52 research outputs found

    Model for an optically thick torus in local thermodynamic equilibrium around a black hole

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    We propose a simple model for an optically thick radiative torus in local thermodynamic equilibrium around a Kerr black hole. The hydrodynamics structure, which is not affected by the radiation field, is the same as for the so--called polish doughnuts. Under the assumption of isentropic fluid and polytropic equation of state, a simple stationary and axisymmetric solution to the relativistic radiation hydrodynamics equations is possible, for which the temperature of the torus scales like the specific enthalpy. The astrophysical relevance of the model is briefly discussed.Comment: With updated bibliographyc informatio

    Oscillations of relativistic axisymmetric tori and implications for modelling kHz-QPOs in neutron-star X-ray binaries

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    We perform a global linear perturbative analysis, and investigate the oscillation properties of relativistic, non-selfgravitating tori orbiting around neutron stars in the slow rotation limit approximation. Extending the work done in Schwarzschild and Kerr backgrounds, we consider the axisymmetric oscillations of vertically integrated tori in the Hartle-Thorne spacetime. The equilibrium models are constructed by selecting a number of different non-Keplerian distributions of specific angular momentum, allowing for disc sizes L0.5600L \sim 0.5 - 600 gravitational radii. Our results, obtained after solving a global eigenvalue problem to compute the xisymmetric pp-modes, indicate that such oscillation modes could account with most observed lower (νL\nu_L) and upper (νU\nu_U) high frequency quasi-periodic oscillations for Sco X-1, and for some Z sources and Atoll sources with νL gtrsim500\nu_L\ gtrsim 500 Hz. However, when νL500\nu_L \lesssim 500 Hz, pp-modes oscillations do not account for the linear relation νU=AνL+B\nu_U = A \nu_L + B, B0B \neq 0 between the upper and the lower high frequency quasi-periodic oscillations that are observed in neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figures, matches accepted version for publication in MNRA