5,635 research outputs found

### Boundary Value Problems for the $2^{nd}$-order Seiberg-Witten Equations

It is shown that the non-homogeneous Dirichlet and Neuman problems for the
$2^{nd}$-order Seiberg-Witten equation admit a regular solution once the
$\mathcal{H}$-condition (described in the article) is satisfied. The approach
consist in applying the elliptic techniques to the variational setting of the
Seiberg-Witten equation.Comment: 19 page

### Critical vortex line length near a zigzag of pinning centers

A vortex line passes through as many pinning centers as possible on its way
from one extremety of the superconductor to the other at the expense of
increasing its self-energy. In the framework of the Ginzburg-Landau theory we
study the relative growth in length, with respect to the straight line, of a
vortex near a zigzag of defects. The defects are insulating pinning spheres
that form a three-dimensional cubic array embedded in the superconductor. We
determine the depinning transition beyond which the vortex line no longer
follows the critical zigzag path of defects.Comment: 8 pages, 25 figures with low resolution option, 1 table. To be
published in Eur. Phys. Jour.

### Effects of boundaries in mesoscopic superconductors

A thin superconducting disk, with radius $R=4\xi$ and height $H=\xi$, is
studied in the presence of an applied magnetic field parallel to its major
axis. We study how the boundaries influence the decay of the order parameter
near the edges for three-dimensional vortex states.Comment: To appear in Physica C as a special issue of M2S-HTS

### Chebyshev, Legendre, Hermite and other orthonormal polynomials in D-dimensions

We propose a general method to construct symmetric tensor polynomials in the
D-dimensional Euclidean space which are orthonormal under a general weight. The
D-dimensional Hermite polynomials are a particular case of the present ones for
the case of a gaussian weight. Hence we obtain generalizations of the Legendre
and of the Chebyshev polynomials in D dimensions that reduce to the respective
well-known orthonormal polynomials in D=1 dimensions. We also obtain new
D-dimensional polynomials orthonormal under other weights, such as the
Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein, Graphene equilibrium distribution functions and the
Yukawa potential. We calculate the series expansion of an arbitrary function in
terms of the new polynomials up to the fourth order and define orthonormal
multipoles. The explicit orthonormalization of the polynomials up to the fifth
order (N from 0 to 4) reveals an increasing number of orthonormalization
equations that matches exactly the number of polynomial coefficients indication
the correctness of the present procedure.Comment: 20 page

### Effect of the boundary condition on the vortex patterns in mesoscopic three-dimensional superconductors - disk and sphere

The vortex state of mesoscopic three-dimensional superconductors is
determined using a minimization procedure of the Ginzburg-Landau free energy.
We obtain the vortex pattern for a mesoscopic superconducting sphere and find
that vortex lines are naturally bent and are closest to each other at the
equatorial plane. For a superconducting disk with finite height, and under an
applied magnetic field perpendicular to its major surface, we find that our
method gives results consistent with previous calculations. The matching
fields, the magnetization and $H_{c3}$, are obtained for models that differ
according to their boundary properties. A change of the Ginzburg-Landau
parameters near the surface can substantially enhance $H_{c3}$ as shown here.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figures (low resolution

### Energy dependence of a vortex line length near a zigzag of pinning centers

A vortex line, shaped by a zigzag of pinning centers, is described here
through a three-dimensional unit cell containing two pinning centers positioned
symmetrically with respect to its center. The unit cell is a cube of side
$L=12\xi$, the pinning centers are insulating spheres of radius $R$, taken
within the range $0.2\xi$ to $3.0\xi$, $\xi$ being the coherence length. We
calculate the free energy density of these systems in the framework of the
Ginzburg-Landau theory.Comment: Submitted to Braz. Jour. Phys. (http://www.sbfisica.org.br/bjp) 11
pages, 6 figures, 1 table, LaTex 2

### On Exact and Approximate Solutions for Hard Problems: An Alternative Look

We discuss in an informal, general audience style the da Costa-Doria conjecture about the independence of the P = NP hypothesis and try to briefly assess its impact on practical situations in economics. The paper concludes with a discussion of the Coppe-Cosenza procedure, which is an approximate, partly heuristic algorithm for allocation problems.P vs. NP , allocation problem, assignment problem, traveling salesman, exact solution for NP problems, approximate solutions for NP problems, undecidability, incompleteness

### Three-dimensional Ginzburg-Landau simulation of a vortex line displaced by a zigzag of pinning spheres

A vortex line is shaped by a zigzag of pinning centers and we study here how
far the stretched vortex line is able to follow this path. The pinning center
is described by an insulating sphere of coherence length size such that in its
surface the de Gennes boundary condition applies. We calculate the free energy
density of this system in the framework of the Ginzburg-Landau theory and study
the critical displacement beyond which the vortex line is detached from the
pinning center.Comment: Submitted to special issue of Prammna-Journal of Physics devoted to
the Vortex State Studie

### Paramagnetic excited vortex states in superconductors

We consider excited vortex states, which are vortex states left inside a
superconductor once the external applied magnetic field is switched off and
whose energy is lower than of the normal state. We show that this state is
paramagnetic and develop here a general method to obtain its Gibbs free energy
through conformal mapping. The solution for any number of vortices in any cross
section geometry can be read off from the Schwarz - Christoffel mapping. The
method is based on the first order equations used by A. Abrikosov to discover
vortices.Comment: 14 pages, 7 figure

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