1,702 research outputs found

    Neutrino Oscillations at Reactors: What Next?

    Get PDF
    We shortly review past and future experiments at reactors aimed at searches for neutrino masses and mixing. We also consider new idea to search at Krasnoyarsk for small mixing angle oscillations in the atmosheric neutrino mass parameter region.Comment: 9 pages, LaTeX 2.09, 6 Postscript figures. Talk given at Non-Accelerator New Physics Conference, Dubna, 28.06-03.07.199

    The Search for Neutrino Oscillations numubar->nuebar with KARMEN

    Full text link
    The neutrino experiment KARMEN is situated at the beam stop neutrino source ISIS. It provides numu's, nue's and numubar's in equal intensities from the pi+ mu+ decay at rest (DAR). The oscillation channel numub->nueb is investigated in the appearance mode with a 56t liquid scintillation calorimeter at a mean distance of 17.7m from the nu source looking for p(nue,e+)n reactions. The cosmic induced background for this oscillation search could be reduced by a factor of 40 due to an additional veto counter installed in 1996. In the data collected through 1997 and 1998 no potential oscillation event was observed. Using a unified approach to small signals this leads to an upper limit for the mixing angle of sin**2(2t) < 1.3x10^{-3} (90%CL) at large Dm**2. The excluded area in (sin**2(2t),Dm**2) covers almost entirely the favored region defined by the LSND numub->nueb evidence.Comment: Proceedings Contribution to Neutrino98 in Takayama, Japan, June 4-9, 1998; 13 pages, including 4 figure

    The 51^{51}Cr neutrino source and Borexino: a desirable marriage

    Get PDF
    Exposure to a 51^{51}Cr neutrino source as that used in Gallex will provide an excellent overall performance test of Borexino, which should collect about 1400 source induced events, with an initial rate of about 35 counts per day. This will be particularly important if MSW-small-angle turns out to be the solution of the solar neutrino problem. In addition, if an independent, accurate calibration is available, one will have an interesting experiment on neutrino properties: as an example, a neutrino magnetic moment of the order 51011μB5\cdot10^{-11}\mu_Bcould be detected/excluded at the 90\% C.L.Comment: 7 pages, RevTeX, plus 3 postscripts figures, tarred, compresse

    Low Energy Neutrino Physics after SNO and KamLAND

    Full text link
    In the recent years important discoveries in the field of low energy neutrino physics (Eν_\nu in the \approx MeV range) have been achieved. Results of the solar neutrino experiment SNO show clearly flavor transitions from νe\nu_e to νμ,τ\nu_{\mu,\tau}. In addition, the long standing solar neutrino problem is basically solved. With KamLAND, an experiment measuring neutrinos emitted from nuclear reactors at large distances, evidence for neutrino oscillations has been found. The values for the oscillation parameters, amplitude and phase, have been restricted. In this paper the potential of future projects in low energy neutrino physics is discussed. This encompasses future solar and reactor experiments as well as the direct search for neutrino masses. Finally the potential of a large liquid scintillator detector in an underground laboratory for supernova neutrino detection, solar neutrino detection, and the search for proton decay pK+νp \to K^+ \nu is discussed.Comment: Invited brief review, World Scientific Publishing Compan

    Inverse Beta Decay in a Nonequilibrium Antineutrino Flux from a Nuclear Reactor

    Full text link
    The evolution of the reactor antineutrino spectrum toward equilibrium above the inverse beta-decay threshold during the reactor operating period and the decay of residual antineutrino radiation after reactor shutdown are considered. It is found that, under certain conditions, these processes can play a significant role in experiments seeking neutrino oscillations.Comment: 8 pages including 5 ps figure

    Billing by residents and attending physicians in family medicine: the effects of the provider, patient, and visit factors

    Get PDF
    BACKGROUND: Medical billing and coding are critical components of residency programs since they determine the revenues and vitality of residencies. It has been suggested that residents are less likely to bill higher evaluation and management (E/M) codes compared with attending physicians. The purpose of this study is to assess the variation in billing patterns between residents and attending physicians, considering provider, patient, and visit characteristics. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study of all established outpatient visits at a family medicine residency clinic over a 5-year period was performed. We employed the logistic regression methodology to identify residents' and attending physicians' variations in coding E/M service levels. We also employed Poisson regression to test the sensitivity of our result. RESULTS: Between January 5, 2009 and September 25, 2015, 98,601 visits to 116 residents and 18 attending physicians were reviewed. After adjusting for provider, patient, and visit characteristics, residents billed higher E/M codes less often compared with attending physicians for comparable visits. In comparison with attending physicians, the odds ratios for billing higher E/M codes were 0.58 (p = 0.01), 0.56 (p = 0.01), and 0.63 (p = 0.01) for the third, second, and first years of postgraduate training, respectively. In addition to the main factors of patient age, medical conditions, and number of addressed problems, the gender of the provider was also implicated in the billing variations. CONCLUSION: Residents are less likely to bill higher E/M codes than attending physicians are for similar visits. While these variations are known to contribute to lost revenues, further studies are required to explore their effect on patient care in relation to attendings' direct involvement in higher E/M-coded versus their indirect involvement in lower E/M-coded visits

    Lepton Mixing Matrix in Standard Model Extended by One Sterile Neutrino

    Full text link
    We consider the simplest extension of the standard electroweak model by one sterile neutrino that allows for neutrino masses and mixing. We find that its leptonic sector contains much less free physical parameters than previously realized. In addition to the two neutrino masses, the lepton mixing matrix in charged current interactions involves (n-1) free physical mixing angles for n generations. The mixing matrix in neutral current interactions of neutrinos is completely fixed by the two masses. Both interactions conserve CP. We illustrate the phenomenological implications of the model by vacuum neutrino oscillations, tritium beta decay and neutrinoless double beta decay. It turns out that, due to the revealed specific structure in its mixing matrix, the model with any n generations cannot accommodate simultaneously the data by KamLAND, K2K and CHOOZ.Comment: 14 pages, no figures; version 2: (1) added a short paragraph at the end of subsec 2.2 to record the counting of physical parameters for any numbers of generations and sterile neutrinos for completeness; (2) added a note in ref list, item [18] to quote and comment on an earlier work; (3) added the second paper to ref list, item [17]; (4) fixed typo
    corecore