2,751 research outputs found

    A clean signal for a top-like isosinglet fermion at the Large Hadron Collider

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    We predict a clean signal at the Large Hadron Collider (s)\sqrt s)=14 TeV for a scenario where there is a top-like, charge +2/3 vectorlike isosinglet fermion. Such a quark, via mixing with the standard model top, can undergo decays via both flavour-changing Z-boson coupling and flavour-changing Yukawa interactions. We concentrate on the latter channel, and study the situation where, following its pair-production, the heavy quark pair gives rise to two tops and two Higgs boson. We show that the case where each Higgs decays in the bbˉb\bar{b} channel, there can be a rather distinct and background-free signal that can unveil the existence of the vectorlike isosinglet quark of this kind.Comment: 14 pages, 5 figures, 4 table

    Triboson interpretations of the ATLAS diboson excess

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    The ATLAS excess in fat jet pair production is kinematically compatible with the decay of a heavy resonance into two gauge bosons plus an extra particle. This hypothesis would explain the absence of such a large excess in the analogous CMS analysis of fat dijet final states, as well as the negative results of diboson resonance searches in the semi-leptonic decay modes. If the extra particle is the Higgs boson, this hypothesis might also explain -statistical fluctuations aside- why the CMS search for WH resonances in the semi-leptonic channel finds some excess while in the fully hadronic one it does not have a significant deviation.Comment: LaTeX 17 pages. v2: Enlarged discussion to address CMS WH excess. v3: Added discussion of diboson helicities. Final version to appear in JHE

    Dilepton azimuthal correlations in tt production

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    The dilepton azimuthal correlation, namely the difference phi between the azimuthal angles of the positive and negative charged lepton in the laboratory frame, provides a stringent test of the spin correlation in tt production at the Large Hadron Collider. We introduce a parameterisation of the differential cross section dalpha=dphi in terms of a Fourier series and show that the third-order expansion provides a su ciently accurate approximation. This expansion can be considered as a `bridge' between theory and data, making it very simple to cast predictions in the Standard Model (SM) and beyond, and to report measurements, without the need to provide the numbers for the whole binned distribution. We show its application by giving predictions for the coeffcients in the presence of (i) an anomalous top chromomagnetic dipole moment; (ii) an anomalous tbW interaction. The methods presented greatly facilitate the study of this angular distribution, which is of special interest given the 3:2(3:7) deviation from the SM next-to-leading order prediction found by the ATLAS collaboration in Run 2 data.This work has been supported by MINECO Project FPA 2013-47836-C3-2-P (including ERDF)

    EFTfitter: A tool for interpreting measurements in the context of effective field theories

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    Over the past years, the interpretation of measurements in the context of effective field theories has attracted much attention in the field of particle physics. We present a tool for interpreting sets of measurements in such models using a Bayesian ansatz by calculating the posterior probabilities of the corresponding free parameters numerically. An example is given, in which top-quark measurements are used to constrain anomalous couplings at the Wtb-vertex.The authors would like to thank Fabian Bach, Kathrin Becker, Dominic HirschbĂŒhl and Mikolaj Misiak for their help and for the fruitful discussions. In particular, the authors would like to thank Fabian Bach for providing the code for the single-top cross sections. N.C. acknowledges the support of FCT-Portugal through the contract IF/00050/2013/CP1172/CT00

    Novel signatures for vector-like quarks

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    We consider supersymmetric extensions of the standard model with a vector-like doublet (T B) of quarks with charge 2/3 and −1/3, respectively. Compared to non-supersymmetric models, there is a variety of new decay modes for the vector-like quarks, involving the extra scalars present in supersymmetry. The importance of these new modes, yielding multi-top, multi-bottom and also multi-Higgs signals, is highlighted by the analysis of several benchmark scenarios. We show how the triangles commonly used to represent the branching ratios of the ‘standard’ decay modes of the vector-like quarks involving W, Z or Higgs bosons can be generalised to include additional channels. We give an example by recasting the limits of a recent heavy quark search for this more general case.The work of J.A. Aguilar-Saavedra has been supported by MINECO Projects FPA 2016- 78220-C3-1-P and FPA 2013-47836-C3-2-P (including ERDF), and by Junta de Andaluc a Project FQM-101. The work of D.E. L opez-Fogliani has been supported by the Argentinian CONICET. The work of C. Mu~noz has been supported in part by the Programme SEV- 2012-0249 `Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa'. D.E. L opez-Fogliani and C. Mu~noz also acknowledge the support of the Spanish grant FPA2015-65929-P (MINECO/FEDER, UE), and MINECO's Consolider-Ingenio 2010 Programme under grant MultiDark CSD2009- 00064

    Simple models for the top asymmetry: constraints and predictions

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    We perform a comprehensive study of the allowed range for the Tevatron t tbar forward-backward asymmetries in six representative new physics models: a flavour-changing Z' boson, a scalar isodoublet, a W' boson, a heavy axigluon, a colour-triplet and a colour-sextet scalar. We devote special attention to the constraints from the t tbar tail at LHC on the parameter space, which will be dramatic if the measurements agree with the SM prediction, specially for Z' and W' bosons. We also study the predictions for the charge asymmetries at LHC and compare several proposed definitions.Comment: LaTeX 27 pages. Version to appear in JHE