24,602 research outputs found

    Finite Temperature Phase Diagramm of QCD with improved Wilson fermions

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    We present first results of a study of two flavour QCD with Wilson fermions at finite temperature. We have used tree level Symanzik improvement in both the gauge and fermion part of the action. In a first step we explore the phase diagramm on an 83×48^3 \times 4 lattice, with particular emphasis on checking Aoki's conjecture with an improved action.Comment: Talk presented at LATTICE97(finite temperature), 3 pages, 3 Postscript figure

    Operator product expansion and the short distance behavior of 3-flavor baryon potentials

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    The short distance behavior of baryon-baryon potentials defined through Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter wave functions is investigated using the operator product expansion. In a previous analysis of the nucleon-nucleon case, corresponding to the SU(3) channels 27s27_s and 10‟a\overline{10}_a, we argued that the potentials have a repulsive core. A new feature occurs for the case of baryons made up of three flavors: manifestly asymptotically attractive potentials appear in the singlet and octet channels. Attraction in the singlet channel was first indicated by quark model considerations, and recently been found in numerical lattice simulations. The latter have however not yet revealed asymptotic attraction in the octet channels; we give a speculative explanation for this apparent discrepancy.Comment: 11 pages, 2 figure

    Structure of Critical Lines in Quenched Lattice QCD with the Wilson Quark Action

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    The structure of critical lines of vanishing pion mass for the Wilson quark action is examined in quenched lattice QCD. The numerical evidence is presented that critical lines spread into five branches beyond beta=5.6-5.7 at zero temperature. It is also shown that critical lines disappear in the deconfined phase for the case of finite temperatures.Comment: 11 pages, Latex, 7 Postscript figures, uses epsf.st

    Some aspects of control of a large-scale dynamic system

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    Techniques of predicting and/or controlling the dynamic behavior of large scale systems are discussed in terms of decentralized decision making. Topics discussed include: (1) control of large scale systems by dynamic team with delayed information sharing; (2) dynamic resource allocation problems by a team (hierarchical structure with a coordinator); and (3) some problems related to the construction of a model of reduced dimension

    Chemical Abundances of the Outer Halo Stars in the Milky Way

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    We present chemical abundances of 57 metal-poor stars that are likely constituents of the outer stellar halo in the Milky Way. Almost all of the sample stars have an orbit reaching a maximum vertical distance (Z_max) of >5 kpc above and below the Galactic plane. High-resolution, high signal-to-noise spectra for the sample stars obtained with Subaru/HDS are used to derive chemical abundances of Na, Mg, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Zn, Y and Ba with an LTE abundance analysis code. The resulting abundance data are combined with those presented in literature that mostly targeted at smaller Z_max stars, and both data are used to investigate any systematic trends in detailed abundance patterns depending on their kinematics. It is shown that, in the metallicity range of -25 kpc are systematically lower (~0.1 dex) than those with smaller Z_max. This result of the lower [alpha/Fe] for the assumed outer halo stars is consistent with previous studies that found a signature of lower [alpha/Fe] ratios for stars with extreme kinematics. A distribution of the [Mg/Fe] ratios for the outer halo stars partly overlaps with that for stars belonging to the Milky Way dwarf satellites in the metallicity interval of -2<[Fe/H]<-1 and spans a range intermediate between the distributions for the inner halo stars and the stars belonging to the satellites. Our results confirm inhomogeneous nature of chemical abundances within the Milky Way stellar halo depending on kinematic properties of constituent stars as suggested by earlier studies. Possible implications for the formation of the Milky Way halo and its relevance to the suggested dual nature of the halo are discussed.Comment: 68 pages with 23 figures, Accepted for publication in PAS

    Spontaneous Flavor and Parity Breaking with Wilson Fermions

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    We discuss the phase diagram of Wilson fermions in the m0m_0--g2g^2 plane for two-flavor QCD. We argue that, as originally suggested by Aoki, there is a phase in which flavor and parity are spontaneously broken. Recent numerical results on the spectrum of the overlap Hamiltonian have been interpreted as evidence against Aoki's conjecture. We show that they are in fact consistent with the presence of a flavor-parity broken ``Aoki phase''. We also show how, as the continuum limit is approached, one can study the lattice theory using the continuum chiral Lagrangian supplemented by additional terms proportional to powers of the lattice spacing. We find that there are two possible phase structures at non-zero lattice spacing: (1) there is an Aoki phase of width Δm0∌a3\Delta m_0 \sim a^3 with two massless Goldstone pions; (2) there is no symmetry breaking, and all three pions have an equal non-vanishing mass of order aa. Present numerical evidence suggests that the former option is realized for Wilson fermions. Our analysis then predicts the form of the pion masses and the flavor-parity breaking condensate within the Aoki phase. Our analysis also applies for non-perturbatively improved Wilson fermions.Comment: 22 pages, LaTeX, 5 figures (added several references and a comment

    Tau polarization effects in the CNGS tau-neutrino appearance experiments

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    We studied tau polarization effects on the decay distributions of tau produced in the CNGS tau-neutrino appearance experiments. We show that energy and angular distributions for the decay products in the laboratory frame are significantly affected by the tau polarization. Rather strong azimuthal asymmetry about the tau momentum axis is predicted, which may have observable consequences in experiments even with small statistics.Comment: 5 pages, 6 eps figures, espcrc2.sty; Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Neutrino-Nucleus Interactions in the Few GeV Region (NuInt05), September 26-29, 2005, Okayama, Japa

    Two-dimensional Lattice Gross-Neveu Model with Wilson Fermion Action at Finite Temperature and Chemical Potential

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    We investigate the phase structure of the two-dimensional lattice Gross-Neveu model formulated with the Wilson fermion action to leading order of 1/N expansion. Structural change of the parity-broken phase under the influence of finite temperature and chemical potential is studied. The connection between the lattice phase structure and the chiral phase transition of the continuum theory is clarified.Comment: 42 pages, 20 EPS figures, using REVTe
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