122,516 research outputs found

    Large Momenta Fluctuations Of Charm Quarks In The Quark-Gluon Plasma

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    We show that large fluctuations of D mesons kinetic energy (or momentum) distributions might be a signature of a phase transition to the quark gluon plasma (QGP). In particular, a jump in the variance of the momenta or kinetic energy, as a function of a control parameter (temperature or Fermi energy at finite baryon densities) might be a signature for a first order phase transition to the QGP. This behaviour is completely consistent with the order parameter defined for a system of interacting quarks at zero temperature and finite baryon densities which shows a jump in correspondance to a first order phase transition to the QGP. The J/ΨJ/\Psi shows exactly the same behavior of the order parameter and of the variance of the D mesons. We discuss implications for relativistic heavy ion collisions within the framework of a transport model and possible hints for experimental data.Comment: 4 pages 3 figure

    Strongly interacting bosons in a disordered optical lattice

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    Disorder, prevalent in nature, is intimately involved in such spectacular effects as the fractional quantum Hall effect and vortex pinning in type-II superconductors. Understanding the role of disorder is therefore of fundamental interest to materials research and condensed matter physics. Universal behavior, such as Anderson localization, in disordered non-interacting systems is well understood. But, the effects of disorder combined with strong interactions remains an outstanding challenge to theory. Here, we experimentally probe a paradigm for disordered, strongly-correlated bosonic systems-the disordered Bose-Hubbard (DBH) model-using a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of ultra-cold atoms trapped in a completely characterized disordered optical lattice. We determine that disorder suppresses condensate fraction for superfluid (SF) or coexisting SF and Mott insulator (MI) phases by independently varying the disorder strength and the ratio of tunneling to interaction energy. In the future, these results can constrain theories of the DBH model and be extended to study disorder for strongly-correlated fermionic particles.Comment: 15 pages, 4 figures updated to correct errors in referencing previous wor

    Hardcore bosons on checkerboard lattices near half filling: geometric frustration, vanishing charge order and fractional phase

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    We study a spinless hardcore boson model on checkerboard lattices by Green function Monte Carlo method. At half filling, the ground state energy is obtained up to 28×2828\times 28 lattice and extrapolated to infinite size, the staggered pseudospin magnetization is found to vanish in the thermodynamic limit. Thus the (π,π)(\pi,\pi) charge order is absent in this system. Away from half filling, two defects induced by each hole (particle) may carry fractional charge (±e/2\pm e/2). For one hole case, we study how the defect-defect correlation changes with t/Jt/J, which is the ratio between the hopping integral and cyclic exchange, equals to V/2tV/2t when VtV\gg t. Moreover, we argue that these fractional defects may propagate independently when the concentration of holes (or defects) is large enough