1,077 research outputs found

    The Role of Replication-Invariance: Two Answers Concerning the Problem of Fair Division when Preferences are Single-Peaked

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    We consider the problem of allocating an infinitely divisible commodity among a group of agents with single-peaked preferences. A rule that has played a central role in the previous analysis of the problem is the so-called uniform rule. Thomson (1995a) proved that the uniform rule is the only rule satisfying Pareto optimality, no-envy, one-sided population-monotonicity, and replication-invariance. Replacing one-sided population-monotonicity by one-sided replacement-domination} yields another characterization of the uniform rule (Thomson, 1997a). Until now, the independence of replication-invariance from the other properties in these characterizations was an open problem. In this note we prove this independence by means of a single example.microeconomics ;

    Competition and Resource Sensitivity in Marriage and Roommate Markets

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    We consider one-to-one matching markets in which agents can either be matched as pairs or remain single. In these so-called roommate markets agents are consumers and resources at the same time. We investigate two new properties that capture the effect newcomers have on incumbent agents. Competition sensitivity focuses on newcomers as additional consumers and requires that some incumbents will suffer if competition is caused by newcomers. Resource sensitivity focuses on newcomers as additional resources and requires that this is beneficial for some incumbents. For solvable roommate markets, we provide the first characterizations of the core using either competition or resource sensitivity. On the domain of all roommate markets, we obtain two associated impossibility results.core; matching; competition sensitivity; resource sensitivity; roommate market

    Competition and Resource Sensitivity in Marriage and Roommate Markets

    Get PDF
    We consider one-to-one matching markets in which agents can either be matched as pairs or remain single. In these so-called roommate markets agents are consumers and resources at the same time. We investigate two new properties that capture the effect a newcomer has on incumbent agents. Competition sensitivity focuses on the newcomer as additional consumer and requires that some incumbents will suffer if competition is caused by a newcomer. Resource sensitivity focuses on the newcomer as additional resource and requires that this is beneficial for some incumbents. For solvable roommate markets, we provide the first characterizations of the core using either competition or resource sensitivity. On the domain of all roommate markets, we obtain two associated impossibility results.Core, Matching, Competition Sensitivity, Resource Sensitivity, Roommate Market.

    Competition and Resource Sensitivity in Marriage and Roommate Markets

    Get PDF
    We consider one-to-one matching markets in which agents can either be matched as pairs or remain single. In these so-called roommate markets agents are consumers and resources at the same time. We investigate two new properties that capture the effect a newcomer has on incumbent agents. Competition sensitivity focuses on the newcomer as additional consumer and requires that some incumbents will suffer if competition is caused by a newcomer. Resource sensitivity focuses on the newcomer as additional resource and requires that this is beneficial for some incumbents. For solvable roommate markets, we provide the first characterizations of the core using either competition or resource sensitivity. On the class of all roommate markets, we obtain two associated impossibility results.microeconomics ;

    The Coordinate-Wise Core for Multiple-Type Housing Markets is Second-Best Incentive Compatible

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    We consider the generalization of Shapley and Scarf''s (1974) model of trading indivisible objects (houses) to so-called multiple-type housing markets. We show (Theorem 1) that the prominent solution for these markets, the coordinate-wise core rule, is second-best incentive compatible. In other words, there exists no other strategy-proof trading rule that Pareto dominates the coordinate-wise core rule. Given that for multiple-type housing markets Pareto efficiency, strategy-proofness, and individual rationality are not compatible, by Theorem 1 we show that applying the coordinate-wise core rule is a minimal concession with respect to Pareto efficiency while preserving strategy-proofness and individual rationality.microeconomics ;
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