3,941 research outputs found

    Branes at angles and calibrated geometry

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    In a recent paper, Ohta and Townsend studied the conditions which must be satisfied for a configuration of two intersecting M5-branes at angles to be supersymmetric. In this paper we extend this result to any number of M5-branes or any number of M2-branes. This is accomplished by interpreting their results in terms of calibrated geometry, which is of independent interest.Comment: 16 pages, LaTeX2e (Minor correction in next to last paragraph of section 5.2

    Planes, branes and automorphisms: I. Static branes

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    This is the first of a series of papers devoted to the group-theoretical analysis of the conditions which must be satisfied for a configuration of intersecting M5-branes to be supersymmetric. In this paper we treat the case of static branes. We start by associating (a maximal torus of) a different subgroup of Spin(10) with each of the equivalence classes of supersymmetric configurations of two M5-branes at angles found by Ohta & Townsend. We then consider configurations of more than two intersecting branes. Such a configuration will be supersymmetric if and only if the branes are G-related, where G is a subgroup of Spin(10) contained in the isotropy of a spinor. For each such group we determine (a lower bound for) the fraction of the supersymmetry which is preserved. We give examples of configurations consisting of an arbitrary number of non-coincident intersecting fivebranes with fractions: 1/32, 1/16, 3/32, 1/8, 5/32, 3/16 and 1/4, and we determine the resulting (calibrated) geometry.Comment: 26 pages (Added a reference and modified one table slightly.

    Kahler Independence of the G2-MSSM

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    The G2-MSSM is a model of particle physics coupled to moduli fields with interesting phenomenology both for colliders and astrophysical experiments. In this paper we consider a more general model - whose moduli Kahler potential is a completely arbitrary G2-holonomy Kahler potential and whose matter Kahler potential is also more general. We prove that the vacuum structure and spectrum of BSM particles is largely unchanged in this much more general class of theories. In particular, gaugino masses are still supressed relative to the gravitino mass and moduli masses. We also consider the effects of higher order corrections to the matter Kahler potential and find a connection between the nature of the LSP and flavor effects.Comment: Final version, matches the version published in JHE

    Heterotic strings on G_2 orbifolds

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    We study compactification of heterotic strings to three dimensions on orbifolds of G_2 holonomy. We consider the standard embedding and show that the gauge group is broken from E_8 x E_8 or SO(32) to F_4 x E_8 or SO(25) respectively. We also compute the spectrum of massless states and compare with the results obtained from reduction of the 10-dimensional fields. Non-standard embeddings are discussed briefly. For type II compactifications we verify that IIB and IIA have equal massless spectrum.Comment: LaTex, 21 page

    New G2-conifolds in M-theory and their field theory interpretation

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    A recent theorem of Foscolo-Haskins-Nordström [1] which constructs complete G -holonomy orbifolds from circle bundles over Calabi-Yau cones can be utilised to construct and investigate a large class of generalisations of the M-theory flop transition. We see that in many cases a UV perturbative gauge theory appears to have an infrared dual described by a smooth G -holonomy background in M-theory. Various physical checks of this proposal are carried out affirmatively. 2

    Branes at conical singularities and holography

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    For supergavrity solutions which are the product of an anti-de Sitter space with an Einstein space X, we study the relation between the amount of supersymmetry preserved and the geometry of X. Depending on the dimension and the amount of supersymmetry, the following geometries for X are possible, in addition to the maximally supersymmetric spherical geometry: Einstein-Sasaki in dimension 2k+1, 3-Sasaki in dimension 4k+3, 7-dimensional manifolds of weak G_2 holonomy and 6-dimensional nearly Kaehler manifolds. Many new examples of such manifolds are presented which are not homogeneous and have escaped earlier classification efforts. String or M theory in these vacua are conjectured to be dual to superconformal field theories. The brane solutions interpolating between these anti-de Sitter near-horizon geometries and the product of Minkowski space with a cone over X lead to an interpretation of the dual superconformal field theory as the world-volume theory for branes at a conical singularity (cone branes). We propose a description of those field theories whose associated cones are obtained by (hyper-)Kaehler quotients.Comment: 38 pages (published version

    A Comparison of Supersymmetry Breaking and Mediation Mechanisms

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    We give a unified treatment of different models of supersymmetry breaking and mediation from a four dimensional effective field theory standpoint. In particular a comparison between GMSB and various gravity mediated versions of SUSY breaking shows that, once the former is embedded within a SUGRA framework, there is no particular advantage to that mechanism from the point of view of FCNC suppression. We point out the difficulties of all these scenarios - in particular the cosmological modulus problem. We end with a discussion of possible string theory realizations.Comment: Added clarifications and references, 20 page

    Stabilizing All Kahler Moduli in Type IIB Orientifolds

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    We describe a simple and robust mechanism that stabilizes all Kahler moduli in Type IIB orientifold compactifications. This is shown to be possible with just one non-perturbative contribution to the superpotential coming from either a D3-instanton or D7-branes wrapped on an ample divisor. This moduli-stabilization mechanism is similar to and motivated by the one used in the fluxless G_2 compactifications of M-theory. After explaining the general idea, explicit examples of Calabi-Yau orientifolds with one and three Kahler moduli are worked out. We find that the stabilized volumes of all two- and four-cycles as well as the volume of the Calabi-Yau manifold are controlled by a single parameter, namely, the volume of the ample divisor. This feature would dramatically constrain any realistic models of particle physics embedded into such compactifications. Broad consequences for phenomenology are discussed, in particular the dynamical solution to the strong CP-problem within the framework.Comment: RevTeX, 24 pages, 2 tables, 1 figure

    Theory and Phenomenology of mu in M theory

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    We consider a solution to the mu-problem within M theory on a G2-manifold. Our study is based upon the discrete symmetry proposed by Witten that forbids the mu-term and solves the doublet-triplet splitting problem. We point out that the symmetry must be broken by moduli stabilization, describing in detail how this can occur. The mu-term is generated via Kahler interactions after strong dynamics in the hidden sector generate a potential which stabilizes all moduli and breaks supersymmetry with m_{3/2} ~ 20 - 30 TeV. We show that mu is suppressed relative to the gravitino mass, by higher dimensional operators, mu ~ 0.1 m_{3/2} ~ 2-3 TeV. This necessarily gives a Higgsino component to the (mostly Wino) LSP, and a small but non-negligible LSP-nucleon scattering cross-section. The maximum, spin-independent cross-sections are not within reach of the current XENON100 experiment, but are within reach of upcoming runs and upgrades.Comment: 34 pages, 3 figure
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