158 research outputs found

### How to excite the internal modes of sine-Gordon solitons

We investigate the dynamics of the sine-Gordon solitons perturbed by
spatiotemporal external forces. We prove the existence of internal (shape)
modes of sine-Gordon solitons when they are in the presence of inhomogeneous
space-dependent external forces, provided some conditions (for these forces)
hold. Additional periodic time-dependent forces can sustain oscillations of the
soliton width. We show that, in some cases, the internal mode even can become
unstable, causing the soliton to decay in an antisoliton and two solitons. In
general, in the presence of spatiotemporal forces the soliton behaves as a
deformable (non-rigid) object. A soliton moving in an array of inhomogeneities
can also present sustained oscillations of its width. There are very important
phenomena (like the soliton-antisoliton collisions) where the existence of
internal modes plays a crucial role. We show that, under some conditions, the
dynamics of the soliton shape modes can be chaotic. A short report of some of
our results has been published in [J. A. Gonzalez et al., Phys. Rev. E, 65
(2002) 065601(R)].Comment: 14 .eps figures.To appear in Chaos, Solitons and Fractal

### Spatiotemporal chaotic dynamics of solitons with internal structure in the presence of finite-width inhomogeneities

We present an analytical and numerical study of the Klein-Gordon kink-soliton
dynamics in inhomogeneous media. In particular, we study an external field that
is almost constant for the whole system but that changes its sign at the center
of coordinates and a localized impurity with finite-width. The soliton solution
of the Klein-Gordon-like equations is usually treated as a structureless
point-like particle. A richer dynamics is unveiled when the extended character
of the soliton is taken into account. We show that interesting spatiotemporal
phenomena appear when the structure of the soliton interacts with finite-width
inhomogeneities. We solve an inverse problem in order to have external
perturbations which are generic and topologically equivalent to well-known
bifurcation models and such that the stability problem can be solved exactly.
We also show the different quasiperiodic and chaotic motions the soliton
undergoes as a time-dependent force pumps energy into the traslational mode of
the kink and relate these dynamics with the excitation of the shape modes of
the soliton.Comment: 10 pages Revtex style article, 22 gziped postscript figures and 5 jpg
figure

### Geometrical resonance in spatiotemporal systems

We generalize the concept of geometrical resonance to perturbed sine-Gordon,
Nonlinear Schrödinger and Complex Ginzburg-Landau equations. Using this
theory we can control different dynamical patterns. For instance, we can
stabilize breathers and oscillatory patterns of large amplitudes successfully
avoiding chaos. On the other hand, this method can be used to suppress
spatiotemporal chaos and turbulence in systems where these phenomena are
already present. This method can be generalized to even more general
spatiotemporal systems.Comment: 2 .epl files. Accepted for publication in Europhysics Letter

### Symplectic connections, Noncommutative Yang Mills theory and Supermembranes

In built noncommutativity of supermembranes with central charges in eleven
dimensions is disclosed. This result is used to construct an action for a
noncommutative supermembrane where interesting topological terms appear. In
order to do so, we first set up a global formulation for noncommutative Yang
Mills theory over general symplectic manifolds. We make the above constructions
following a pure geometrical procedure using the concept of connections over
Weyl algebra bundles on symplectic manifolds. The relation between
noncommutative and ordinary supermembrane actions is discussed.Comment: 18 page

### Intrinsic Moment of Inertia of Membranes as bounds for the mass gap of Yang-Mills Theories

We obtain the precise condition on the potentials of Yang-Mills theories in
0+1 dimensions and D0 brane quantum mechanics ensuring the discretness of the
spectrum. It is given in terms of a moment of inertia of the membrane. From it
we obtain a bound for the mass gap of any D+1 Yang-Mills theory in the
slow-mode regime. In particular we analyze the physical case D=3. The quantum
mechanical behavior of the theories, concerning its spectrum, is determined by
harmonic oscillators with frequencies given by the inertial tensor of the
membrane. We find a class of quantum mechanic potential polynomials of any
degree, with classical instabilities that at quantum level have purely discrete
spectrum.Comment: 12pages, Latex, minor changes, more explanatory comment

### On Non Commutative G2 structure

Using an algebraic orbifold method, we present non-commutative aspects of
$G_2$ structure of seven dimensional real manifolds. We first develop and solve
the non commutativity parameter constraint equations defining $G_2$ manifold
algebras. We show that there are eight possible solutions for this extended
structure, one of which corresponds to the commutative case. Then we obtain a
matrix representation solving such algebras using combinatorial arguments. An
application to matrix model of M-theory is discussed.Comment: 16 pages, Latex. Typos corrected, minor changes. Version to appear in
J. Phys.A: Math.Gen.(2005

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