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    Spiritual and moral foundations of craft profession training

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    The relevance of the problem under consideration stemmed from the need of revival of craft education system in Russia which focuses on training personnel for small handicraft enterprises, and it is also very important to identify, to preserve and to adapt it to the modern realities of pedagogical experience which was gained by the vocational education system in the past. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the need for development of spiritual, moral, organizational and pedagogical foundations of craft vocational education development in Russia theoretically and methodologically. The central approach to the investigation of this problem is the study and generalization of pedagogical experience which makes it possible to substantiate the tendencies of formation of a new type of vocational education in Russia. The result of the study was the substantiation of the key qualities of a master craftsman as a creative thinker and craft labour as a man-making system of knowledge and practical experience forming “multidimensional human integrity”. The statement that modern craft education should take into account the productive and transforming essence of a person as fully as possible, and thus, it should be acmeologically oriented can be considered the key conclusion. The materials of the article can be useful to practitioners and vocational education scientists, teachers and postgraduate students who are interested in the development of teaching system and personnel training system. © 2018 by the authors


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    Исследованы процессы индукции каллусогенеза различных генотипов яровой твердой пшеницы. Установлена генотипическая зависимость частоты морфогенеза. Показано, что эффективность процесса и тип каллуса обусловлены выбранным эксплантом. Установлено, что наибольшим морфогенетическим потенциалом обладают каллусы из незрелых зародышей. У морфогенетических линий, полученных из зрелых зародышей, процесс органогенеза не достигает организменного уровня, а заканчивается образованием корней (ризогенезом)