942 research outputs found

### Some basic properties of infinite dimensional Hamiltonian systems

We consider some fundamental properties of infinite dimensional Hamiltonian systems,
both linear and nonlinear. For exemple, in the case of linear systems, we prove a symplectic
version of the teorem of M. Stone. In the general case we establish conservation of energy
and the moment function for system with symmetry. (The moment function was introduced
by B. Kostant and J .M. Souriau). For infinite dimensional systems these conservation
laws are more delicate than those for finite dimensional systems because we are dealing with
partial as opposed to ordinary differential equations

### On the Groenewold-Van Hove problem for R^{2n}

We discuss the Groenewold-Van Hove problem for R^{2n}, and completely solve
it when n = 1. We rigorously show that there exists an obstruction to
quantizing the Poisson algebra of polynomials on R^{2n}, thereby filling a gap
in Groenewold's original proof without introducing extra hypotheses. Moreover,
when n = 1 we determine the largest Lie subalgebras of polynomials which can be
unambiguously quantized, and explicitly construct all their possible
quantizations.Comment: 15 pages, Latex. Error in the proof of Prop. 3 corrected; minor
rewritin

### Sufficient conditions for the anti-Zeno effect

The ideal anti-Zeno effect means that a perpetual observation leads to an
immediate disappearance of the unstable system. We present a straightforward
way to derive sufficient conditions under which such a situation occurs
expressed in terms of the decaying states and spectral properties of the
Hamiltonian. They show, in particular, that the gap between Zeno and anti-Zeno
effects is in fact very narrow.Comment: LatEx2e, 9 pages; a revised text, to appear in J. Phys. A: Math. Ge

### Geometrical Description of Quantum Mechanics - Transformations and Dynamics

In this paper we review a proposed geometrical formulation of quantum
mechanics. We argue that this geometrization makes available mathematical
methods from classical mechanics to the quantum frame work. We apply this
formulation to the study of separability and entanglement for states of
composite quantum systems.Comment: 22 pages, to be published in Physica Script

### Equivalence of Local and Separable Realizations of the Discontinuity-Inducing Contact Interaction and Its Perturbative Renormalizability

We prove that the separable and local approximations of the
discontinuity-inducing zero-range interaction in one-dimensional quantum
mechanics are equivalent. We further show that the interaction allows the
perturbative treatment through the coupling renormalization.
Keywords: one-dimensional system, generalized contact interaction,
renormalization, perturbative expansion. PACS Nos: 3.65.-w, 11.10.Gh, 31.15.MdComment: ReVTeX 7pgs, doubl column, no figure, See also the website
http://www.mech.kochi-tech.ac.jp/cheon

### Quantum Probes of Spacetime Singularities

It is shown that there are static spacetimes with timelike curvature
singularities which appear completely nonsingular when probed with quantum test
particles. Examples include extreme dilatonic black holes and the fundamental
string solution. In these spacetimes, the dynamics of quantum particles is well
defined and uniquely determined.Comment: 12 pages, RevTeX, no figures, A few breif comments added and typos
correcte

### On perturbations of Dirac operators with variable magnetic field of constant direction

We carry out the spectral analysis of matrix valued perturbations of
3-dimensional Dirac operators with variable magnetic field of constant
direction. Under suitable assumptions on the magnetic field and on the
pertubations, we obtain a limiting absorption principle, we prove the absence
of singular continuous spectrum in certain intervals and state properties of
the point spectrum. Various situations, for example when the magnetic field is
constant, periodic or diverging at infinity, are covered. The importance of an
internal-type operator (a 2-dimensional Dirac operator) is also revealed in our
study. The proofs rely on commutator methods.Comment: 12 page

### Rigorous Real-Time Feynman Path Integral for Vector Potentials

we will show the existence and uniqueness of a real-time, time-sliced Feynman
path integral for quantum systems with vector potential. Our formulation of the
path integral will be derived on the $L^2$ transition probability amplitude via
improper Riemann integrals. Our formulation will hold for vector potential
Hamiltonian for which its potential and vector potential each carries at most a
finite number of singularities and discontinuities

### Generating Functionals and Lagrangian PDEs

We introduce the concept of Type-I/II generating functionals defined on the
space of boundary data of a Lagrangian field theory. On the Lagrangian side, we
define an analogue of Jacobi's solution to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for
field theories, and we show that by taking variational derivatives of this
functional, we obtain an isotropic submanifold of the space of Cauchy data,
described by the so-called multisymplectic form formula. We also define a
Hamiltonian analogue of Jacobi's solution, and we show that this functional is
a Type-II generating functional. We finish the paper by defining a similar
framework of generating functions for discrete field theories, and we show that
for the linear wave equation, we recover the multisymplectic conservation law
of Bridges.Comment: 31 pages; 1 figure -- v2: minor change

### The Origin of Black Hole Entropy in String Theory

I review some recent work in which the quantum states of string theory which
are associated with certain black holes have been identified and counted. For
large black holes, the number of states turns out to be precisely the
exponential of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. This provides a statistical
origin for black hole thermodynamics in the context of a potential quantum
theory of gravity.Comment: 18 pages (To appear in the proceedings of the Pacific Conference on
Gravitation and Cosmology, Seoul, Korea, February 1-6, 1996.

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