18,396 research outputs found

    Final Words, Final Shots: Kurosawa, Bortko and the Conclusion of Dostoevsky???s Idiot

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    In their article "Final Words, Final Shots: Kurosawa, Bortko, and the Conclusion of Dostoevsky???s Idiot" Robert O. Efird and Saera Yoon discuss film adaptations of Dostoevsky???s novel. Both in his homeland and abroad, the major works of Fyodor Dostoevsky have largely made for disappointing film adaptations. This article examines the cultural diversity and aesthetic motivations underlying two very different adaptations of his novel Idiot, with particular attention to the concluding scenes. Both Akira Kurosawa and Vladimir Bortko follow the novelist's lead by hinting at some form of hope and future redemption amidst the tragedy but, for different reasons, they both fail to capture the rich ambiguity and creative ambivalence of Dostoevsky's final words. As the authors argue, the novelist's fluid dialogic aesthetic tends to disappear in visual adaptations, yet paradoxically thrives when released into new contexts less dependent on fidelity to his words. These two adaptations, despite their relative success, demonstrate the inherent difficulty of cinematizing the dynamics of Dostoevsky's art

    Rising Anti-China Sentiment Supports South Korea's Alignment with the US

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    The US–South Korea summit in April 2023 showed South Korea's willingness to further align with the US amid increasing US-China tensions. Statistical analyses show that the increased anti-Chinese sentiment of recent years strongly correlates with public support for alignment with the US. These findings have implications regarding the popularity of the Yoon Suk Yeol administration's foreign policy. Polls such as Pew Global Attitudes data published in 2020 show that sentiment towards China has worsened since the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) incident of 2016 and COVID-19’s onset in 2020. Political orientation played a role in explaining varied attitudes towards China after the THAAD crisis; however, this role decreased after COVID-19's onset in early 2020. Analysis of a poll published by Sinophone Borderlands in 2022 shows there is a strong association between negative public attitudes towards China and increased alignment with the US. These trends affect the Yoon administration's foreign policy, which has signalled its further alignment with the US amid rising US-China tensions. In December 2022, South Korea announced a new Indo-Pacific strategy that marks a stronger alignment with the US. The emphasis is on a commitment to a rules-based international order, while not completely excluding China. Given the high levels of anti-Chinese sentiment, it is likely that the Yoon administration will experience increased public support for its foreign policy. As a liberal democracy that is increasingly signalling its desire to play a more active role in supporting a rules-based international order, South Korea offers a lot of room for collaboration with Germany and the EU. With its emphasis on "de-risking" relations with China on the rise, the EU can further benefit from collaboration with South Korea in the areas of trade, security, and technology

    IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT OF IMMIGRANT CHILDREN AS PORTRAYED IN MY NAME IS YOON AND YOON AND THE CHRISTMAS MITTEN

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    The topic of cultural differences in picture books can be used as a medium for school-age children to understand more about the condition of immigrant children in America. β€œThrough picture books about immigrants, nonimmigrant children can learn about the immigrant experience (Johnson and Smith, 1993) and be exposed to different cultures in the social studies classroom” (Lamme, Linda, et al., 2004: 123). This issue becomes very interesting to be analyzed because the readers will get more understanding on how immigrant children face several cultural differences in America, especially on how they develop their identity. The purpose of this study is to analyze the identity development of immigrant children in America as portrayed in Yoon character in the picture books by Helen Recorvits. As a Korean girl who moves to America, Yoon has to adapt and adjust with new different environment. The method of this study is descriptive qualitative based on the library research. This paper uses sociological approach to analyze the story of Yoon in the picture books. The result of this study shows that Yoon has experienced adjustment and acculturation during her adaptation to American culture. She has gradually undergone a change of identity, which is from a Korean girl to be an Asian-American.Β Keywords: picture books, immigrant children, adjustment, identity development

