530 research outputs found

    The single degenerate channel for the progenitors of type Ia supernovae

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    We have carried out a detailed study of one of the most popular evolutionary channels for the production of Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) progenitors, the semi-degenerate channel (CO+MS), where a carbon/oxygen (CO) white dwarf (WD) accretes matter from an unevolved or slightly evolved non-degenerate star until it reaches the Chandrasekhar mass limit. Employing Eggleton's stellar evolution code and adopting the prescription of Hachisu et al. (1999) for the accretion efficiency, we have carried out full binary evolution calculations for about 2300 close WD binary systems and mapped out the initial parameters in the orbital period -- secondary mass (PP--M2M_2) plane (for a range of WD masses) which lead to a successful Type Ia supernova. We obtained accurate, analytical fitting formulae to describe this parameter range which can be used for binary population synthesis (BPS) studies. The contours in the PP--M2M_2 plane differ from those obtained by Hachisu et al. (1999) for low-mass CO WDs, which are more common than massive CO WDs. We show that white dwarfs with a mass as low as 0.67M0.67M_\odot can accrete efficiently and reach the Chandrasekhar limit. We have implemented these results in a BPS study to obtain the birthrates for SNe Ia and the evolution of birthrates with time of SNe Ia for both a constant star formation rate and a single star burst. The birthrates are somewhat lower than (but comparable to) those inferred observationally.Comment: 10 pages, 14 figures, submitted to MNRA

    The helium star donor channel for the progenitors of type Ia supernovae and their surviving companion stars

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    The nature of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) is still unclear. Employing Eggleton's stellar evolution code with the optically thick wind assumption, we systematically studied the He star donor channel of SNe Ia, in which a carbon-oxygen white dwarf accretes material from a He main-sequence star or a He subgiant to increase its mass to the Chandrasekhar mass. We mapped out the initial parameters for producing SNe Ia in the orbital period--secondary mass plane for various WD masses from this channel. According to a detailed binary population synthesis approach, we find that this channel can produce SNe Ia with short delay times (~100Myr) implied by recent observations. We obtained many properties of the surviving companions of this channel after SN explosion, which can be verified by future observations. We also find that the surviving companions from the SN explosion scenario have a high spatial velocity (>400km/s), which could be an alternative origin for hypervelocity stars (HVSs), especially for HVSs such as US 708.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures, to appear in the proceedings of the conference "Binary Star Evolution: Mass Loss, Accretion, and Mergers" at Mykonos, Greece, June 22-25, 201