93 research outputs found

    Polarization screening and induced carrier density at the interface of LaAlO3_3 overlayer on SrTiO3_3 (001)

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    We investigate the role of lattice polarization in determination of induced carrier density at the nn-type interface of LaAlO3_3 overlayer on SrTiO3_3 (001) by carrying out density-functional-theory calculations. When no oxygen vacancy or defect is present, the magnitude of polarization screening in the LaAlO3_3 layers is found to be correlated with the carrier charge induced at the interface. For the interfaces with a few LaAlO3_3 layers, the induced charge carrier is compensated by the electrostatic screening and consequently its density remains far less than 0.5 electrons per unit cell.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Electronic structure Fermi liquid theory of high Tc superconductors: Comparison of predictions with experiments

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    Predictions of local density functional (LDF) calculations of the electronic structure and transport properties of high T(sub c) superconductors are presented. As evidenced by the excellent agreement with both photoemission and positron annihilation experiments, a Fermi liquid nature of the 'normal' state of the high T(sub c) superconductors become clear for the metallic phase of these oxides. In addition, LDF predictions on the normal state transport properties are qualitatively in agreement with experiments on single crystals. It is emphasized that the signs of the Hall coefficients for the high T(sub c) superconductors are not consistent with the types of dopants (e.g., electron-doped or hole-doped) but are determined by the topology of the Fermi surfaces obtained from the LDF calculations

    Electronic structure Fermi liquid theory of high T(sub c) superconductors: Comparison with experiments

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    For years, there has been controversy on whether the normal state of the Cu-oxide superconductors is a Fermi liquid or some other exotic ground state. However, some experimentalists are clarifying the nature of the normal state of the high T(sub c) superconductors by surmounting the experimental difficulties in producing clean, well characterized surfaces so as to obtain meaningful high resolved photoemission data, which agrees with earlier positron-annihilation experiments. The experimental work on high resolution angle resolved photoemission by Campuzano et al. and positron-annihilation studies by Smedskjaer et al. has verified the calculated Fermi surfaces in YBa2Cu3O7 superconductors and has provided evidence for the validity of the energy band approach. Similar good agreement was found for Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 by Olson et al. As a Fermi liquid (metallic) nature of the normal state of the high T(sub c) superconductors becomes evident, these experimental observations have served to confirm the predictions of the local density functional calculations and hence the energy band approach as a valid natural starting point for further studies of their superconductivity

    First-principles study of ultrathin (2 \times 2) Gd nanowires encapsulated in carbon nanotubes

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    Using density functional calculations, we investigate the structural and magnetic properties of ultrathin Gd and Gd-carbide nanowires (NWs) encapsulated in narrow carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The equilibrium geometry of an encapsulated (2 \times 2) Gd-NW is markedly different from that of bulk Gd crystals. The charge-density analysis shows pronounced spin-dependent electron transfer in the encapsulated Gd-NW in comparison with that of Gd-carbide NWs. We conclude that Gd-CNT hybridization is primarily responsible for both the structural difference and electron transfer in the encapsulated Gd-NW.Comment: 18 pages, 6 figures. (JCP version: 7 pages and small figures

    Competition between structural distortion and magnetic moment formation in fullerene C20_{20}

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    We investigated the effect of on-site Coulomb interactions on the structural and magnetic ground state of the fullerene C20_{20} based on density-functional-theory calculations within the local density approximation plus on-site Coulomb corrections (LDA+UU). The total energies of the high symmetry (IhI_{h}) and distorted (D3dD_{3d}) structures of C20_{20} were calculated for different spin configurations. The ground state configurations were found to depend on the forms of exchange-correlation potentials and the on-site Coulomb interaction parameter UU, reflecting the subtle nature of the competition between Jahn-Teller distortion and magnetic instability in fullerene C20_{20}. While the non-magnetic state of the distorted D3dD_{3d} structure is robust for small UU, a magnetic ground state of the undistorted IhI_{h} structure emerges for UU larger than 4 eV when the LDA exchange-correlation potential is employed.Comment: 4 figures, 1 tabl

    Breakdown of half-metallic ferromagnetism in zinc-blende II-V compounds

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    We investigated the electronic and magnetic properties of a series of zinc-blend II-V compounds by carrying out density-functional-theory calculations including spin-orbit couplings. Contrary to the case of CaN and CaP, the half-metallic characteristics of the II-V compounds such as CaSb and CaBi were found to be destroyed. Our analysis of the valence band structures of CaAs, CaSb, and CaBi revealed a critical role of the spin-orbit coupling interactions on the exchange-split band structure, thereby leading to breakdown of the half-metallic ferromagnetism for the systems with heavier group V elements in the zinc-blend II-V compounds