    Analisis Perbandingan Persepsi dalam Perumusan Kebijakan Luar Negeri antara Moon Jae In dan Yoon Suk Yeol terhadap Aliansi Pertahanan Korea Selatan – Amerika Serikat Tahun 2017-2022

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    This study compares the perceptions of foreign policy of the two South Korean leaders, Moon Jae In and Yoon Suk Yeol. The comparison of perceptions leads to the continuation of the defense alliance cooperation with the United States. The political transition is very visible in the two figures in building the progress of cooperation. Moon is known as a liberal-leaning political figure with a humanist style, so he is careful to establish two-way cooperation with the United States and North Korea to avoid threats to security stability in the region. Meanwhile, Yoon Suk Yeol is better known as a leader who represents conservatives as his political principle. Yoon is showing more aggressiveness to increase military strength with the United States in the face of North Korea's possession of nuclear weapons. This study uses the theory of Ole R. Holsti to understand the foreign policy perceptions of each figure which leads to output as foreign policy. There are three components to form a perception scheme in foreign policy, namely information, belief system, and perception. This study found that there are party interests and paradigm values in the belief system that have a strong influence in shaping the perceptions of Moon Jae In and Yoon Suk Yeol. This analysis also shows the contrast between regime shifts which show that both of them have a closed image and there is resistance to the continuation of policies in the previous regime so that the alliance cooperation with the United States experiences dynamics

    Concert of High School Composers' Works, February 26, 1983

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    This is the concert program of Concert of High School Composers' Works on Saturday, February 26, 1983 at 4:00 p.m., at the Concert Hall, 855 Commonwealth Avenue. Works performed were Ceremony by Roland Tec, We Satie Round by Adam Guettel, Something in 3/4 by Cynthia Spark, Quartet No. 2 by John Harnois, Suite in three movements by Emily Hewitt, Sonata by Matthew Collins, Three Songs of A. E. Housman by Michael Amory, String Quartet - Scherzo by Tallis Barker, Movement from a Trio by Anna Weesner, Prelude One (Appassionata) by Sean Jackson, and Chanson d'Elegance by S. Jackson. Digitization for Boston University Concert Programs was supported by the Boston University Humanities Library Endowed Fund

    \u3cem\u3eOil Money and the World Ecnomy\u3c/em\u3e. By Yoon S. Park

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    \u3cem\u3eOil Money and the World Ecnomy\u3c/em\u3e. By Yoon S. Park

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    μœ„μ•ˆλΆ€ μš΄λ™μ˜ μ „κ°œκ³Όμ •κ³Ό μ‹œλ―Όμ‚¬νšŒμ˜ μ—­ν• 

