact of the transactional political process and the use of the power of money as well as the impact on the relationship between political parties and their constituents in the Malang Raya region

    PENGARUH UKURAN PERUSAHAAN, PROFITABILITAS DAN GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP NILAI PERUSAHAAN (Studi Kasus Pada Perusahaan Manufaktur yang Terdaftar Di Bursa Efek Indonesia 2016-2020)

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    Penelitian ini dilakukan bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh ukuran perusahaan, profitabilitas dan good corporate governance terhadap nilai perusahaan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini yaitu perusahaan manufaktur yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI) pada tahun 2016-2020. Teknik sampling yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu purposive sampling method dengan kriteria yang telah ditetapkan peneliti, sehingga diperoleh sampel penelitian sebanyak 15 perusahaan dengan keseluruhan data sejumlah 75. Metode yang digunakan yaitu metode analisis regresi linear berganda yang diolah menggunakan program SPSS 21. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan bahwa variabel ukuran perusahaan berpengaruh negatif terhadap nilai perusahaan. Besar kecilnya perusahaan tidak mempengaruhi para investor dalam menginvestasikan modalnya, akan tetapi investor lebih memilih perusahaan yang memberikan keuntungan. Variabel profitabilitas berpengaruh negatif terhadap nilai perusahaan. Artinya bahwa setiap kenaikan maupun penurunan profitabilitas pada suatu perusahaan, maka tidak akan mempengaruhi naik atau turunya nilai perusahaan. Dan variabel good corporate governance berpengaruh positif terhadap nilai perusahaan. Hal ini menunjukkan adanya jumlah kepemilikan manajemen yang tinggi maka akan berakibat meningkatnya nilai perusahaan karena kepemilikan sahamoleh manajeria

    Pengaruh ROA, CAR, LDR dan BOPO Terhadap Pertumbuhan Laba Pada Bank Umum di Indonesia yang Terdaftar di Otoritas Jasa Keuangan Tahun 2014-2018

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    This study aims to (1) to determine the effect of ROA, CAR, LDR, and BOPO influence partially to profit growth (2) to know influence of ROA, CAR, LDR, and BOPO influence simultaneously to profit growth (3) to know among ROA , CAR, LDR, and BOPO most dominant effect on profit growth. The method used in this research is quantitative method. The results of research is multiple linear regression equation Y = -31,223 + 261,741 X1 + 9,704 X2 + 6,480 X3 + 24,699 X4 + e. Partially ROA have positive significant effect with value equal to 15,690, equal to 2,014, CAR have not significant effect with value equal to 1,768, equal to 2,014, LDR have significant positive effect with value equal to 3,871, equal to 2,014, BOPO have significant positive effect with value equal to 19,159, equal to 2,014. Simultaneously ROA, CAR, LDR, and BOPO influence to profit growth with value equal to 131,670, equal to 2.58. The most dominant variable in this research is BOPO with value 19,159

    Pengaruh Latihan Foam Roller Terhadap Penurunan Efek Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness(DOMS) Otot Quadriceps Pada Pelari Marathon Di Persatuan Indorunner Surabaya

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    Background : Quadriceps muscle is the muscle that works in eccentric patterns in a run and also serves as a shock absorber. Delayed Onset Muscle soreness(Doms) is a icroscopic damage to the muscle fibers due to a continuous exercise in a long time as eccentric exercise. Foam roller serves as a tubular tool for self-massage and useful for muscle relaxation. The objective of research : To determine the effect of foam roller exercises to decrease muscle quadriceps doms effect on marathon runners in unity indorunner surabaya. The benefit of research : Provide scientific information regarding the presence or absence of the influence of foam roller exercises to decrease muscle quadriceps Doms effect on marathon runners in unity indorunner Surabaya. The method of research : This type of research is pre-experimental with pre-test and post test one group design. Result of the research : Based on the statistical test result after 72 hours p value is 0.004, which means p-value <0.05 so that Ho refused and Ha accepted. Conclusion : There effect of foam roller exercises to decrease doms effect such as pain in marathon runners in unity indorunner surabay

    Penatalaksanaan Fisioterapi Pada Kasus Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Di Rumah Sakit Dr. Moewardi Surakarta

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    Background :Carpal tunnel syndrome is one of the most common diseases of the median nerve, which is a entrapment neuropathy on wrist. With disorders such us pain, numbness, and tingling at nervus madianus innervation area. Aims of Research : To study about physiotherapy management in reducing pain, increasing muscle strength, increasing range of motion and functional activities in the case of carpal tunnel syndrome using modalities Ultra Sound (US) and neurodynamic technique. Results: After six times therapy, the obtained results for static pain is T0 : 4 to T6 : 2, motion pain T0 : 6 to T6 : 2, press pain T0 : 6 to T6 : 2, increasing range of motion T0 S: 60o-0o-50o to T6 S: 70o-0o-75o and T0 F : 20o-0o-30o, to T6 F: 20o-0o-35o. increasing muscle strenght flexor wristT0 : 4 to T6 : 5,ekstensor wristT0 : 4 to T6 : 5,radial deviasi T0 : 5 to T6 : 5, ulnar deviasiT0 : 5 to T6 : 5, indeks katzT0 : independence for 5 rating, to T6 : indepedence for 6 rating. Conclusion : Ultra Sound (US) and neurodynamic techniques can reducing pain, increasing muscle strength, increasing range of motion and functional activities of CTS (carpal tunnel syndrome) problems. Keyword : Carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS),entrapment neuropathy,nervus medianus, neurodynamis,ultra Sound (US), upper limb tension test (ULTT), paresthesia

    Development of climate-related disclosure indicators for application in Indonesia: A delphi method study

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    Indonesia is currently preparing to adopt the climate-related disclosure standard. Before this new standard is implemented effectively, the Institute of Indonesia Chartered Accountants (IAI), the Indonesia Task Force on Comprehensive Corporate Reporting (CCR) leader, recognised the importance of harmonising this standardÔÇÖs key disclosure indicators with Indonesian regulations and business characteristics. In this case, input from various constituencies may be required, particularly regarding the mechanism that enables entities with varying capabilities and levels of preparation to apply this new standard. Hence, the main objective of this paper is to develop weighted and applicable climate-related disclosure indicators. We use the Delphi method to achieve this objective by involving several experts representing various user groups that influence accounting standard formulation in Indonesia. The Delphi method is a decision-making tool that establishes an effective communication process, facilitating complex problem solving. This study finalised 44 climate-related disclosure indicators based on the results of two Delphi rounds. Overall, 48% (21/44) of climate-related disclosure indicators were identified to be highly applicable. Among these high-relevance indicators, there were 10% (2/21) Governance, 24% (5/21) Strategy, 42% (9/21) Risk Management, and 24% (5/21) Metrics and Targets indicators. Additionally, around 20% (9/44) of climate-related disclosure indicators received 100% approval from the experts. Along with various essential implications, we argue that these results provide useful additional information for the national standard setter for the climate-related disclosure standard that are efficient and less burdensome to entities
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