6 research outputs found

    Cougars, grannies, evil stepmothers, and menopausal hot flashers : roles, representations of age and the non-traditional romance heroine

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    Cougars, Grannies, Evil Stepmothers, and Menopausal Hot Flashers: Roles, Representations of Age and the Non-traditional Romance Heroine is an examination of the stereotyped roles of age and the under-representation of women over forty as worthy protagonists in romance fiction

    Safety and tolerability of subcutaneous trastuzumab for the adjuvant treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive early breast cancer: SafeHer phase III study's primary analysis of 2573 patients

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    ¬© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Aim To assess the safety and tolerability of adjuvant subcutaneous trastuzumab (Herceptin ¬ģ SC, H SC), delivered from an H SC Vial via hand-held syringe (Cohort A) or single-use injection device (Cohort B), with or without chemotherapy, for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive stage I to IIIC early breast cancer (EBC) in the phase III SafeHer study (NCT01566721). Methods Patients received 600 mg fixed-dose H SC every 3 weeks for 18 cycles. The chemotherapy partner was at the investigators' discretion (H SC monotherapy was limited to ‚ȧ10% of the population). Data from the first H SC dose until 28 days (plus a 5-day window) after the last dose are presented. Results are descriptive. Results In the overall population, 2282/2573 patients (88.7%) experienced adverse events (AEs). Of the above, 128 (5.0%) patients experienced AEs leading to study drug discontinuation; 596 (23.2%) experienced grade ‚Č• 3 AEs and 326 (12.7%) experienced serious AEs. Grade ‚Č• 3 cardiac disorders were reported in 24 patients (0.9%), including congestive heart failure in eight (0.3%). As expected, the AE rates varied according to the timing of chemotherapy in both cohorts, with higher rates in concurrent versus sequential chemotherapy subgroups. In the concurrent chemotherapy subgroup, AEs were more common during the actual period of concurrent chemotherapy compared with the period when patients did not receive concurrent chemotherapy. Conclusion SafeHer confirms the safety and tolerability of the H SC 600 mg fixed dose for 1 year (every 3 weeks for 18 cycles) as adjuvant therapy with concurrent or sequential chemotherapy for HER2-positive EBC. These primary analysis results are consistent with the known safety profile for intravenous H and H SC.Link_to_subscribed_fulltex

    Comprehensive genomic characterization of squamous cell lung cancers

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    Lung squamous cell carcinoma is a common type of lung cancer, causing approximately 400,000 deaths per year worldwide. Genomic alterations in squamous cell lung cancers have not been comprehensively characterized, and no molecularly targeted agents have been specifically developed for its treatment. As part of The Cancer Genome Atlas, here we profile 178 lung squamous cell carcinomas to provide a comprehensive landscape of genomic and epigenomic alterations. We show that the tumour type is characterized by complex genomic alterations, with a mean of 360 exonic mutations, 165 genomic rearrangements, and 323 segments of copy number alteration per tumour. We find statistically recurrent mutations in 11 genes, including mutation of TP53 in nearly all specimens. Previously unreported loss-of-function mutations are seen in the HLA-A class I major histocompatibility gene. Significantly altered pathways included NFE2L2 and KEAP1 in 34%, squamous differentiation genes in 44%, phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase pathway genes in 47%, and CDKN2A and RB1 in 72% of tumours. We identified a potential therapeutic target in most tumours, offering new avenues of investigation for the treatment of squamous cell lung cancers.National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA126561)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA126551)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA126554)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA126543)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA126546)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA126563)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA126544)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143845)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143858)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA144025)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143882)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143866)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143867)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143848)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143840)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143835)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143799)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143883)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U24 CA143843)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U54 HG003067)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U54 HG003079)National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (Grant U54 HG003273

    Safety and tolerability of subcutaneous trastuzumab for the adjuvant treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive early breast cancer: SafeHer phase III study's primary analysis of 2573 patients

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