9,823 research outputs found

    Nuclear mass predictions based on Bayesian neural network approach with pairing and shell effects

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    Bayesian neural network (BNN) approach is employed to improve the nuclear mass predictions of various models. It is found that the noise error in the likelihood function plays an important role in the predictive performance of the BNN approach. By including a distribution for the noise error, an appropriate value can be found automatically in the sampling process, which optimizes the nuclear mass predictions. Furthermore, two quantities related to nuclear pairing and shell effects are added to the input layer in addition to the proton and mass numbers. As a result, the theoretical accuracies are significantly improved not only for nuclear masses but also for single-nucleon separation energies. Due to the inclusion of the shell effect, in the unknown region, the BNN approach predicts a similar shell-correction structure to that in the known region, e.g., the predictions of underestimation of nuclear mass around the magic numbers in the relativistic mean-field model. This manifests that better predictive performance can be achieved if more physical features are included in the BNN approach.Comment: 15 pages, 4 figures, and 3 table

    Self-consistent relativistic quasiparticle random-phase approximation and its applications to charge-exchange excitations and β\beta-decay half-lives

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    The self-consistent quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA) approach is formulated in the canonical single-nucleon basis of the relativistic Hatree-Fock-Bogoliubov (RHFB) theory. This approach is applied to study the isobaric analog states (IAS) and Gamov-Teller resonances (GTR) by taking Sn isotopes as examples. It is found that self-consistent treatment of the particle-particle residual interaction is essential to concentrate the IAS in a single peak for open-shell nuclei and the Coulomb exchange term is very important to predict the IAS energies. For the GTR, the isovector pairing can increase the calculated GTR energy, while the isoscalar pairing has an important influence on the low-lying tail of the GT transition. Furthermore, the QRPA approach is employed to predict nuclear β\beta-decay half-lives. With an isospin-dependent pairing interaction in the isoscalar channel, the RHFB+QRPA approach almost completely reproduces the experimental β\beta-decay half-lives for nuclei up to the Sn isotopes with half-lives smaller than one second. Large discrepancies are found for the Ni, Zn, and Ge isotopes with neutron number smaller than 5050, as well as the Sn isotopes with neutron number smaller than 8282. The potential reasons for these discrepancies are discussed in detail.Comment: 34 pages, 14 figure

    Nuclear β+\beta^+/EC decays in covariant density functional theory and the impact of isoscalar proton-neutron pairing

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    Self-consistent proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation based on the spherical nonlinear point-coupling relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory is established and used to investigate the β+\beta^+/EC-decay half-lives of neutron-deficient Ar, Ca, Ti, Fe, Ni, Zn, Cd, and Sn isotopes. The isoscalar proton-neutron pairing is found to play an important role in reducing the decay half-lives, which is consistent with the same mechanism in the β\beta decays of neutron-rich nuclei. The experimental β+\beta^+/EC-decay half-lives can be well reproduced by a universal isoscalar proton-neutron pairing strength.Comment: 12 pages, 4 figure

    β\beta-decay half-lives of neutron-rich nuclei and matter flow in the rr-process

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    The β\beta-decay half-lives of neutron-rich nuclei with 20Z5020 \leqslant Z \leqslant 50 are systematically investigated using the newly developed fully self-consistent proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA), based on the spherical relativistic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (RHFB) framework. Available data are reproduced by including an isospin-dependent proton-neutron pairing interaction in the isoscalar channel of the RHFB+QRPA model. With the calculated β\beta-decay half-lives of neutron-rich nuclei a remarkable speeding up of rr-matter flow is predicted. This leads to enhanced rr-process abundances of elements with A140A \gtrsim 140, an important result for the understanding of the origin of heavy elements in the universe.Comment: 14 pages, 4 figure

    Reexamining the temperature and neutron density conditions for r-process nucleosynthesis with augmented nuclear mass models

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    We explore the effects of nuclear masses on the temperature and neutron density conditions required for r-process nucleosynthesis using four nuclear mass models augmented by the latest atomic mass evaluation. For each model we derive the conditions for producing the observed abundance peaks at mass numbers A ~ 80, 130, and 195 under the waiting-point approximation and further determine the sets of conditions that can best reproduce the r-process abundance patterns (r-patterns) inferred for the solar system and observed in metal-poor stars of the Milky Way halo. In broad agreement with previous studies, we find that (1) the conditions for producing abundance peaks at A ~ 80 and 195 tend to be very different, which suggests that, at least for some nuclear mass models, these two peaks are not produced simultaneously; (2) the typical conditions required by the critical waiting-point (CWP) nuclei with the N = 126 closed neutron shell overlap significantly with those required by the N=82 CWP nuclei, which enables coproduction of abundance peaks at A ~ 130 and 195 in accordance with observations of many metal-poor stars; and (3) the typical conditions required by the N = 82 CWP nuclei can reproduce the r-pattern observed in the metal-poor star HD 122563, which differs greatly from the solar r-pattern. We also examine how nuclear mass uncertainties affect the conditions required for the r-process and identify some key nuclei including76Ni to 78Ni, 82Zn, 131Cd, and 132Cd for precise mass measurements at rare-isotope beam facilities.Comment: 28 pages,9 figures,1 tabl