1,773 research outputs found

    A time series model of CDS sequences in complete genome

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    A time series model of CDS sequences in complete genome is proposed. A map of DNA sequence to integer sequence is given. The correlation dimensions and Hurst exponents of CDS sequences in complete genome of bacteria are calculated. Using the average of correlation dimensions, some interesting results are obtained.Comment: 11 pages with 4 figures and one table, Chaos, Solitons and Fractals (2000)(to appear

    Fractal and multifractal properties of a family of fractal networks

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    In this work, we study the fractal and multifractal properties of a family of fractal networks introduced by Gallos {\it et al.} ({\it Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.}, 2007, {\bf 104}: 7746). In this fractal network model, there is a parameter ee which is between 00 and 11, and allows for tuning the level of fractality in the network. Here we examine the multifractal behavior of these networks, dependence relationship of fractal dimension and the multifractal parameters on the parameter ee. First, we find that the empirical fractal dimensions of these networks obtained by our program coincide with the theoretical formula given by Song {\it et al.} ( {\it Nat. Phys}, 2006, {\bf 2}: 275). Then from the shape of the τ(q)\tau(q) and D(q)D(q) curves, we find the existence of multifractality in these networks. Last, we find that there exists a linear relationship between the average information dimension and the parameter ee.Comment: 12 pages, 7 figures, accepted by J. Stat. Mec

    Determination of multifractal dimensions of complex networks by means of the sandbox algorithm

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    Complex networks have attracted much attention in diverse areas of science and technology. Multifractal analysis (MFA) is a useful way to systematically describe the spatial heterogeneity of both theoretical and experimental fractal patterns. In this paper, we employ the sandbox (SB) algorithm proposed by T\'{e}l et al. (Physica A, 159 (1989) 155-166), for MFA of complex networks. First we compare the SB algorithm with two existing algorithms of MFA for complex networks: the compact-box-burning (CBB) algorithm proposed by Furuya and Yakubo (Phys. Rev. E, 84 (2011) 036118), and the improved box-counting (BC) algorithm proposed by Li et al. (J. Stat. Mech.: Theor. Exp., 2014 (2014) P02020) by calculating the mass exponents tau(q) of some deterministic model networks. We make a detailed comparison between the numerical and theoretical results of these model networks. The comparison results show that the SB algorithm is the most effective and feasible algorithm to calculate the mass exponents tau(q) and to explore the multifractal behavior of complex networks. Then we apply the SB algorithm to study the multifractal property of some classic model networks, such as scale-free networks, small-world networks, and random networks. Our results show that multifractality exists in scale-free networks, that of small-world networks is not obvious, and it almost does not exist in random networks.Comment: 17 pages, 2 table, 10 figure

    Multifractal analysis of weighted networks by a modified sandbox algorithm

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    Complex networks have attracted growing attention in many fields. As a generalization of fractal analysis, multifractal analysis (MFA) is a useful way to systematically describe the spatial heterogeneity of both theoretical and experimental fractal patterns. Some algorithms for MFA of unweighted complex networks have been proposed in the past a few years, including the sandbox (SB) algorithm recently employed by our group. In this paper, a modified SB algorithm (we call it SBw algorithm) is proposed for MFA of weighted networks.First, we use the SBw algorithm to study the multifractal property of two families of weighted fractal networks (WFNs): "Sierpinski" WFNs and "Cantor dust" WFNs. We also discuss how the fractal dimension and generalized fractal dimensions change with the edge-weights of the WFN. From the comparison between the theoretical and numerical fractal dimensions of these networks, we can find that the proposed SBw algorithm is efficient and feasible for MFA of weighted networks. Then, we apply the SBw algorithm to study multifractal properties of some real weighted networks ---collaboration networks. It is found that the multifractality exists in these weighted networks, and is affected by their edge-weights.Comment: 15 pages, 6 figures. Accepted for publication by Scientific Report

    The subordinated processes controlled by a family of subordinators and corresponding Fokker-Planck type equations

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    In this work, we consider subordinated processes controlled by a family of subordinators which consist of a power function of time variable and a negative power function of α\alpha-stable random variable. The effect of parameters in the subordinators on the subordinated process is discussed. By suitable variable substitutions and Laplace transform technique, the corresponding fractional Fokker-Planck-type equations are derived. We also compute their mean square displacements in a free force field. By choosing suitable ranges of parameters, the resulting subordinated processes may be subdiffusive, normal diffusive or superdiffusive.Comment: 11 pages, accepted by J. Stat. Mech.: Theor. Ex

    One way to Characterize the compact structures of lattice protein model

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    On the study of protein folding, our understanding about the protein structures is limited. In this paper we find one way to characterize the compact structures of lattice protein model. A quantity called Partnum is given to each compact structure. The Partnum is compared with the concept Designability of protein structures emerged recently. It is shown that the highly designable structures have, on average, an atypical number of local degree of freedom. The statistical property of Partnum and its dependence on sequence length is also studied.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figure
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