898 research outputs found

    Oriented Open-Closed String Theory Revisited

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    String theory on D-brane backgrounds is open-closed string theory. Given the relevance of this fact, we give details and elaborate upon our earlier construction of oriented open-closed string field theory. In order to incorporate explicitly closed strings, the classical sector of this theory is open strings with a homotopy associative A_\infty algebraic structure. We build a suitable Batalin-Vilkovisky algebra on moduli spaces of bordered Riemann surfaces, the construction of which involves a few subtleties arising from the open string punctures and cyclicity conditions. All vertices coupling open and closed strings through disks are described explicitly. Subalgebras of the algebra of surfaces with boundaries are used to discuss symmetries of classical open string theory induced by the closed string sector, and to write classical open string field theory on general closed string backgrounds. We give a preliminary analysis of the ghost-dilaton theorem.Comment: 61 pages, 19 eps figures, phyzzx, BoxedEP

    Building string field theory around non-conformal backgrounds

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    The main limitations of string field theory arise because its present formulation requires a background representing a classical solution, a background defined by a strictly conformally invariant theory. Here we sketch a construction for a gauge-invariant string field action around non-conformal backgrounds. The construction makes no reference to any conformal theory. Its two-dimensional field-theoretic aspect is based on a generalized BRST operator satisfying a set of Weyl descent equations. Its geometric aspect uses a complex of moduli spaces of two-dimensional Riemannian manifolds having ordinary punctures, and organized by the number of special punctures which goes from zero to infinity. In this complex there is a Batalin-Vilkovisky algebra that includes naturally the operator which adds one special puncture. We obtain a classical field equation that appears to relax the condition of conformal invariance usually taken to define classical string backgrounds.Comment: 38 pages, 4 figures, phyzzx and BoxedEPS include

    Double Field Theory, T-Duality, and Courant Brackets

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    These lecture notes are based on three lectures, each ninety minutes long, given by the author at the "International School on Strings and Fundamental Physics" which took place in Garching/Munich from July 25 to August 6, 2010. These lectures, aimed at graduate students, require only a basic knowledge of string theory and give a simple introduction to double field theory. These notes were prepared by Marco Baumgartl and Nicolas Moeller.Comment: 25 page

    Interpolating String Field Theories

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    A minimal area problem imposing different length conditions on open and closed curves is shown to define a one parameter family of covariant open-closed quantum string field theories. These interpolate from a recently proposed factorizable open-closed theory up to an extended version of Witten's open string field theory capable of incorporating on shell closed strings. The string diagrams of the latter define a new decomposition of the moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces with punctures and boundaries based on quadratic differentials with both first order and second order poles.Comment: 12 pages, 7 figures (not included

    A Solvable Toy Model for Tachyon Condensation in String Field Theory

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    The lump solution of \phi^3 field theory provides a toy model for unstable D-branes of bosonic string theory. The field theory living on this lump is itself a cubic field theory involving a tachyon, two additional scalar fields, and a scalar field continuum. Its action can be written explicitly because the fluctuation spectrum of the lump turns out to be governed by a solvable Schroedinger equation; the \ell=3 case of a series of reflectionless potentials. We study the multiscalar tachyon potential both exactly and in the level expansion, obtaining insight into issues of convergence, branches of the solution space, and the mechanism for removal of states after condensation. In particular we find an interpretation for the puzzling finite domain of definition of string field marginal parameters.Comment: 27 pages, 6 figures, LaTeX. Added references to reflectionless potentials, minor typos correcte

    Effective Tachyonic Potential in Closed String Field Theory

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    We calculate the effective tachyonic potential in closed string field theory up to the quartic term in the tree approximation. This involves an elementary four-tachyon vertex and a sum over the infinite number of Feynman graphs with an intermediate massive state. We show that both the elementary term and the sum can be evaluated as integrals of some measure over different regions in the moduli space of four-punctured spheres. We show that both elementary and effective coupling give negative contributions to the quartic term in the tachyon potential. Numerical calculations show that the fourth order term is big enough to destroy a local minimum which exists in the third order approximation.Comment: 41 pages, LaTeX + psfig macro package, 15 uuencoded tar-compressed postscript figures include

    A Note on Gauge Transformations in Batalin-Vilkovisky Theory

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    We give a generally covariant description, in the sense of symplectic geometry, of gauge transformations in Batalin-Vilkovisky quantization. Gauge transformations exist not only at the classical level, but also at the quantum level, where they leave the action-weighted measure dÎĽS=dÎĽe2S/â„Źd\mu_S = d\mu e^{2S/\hbar} invariant. The quantum gauge transformations and their Lie algebra are â„Ź\hbar-deformations of the classical gauge transformation and their Lie algebra. The corresponding Lie brackets [,]q[ , ]^q, and [,]c[ , ]^c, are constructed in terms of the symplectic structure and the measure dÎĽSd\mu_S. We discuss closed string field theory as an application.Comment: 10 pages, phyzzx.tex, MIT-CTP-224

    Non-perturbative de Sitter vacua via α′\alpha' corrections

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    The higher-derivative α′\alpha' corrections consistent with O(d,d)O(d,d) duality invariance can be completely classified for cosmological, purely time-dependent backgrounds. This result is used to show that there are duality invariant theories featuring string-frame de Sitter vacua as solutions that are non-perturbative in α′\alpha', thus suggesting that classical string theory may realize de Sitter solutions in an unexpected fashion.Comment: 7 pages, Second Prize Essay for the Gravity Research Foundation 2019 Awards for Essays on Gravitatio
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