4,922 research outputs found

### The A-Stokes approximation for non-stationary problems

Let $\mathcal A$ be an elliptic tensor. A function $v\in L^1(I;LD_{div}(B))$
is a solution to the non-stationary $\mathcal A$-Stokes problem iff
\begin{align}\label{abs} \int_Q v\cdot\partial_t\phi\,dx\,dt-\int_Q \mathcal
A(\varepsilon(v),\varepsilon(\phi))\,dx\,dt=0\quad\forall\phi\in
C^{\infty}_{0,div}(Q), \end{align} where $Q:=I\times B$, $B\subset\mathbb R^d$
bounded. If the l.h.s. is not zero but small we talk about almost solutions. We
present an approximation result in the fashion of the $\mathcal A$-caloric
approximation for the non-stationary $\mathcal A$-Stokes problem. Precisely,
we show that every almost solution $v\in L^p(I;W^{1,p}_{div}(B))$,
$1<p<\infty$, can be approximated by a solution in the
$L^s(I;W^{1,s}(B))$-sense for all $s<p$. So, we extend the stationary $\mathcal
A$-Stokes approximation by Breit-Diening-Fuchs to parabolic problems

### Regularity theory for nonlinear systems of SPDEs

We consider systems of stochastic evolutionary equations of the type
$du=\mathrm{div}\,S(\nabla u)\,dt+\Phi(u)dW_t$ where $S$ is a non-linear
operator, for instance the $p$-Laplacian $S(\xi)=(1+|\xi|)^{p-2}\xi,\quad
\xi\in\mathbb R^{d\times D},$ with $p\in(1,\infty)$ and $\Phi$ grows linearly.
We extend known results about the deterministic problem to the stochastic
situation. First we verify the natural regularity: $\mathbb
E\bigg[\sup_{t\in(0,T)}\int_{G'}|\nabla u(t)|^2\,dx+\int_0^T\int_{G'}|\nabla
F(\nabla u)|^2\,dx\,dt\bigg]<\infty,$ where
$F(\xi)=(1+|\xi|)^{\frac{p-2}{2}}\xi$. If we have Uhlenbeck-structure then
$\mathbb E\big[\|\nabla u\|_q^q\big]$ is finite for all $q<\infty$

### Existence theory for stochastic power law fluids

We consider the equations of motion for an incompressible Non-Newtonian fluid
in a bounded Lipschitz domain $G\subset\mathbb R^d$ during the time intervall
$(0,T)$ together with a stochastic perturbation driven by a Brownian motion
$W$. The balance of momentum reads as $dv=\mathrm{div}\, S\,dt-(\nabla
v)v\,dt+\nabla\pi \,dt+f\,dt+\Phi(v)\,dW_t,$ where $v$ is the velocity, $\pi$
the pressure and $f$ an external volume force. We assume the common power law
model $S(\varepsilon(v))=\big(1+|\varepsilon(v)|\big)^{p-2} \varepsilon(v)$ and
show the existence of weak (martingale) solutions provided
$p>\tfrac{2d+2}{d+2}$. Our approach is based on the $L^\infty$-truncation and a
harmonic pressure decomposition which are adapted to the stochastic setting

### Electro-rheological fluids under random influences: martingale and strong solutions

We study generalised Navier--Stokes equations governing the motion of an
electro-rheological fluid subject to stochastic perturbation. Stochastic
effects are implemented through (i) random initial data, (ii) a forcing term in
the momentum equation represented by a multiplicative white noise and (iii) a
random character of the variable exponent $p=p(\omega,t,x)$ (as a result of a
random electric field). We show the existence of a weak martingale solution
provided the variable exponent satisfies $p\geq p^->\frac{3n}{n+2}$ ($p^->1$ in
two dimensions). Under additional assumptions we obtain also pathwise
solutions

### Weak Solutions for a Non-Newtonian Diffuse Interface Model with Different Densities

We consider weak solutions for a diffuse interface model of two non-Newtonian
viscous, incompressible fluids of power-law type in the case of different
densities in a bounded, sufficiently smooth domain. This leads to a coupled
system of a nonhomogenouos generalized Navier-Stokes system and a Cahn-Hilliard
equation. For the Cahn-Hilliard part a smooth free energy density and a
constant, positive mobility is assumed. Using the $L^\infty$-truncation method
we prove existence of weak solutions for a power-law exponent
$p>\frac{2d+2}{d+2}$, $d=2,3$

### Compressible fluids interacting with a linear-elastic shell

We study the Navier--Stokes equations governing the motion of an isentropic
compressible fluid in three dimensions interacting with a flexible shell of
Koiter type. The latter one constitutes a moving part of the boundary of the
physical domain. Its deformation is modeled by a linearized version of Koiter's
elastic energy. We show the existence of weak solutions to the corresponding
system of PDEs provided the adiabatic exponent satisfies $\gamma>\frac{12}{7}$
($\gamma>1$ in two dimensions). The solution exists until the moving boundary
approaches a self-intersection. This provides a compressible counterpart of the
results in [D. Lengeler, M. \Ruzicka, Weak Solutions for an Incompressible
Newtonian Fluid Interacting with a Koiter Type Shell. Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal.
211 (2014), no. 1, 205--255] on incompressible Navier--Stokes equations

### Stochastic compressible Euler equations and inviscid limits

We prove the existence of a unique local strong solution to the stochastic
compressible Euler system with nonlinear multiplicative noise. This solution
exists up to a positive stopping time and is strong in both the PDE and
probabilistic sense. Based on this existence result, we study the inviscid
limit of the stochastic compressible Navier--Stokes system. As the viscosity
tends to zero, any sequence of finite energy weak martingale solutions
converges to the compressible Euler system.Comment: 26 page

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