65,268 research outputs found

    Privacy-preserving Cross-domain Routing Optimization -- A Cryptographic Approach

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    Today's large-scale enterprise networks, data center networks, and wide area networks can be decomposed into multiple administrative or geographical domains. Domains may be owned by different administrative units or organizations. Hence protecting domain information is an important concern. Existing general-purpose Secure Multi-Party Computation (SMPC) methods that preserves privacy for domains are extremely slow for cross-domain routing problems. In this paper we present PYCRO, a cryptographic protocol specifically designed for privacy-preserving cross-domain routing optimization in Software Defined Networking (SDN) environments. PYCRO provides two fundamental routing functions, policy-compliant shortest path computing and bandwidth allocation, while ensuring strong protection for the private information of domains. We rigorously prove the privacy guarantee of our protocol. We have implemented a prototype system that runs PYCRO on servers in a campus network. Experimental results using real ISP network topologies show that PYCRO is very efficient in computation and communication costs

    Bright-dark mixed NN-soliton solutions of the multi-component Mel'nikov system

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    By virtue of the KP hierarchy reduction technique, we construct the general bright-dark mixed NN-soliton solution to the multi-component Mel'nikov system comprised of multiple (say MM) short-wave components and one long-wave component with all possible combinations of nonlinearities including all-positive, all-negative and mixed types. Firstly, the two-bright-one-dark (2-b-1-d) and one-bright-two-dark (1-b-2-d) mixed NN-soliton solutions in short-wave components of the three-component Mel'nikov system are derived in detail. Then we extend our analysis to the MM-component Mel'nikov system to obtain its general mixed NN-soliton solution. The formula obtained unifies the all-bright, all-dark and bright-dark mixed NN-soliton solutions. For the collision of two solitons, the asymptotic analysis shows that for a MM-component Mel'nikov system with M≥3M \geq 3, inelastic collision takes place, resulting in energy exchange among the short-wave components supporting bright solitons only if the bright solitons appear at least in two short-wave components. Whereas, the dark solitons in the short-wave components and the bright solitons in the long-wave component always undergo elastic collision which just accompanied by a position shift.Comment: arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:1706.0549
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