10,292 research outputs found

    The role of pinning and instability in a class of non-equilibrium growth models

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    We study the dynamics of a growing crystalline facet where the growth mechanism is controlled by the geometry of the local curvature. A continuum model, in (2+1) dimensions, is developed in analogy with the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) model is considered for the purpose. Following standard coarse graining procedures, it is shown that in the large time, long distance limit, the continuum model predicts a curvature independent KPZ phase, thereby suppressing all explicit effects of curvature and local pinning in the system, in the "perturbative" limit. A direct numerical integration of this growth equation, in 1+1 dimensions, supports this observation below a critical parametric range, above which generic instabilities, in the form of isolated pillared structures lead to deviations from standard scaling behavior. Possibilities of controlling this instability by introducing statistically "irrelevant" (in the sense of renormalization groups) higher ordered nonlinearities have also been discussed.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, references updated and minor changes in the text, to appear in Euro. Phys. J.

    Dynamics of Pulsed Flow in an Elastic Tube

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    Internal haemorrhage, often leading to cardio-vascular arrest happens to be one of the prime sources of high fatality rates in mammals. We propose a simplistic model of fluid flow to specify the location of the haemorrhagic spots, which, if located accurately, could be operated upon leading to a possible cure. The model we employ for the purpose is inspired by fluid mechanics and consists of a viscous fluid, pumped by a periodic force and flowing through an elastic tube. The analogy is with that of blood, pumped from the heart and flowing through an arte ry or vein. Our results, aided by graphical illustrations, match reasonably well with experimental observations.Comment: 6 pages and 4 figure

    On Radiative Acceleration of Jets and Outflows from Advective Disks

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    Jets and outflows are known to form out of advective accretion flows around black holes. Hard photons from the centrifugal barrier directly hit the electrons and deposit momentum on them. For optically thick flows such deposition is not efficient, but for optically thin flows matter could be accelerated to relativistic speed. In fact, even bound matter could be made free through successive deposition. We discuss these possibilities.Comment: AIP Publication, Macro include