6,328 research outputs found

    Gridless Two-dimensional DOA Estimation With L-shaped Array Based on the Cross-covariance Matrix

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    The atomic norm minimization (ANM) has been successfully incorporated into the two-dimensional (2-D) direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation problem for super-resolution. However, its computational workload might be unaffordable when the number of snapshots is large. In this paper, we propose two gridless methods for 2-D DOA estimation with L-shaped array based on the atomic norm to improve the computational efficiency. Firstly, by exploiting the cross-covariance matrix an ANM-based model has been proposed. We then prove that this model can be efficiently solved as a semi-definite programming (SDP). Secondly, a modified model has been presented to improve the estimation accuracy. It is shown that our proposed methods can be applied to both uniform and sparse L-shaped arrays and do not require any knowledge of the number of sources. Furthermore, since our methods greatly reduce the model size as compared to the conventional ANM method, and thus are much more efficient. Simulations results are provided to demonstrate the advantage of our methods

    Performance Analysis over Correlated/Independent Fisher-Snedecor F Fading Multi-User Channels

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    In this paper, we investigate the impact of correlated fading on the performance of wireless multiple access channels (MAC) in the presence and absence of side information (SI) at transmitters, where the fading coefficients are modeled according to the Fisher-Snedecor F distribution. Specifically, we represent two scenarios: (i) clean MAC (i.e, without SI at transmitters), (ii) doubly dirty MAC (i.e., with the non-causally known SI at transmitters). For both system models, we derive the closedform expressions of the outage probability (OP) as well as the average capacity (AC) under independent fading conditions. Besides, exploiting copula theory, we obtain the exact analytical expressions for the OP and the AC under positive dependence fading conditions in both considered models. Finally, the validity of the analytical results is illustrated numerically

    The long-lasting optical afterglow plateau of short burst GRB 130912A

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    The short burst GRB 130912A was detected by Swift, Fermi satellites and several ground-based optical telescopes. Its X-ray light curve decayed with time normally. The optical emission, however, displayed a long term plateau, which is the longest one in current short GRB observations. In this work we examine the physical origin of the X-ray and optical emission of this peculiar event. We find that the canonical forward shock afterglow emission model can account for the X-ray and optical data self-consistently and the energy injection model that has been widely adopted to interpret the shallowly-decaying afterglow emission is not needed. We also find that the burst was born in a very-low density interstellar medium, consistent with the compact object merger model. Significant fractions of the energy of the forward shock have been given to accelerate the non-thermal electrons and amplify the magnetic fields (i.e., ϵe0.37\epsilon_{\rm e}\sim 0.37 and ϵB0.16\epsilon_{\rm B}\sim 0.16, respectively), which are much larger than those inferred in most short burst afterglow modeling and can explain why the long-lasting optical afterglow plateau is rare in short GRBs.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figure