3 research outputs found

    Imaging Schottky Barriers and Ohmic Contacts in PbS Quantum Dot Devices

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    We fabricated planar PbS quantum dot devices with ohmic and Schottky type electrodes and characterized them using scanning photocurrent and photovoltage microscopies. The microscopy techniques used in this investigation allow for interrogation of the lateral depletion width and related photovoltaic properties in the planar Schottky type contacts. Titanium/QD contacts exhibited depletion widths that varied over a wide range as a function of bias voltage, while the gold/QD contacts showed ohmic behavior over the same voltage range

    Nanopatterned Electrically Conductive Films of Semiconductor Nanocrystals

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    We present the first semiconductor nanocrystal films of nanoscale dimensions that are electrically conductive and crack-free. These films make it possible to study the electrical properties intrinsic to the nanocrystals unimpeded by defects such as cracking and clustering that typically exist in larger-scale films. We find that the electrical conductivity of the nanoscale films is 180 times higher than that of drop-cast, microscopic films made of the same type of nanocrystal. Our technique for forming the nanoscale films is based on electron-beam lithography and a lift-off process. The patterns have dimensions as small as 30 nm and are positioned on a surface with 30 nm precision. The method is flexible in the choice of nanocrystal core–shell materials and ligands. We demonstrate patterns with PbS, PbSe, and CdSe cores and Zn<sub>0.5</sub>Cd<sub>0.5</sub>Se–Zn<sub>0.5</sub>Cd<sub>0.5</sub>S core–shell nanocrystals with a variety of ligands. We achieve unprecedented versatility in integrating semiconductor nanocrystal films into device structures both for studying the intrinsic electrical properties of the nanocrystals and for nanoscale optoelectronic applications

    Bias-Stress Effect in 1,2-Ethanedithiol-Treated PbS Quantum Dot Field-Effect Transistors

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    We investigate the bias-stress effect in field-effect transistors (FETs) consisting of 1,2-ethanedithiol-treated PbS quantum dot (QD) films as charge transport layers in a top-gated configuration. The FETs exhibit ambipolar operation with typical mobilities on the order of <b>μ</b><sub>e</sub> = 8 × 10<sup>–3</sup> cm<sup>2</sup> V<sup>–1</sup> s<sup>–1</sup> in n-channel operation and <b>μ</b><sub>h</sub> = 1 × 10<sup>–3</sup> cm<sup>2</sup> V<sup>–1</sup> s<sup>–1</sup> in p-channel operation. When the FET is turned on in n-channel or p-channel mode, the established drain–source current rapidly decreases from its initial magnitude in a stretched exponential decay, manifesting the bias-stress effect. The choice of dielectric is found to have little effect on the characteristics of this bias-stress effect, leading us to conclude that the associated charge-trapping process originates within the QD film itself. Measurements of bias-stress-induced time-dependent decays in the drain–source current (<i>I</i><sub>DS</sub>) are well fit to stretched exponential functions, and the time constants of these decays in n-channel and p-channel operation are found to follow thermally activated (Arrhenius) behavior. Measurements as a function of QD size reveal that the stressing process in n-channel operation is faster for QDs of a smaller diameter while stress in p-channel operation is found to be relatively invariant to QD size. Our results are consistent with a mechanism in which field-induced nanoscale morphological changes within the QD film result in screening of the applied gate field. This phenomenon is entirely recoverable, which allows us to repeatedly observe bias stress and recovery characteristics on the same device. This work elucidates aspects of charge transport in chemically treated lead chalcogenide QD films and is of relevance to ongoing investigations toward employing these films in optoelectronic devices