927 research outputs found

    Equivalence between Poly\'a-Szeg\H{o} and relative capacity inequalities under rearrangement

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    The transformations of functions acting on sublevel sets that satisfy a P\'olya-Szeg\H{o} inequality are characterized as those being induced by transformations of sets that do not increase the associated capacity.Comment: 9 page

    Second-order L2L^2-regularity in nonlinear elliptic problems

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    A second-order regularity theory is developed for solutions to a class of quasilinear elliptic equations in divergence form, including the pp-Laplace equation, with merely square-integrable right-hand side. Our results amount to the existence and square integrability of the weak derivatives of the nonlinear expression of the gradient under the divergence operator. This provides a nonlinear counterpart of the classical L2L^2-coercivity theory for linear problems, which is missing in the existing literature. Both local and global estimates are established. The latter apply to solutions to either Dirichlet or Neumann boundary value problems. Minimal regularity on the boundary of the domain is required. If the domain is convex, no regularity of its boundary is needed at all

    Plasma boosted electron beams for driving Free Electron Lasers

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    In this paper, we report results of simulations, in the framework of both EuPRAXIA \cite{Walk2017} and EuPRAXIA@SPARC\_LAB \cite{Ferr2017} projects, aimed at delivering a high brightness electron bunch for driving a Free Electron Laser (FEL) by employing a plasma post acceleration scheme. The boosting plasma wave is driven by a tens of \SI{}{\tera\watt} class laser and doubles the energy of an externally injected beam up to \GeV{1}. The injected bunch is simulated starting from a photoinjector, matched to plasma, boosted and finally matched to an undulator, where its ability to produce FEL radiation is verified to yield O(\num{e11}) photons per shot at \nm{2.7}.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figure

    Characterization of self-injected electron beams from LWFA experiments at SPARC_LAB

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    The plasma-based acceleration is an encouraging technique to overcome the limits of the accelerating gradient in the conventional RF acceleration. A plasma accelerator is able to provide accelerating fields up to hundreds of GeV/mGeV/m, paving the way to accelerate particles to several MeV over a short distance (below the millimetre range). Here the characteristics of preliminary electron beams obtained with the self-injection mechanism produced with the FLAME high-power laser at the SPARC_LAB test facility are shown. In detail, with an energy laser on focus of 1.5¬†J1.5\ J and a pulse temporal length (FWHM) of 40¬†fs40\ fs, we obtained an electron plasma density due to laser ionization of about 6√ó1018¬†cm‚ąí36 \times 10^{18}\ cm^{-3}, electron energy up to 350¬†MeV350\ MeV and beam charge in the range (50‚ąí100)¬†pC(50 - 100)\ pC.Comment: 6 pages, 11 figures, conference EAAC201

    EuPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB: the high-brightness RF photo-injector layout proposal

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    At EuPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB, the unique combination of an advanced high-brightness RF injector and a plasma-based accelerator will drive a new multi-disciplinary user-facility. The facility, that is currently under study at INFN-LNF Laboratories (Frascati, Italy) in synergy with the EuPRAXIA collaboration, will operate the plasma-based accelerator in the external injection configuration. Since in this configuration the stability and reproducibility of the acceleration process in the plasma stage is strongly influenced by the RF-generated electron beam, the main challenge for the RF injector design is related to generating and handling high quality electron beams. In the last decades of R&D activity, the crucial role of high-brightness RF photo-injectors in the fields of radiation generation and advanced acceleration schemes has been largely established, making them effective candidates to drive plasma-based accelerators as pilots for user facilities. An RF injector consisting in a high-brightness S-band photo-injector followed by an advanced X-band linac has been proposed for the EuPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB project. The electron beam dynamics in the photo-injector has been explored by means of simulations, resulting in high-brightness, ultra-short bunches with up to 3 kA peak current at the entrance of the advanced X-band linac booster. The EuPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB high-brightness photo-injector is described here together with performance optimisation and sensitivity studies aiming to actual check the robustness and reliability of the desired working point.Comment: 5 pages,5 figures, EAAC201

    Strumenti di gestione per la Rassegna Stampa on line INGV

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    The manual illustrates tools and procedures used by INGV Press Office in managing press reviews which are made available from INGV web portal. Press reviews include national, international press as well as online sources of information. Acquisition and archiving procedures used for the current press review, as well as for the historical one, starting from 1980, are described into details. Archiving and publishing procedures based on a customized version of the Web Content Management System Plone are commented step by step

    Quadrupole scan emittance measurements for the ELI-NP compton gamma source

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    The high brightness electron LINAC of the Compton Gamma Source at the ELI Nuclear Physics facility in Roma- nia is accelerating a train of 32 bunches with a nominal total charge of 250 pC and nominal spacing of 16 ns . To achieve the design gamma flux, all the bunches along the train must have the designed Twiss parameters. Beam sizes are mea- sured with optical transition radiation monitors, allowing a quadrupole scan for Twiss parameters measurements. Since focusing the whole bunch train on the screen may lead to permanent screen damage, we investigate non-conventional scans such as scans around a maximum of the beam size or scans with a controlled minimum spot size. This paper discusses the implementation issues of such a technique in the actual machine layou
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