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    ν•™μœ„λ…Όλ¬Έ(석사) -- μ„œμšΈλŒ€ν•™κ΅λŒ€ν•™μ› : κ΅­μ œλŒ€ν•™μ› κ΅­μ œν•™κ³Ό(κ΅­μ œμ§€μ—­ν•™μ „κ³΅), 2023. 2. 박철희.Despite mutual benefits of cooperation, historical animosity remains as the prime obstacle for further cooperation between Korea and Japan. Amongst many historical problems, the comfort women issue remains as the center of contention where it lingers as the prime obstacle to the bilateral relationship. What is so special about the comfort women issue that it persists so long? Why are people overly sensitive about the issue? And why is especially difficult to reconcile the comfort women issue? This research finds the answer to the peculiarity of the comfort women controversy in the unique development of the comfort women activism in Korea and Japan. It finds the role of civic organization as the determining factor for such peculiarity. The main argument of this research is as follows. In Korea, comfort women issue was discovered and developed not by the Korean government, but by a strong civil group, the Korean Council for Justice and Remembrance for the Issues of Military Sexual Slavery by Japan (hence the Korean Council). This phenomenon has led to an over-representation of the Korean Council and mis-representation of the Korean government. The nationalistic discourse of the Korean Council has led nationalism to be the dominant voice in Korea, making comfort women issue as the symbolic representation of national suffering, while their unique redressive acts have further limited the Korean governments capacity to negotiate as it went beyond the state parameter. In Japan, the Korean Council and their unique redressive acts, especially their attempts for internationalization of the issue not only failed to institutionalize apologetic discourse within Japanese society, but was actively used by the right-wing civil society as a symbolic representation of national humiliation and defamation, institutionalizing right-wing mobilization. Especially with changes in political environs and rise of conservativism, their voices grew stronger, and their own redressive acts further limited the Japanese governments capacity for negotiation. These factors will be systematically analyzed through the concept of Putnams two-level game to highlight how these domestic ratifications influence foreign policy outcome.ν•œ. 일 ν˜‘λ ₯의 μƒν˜Έ 이읡에도 λΆˆκ΅¬ν•˜κ³ , 두 λ‚˜λΌκ°„ 역사적 μ λŒ€κ°μ€ 더 κΉŠμ€ ν˜‘λ ₯을 λ§‰λŠ” μ£Όμš” μž₯μ• λ¬Όλ‘œ 남아 μžˆλ‹€. λ§Žμ€ 역사적 λ¬Έμ œλ“€ 쀑, μœ„μ•ˆλΆ€ λ¬Έμ œλŠ” 특히 λ…ΌμŸμ˜ μ€‘μ‹¬μœΌλ‘œ 남아 μžˆλ‹€. μœ„μ•ˆλΆ€ λ¬Έμ œλŠ” κ·Έ μ–΄λ–€ λ¬Έμ œλ“€λ³΄λ‹€ 더 였래 μ§€μ†λ˜κ³  있고, μœ λ… 더 λ―Όκ°ν•˜λ‹€. λ³Έ μ—°κ΅¬λŠ” μ΄λŸ¬ν•œ μœ„μ•ˆλΆ€ 문제의 νŠΉμˆ˜μ„±μ— λŒ€ν•œ 해닡을 ν•œκ΅­κ³Ό 일본 μœ„μ•ˆλΆ€ μš΄λ™μ˜ λ…νŠΉν•œ μ „κ°œμ—μ„œ μ°Ύκ³  μ‹œλ―Όλ‹¨μ²΄μ˜ 역할을 κ²°μ •μš”μΈμœΌλ‘œ ꡬ뢄 μ§“λŠ”λ‹€. λ³Έ μ—°κ΅¬μ˜ μ£Όμš” 논점은 λ‹€μŒκ³Ό κ°™λ‹€. ν•œκ΅­μ—μ„œλŠ” μœ„μ•ˆλΆ€ λ¬Έμ œκ°€ ν•œκ΅­ μ •λΆ€κ°€ μ•„λ‹Œ κ°•λ ₯ν•œ μ‹œλ―Ό 단체인 μ •λŒ€ν˜‘μ— μ˜ν•΄ 발견되고 λ°œμ „λ˜μ—ˆλ‹€. 이 같은 ν˜„μƒμ€ μ •λŒ€ν˜‘μ˜ κ³Όμž‰λŒ€ν‘œμ™€ ν•œκ΅­ μ •λΆ€μ˜ 잘λͺ»λœ λŒ€ν‘œμ„±μ„ μ΄ˆλž˜ν–ˆλ‹€. μ •λŒ€ν˜‘μ˜ 민쑱주의적 담둠은 민쑱주의λ₯Ό ν•œκ΅­μ‚¬νšŒμ˜ 지배적인 λͺ©μ†Œλ¦¬λ‘œ μ΄λŒμ—ˆκ³ , μœ„μ•ˆλΆ€ λ¬Έμ œλŠ” 민쑱적 κ³ ν†΅μ˜ μƒμ§•μœΌλ‘œ λŒ€λ³€λ˜μ—ˆλ‹€. λ˜ν•œ κ·Έλ“€μ˜ λ‹€μ–‘ν•œ ν–‰μœ„ (redressive acts)λŠ” ν•œκ΅­ μ •λΆ€μ˜ ν˜‘μƒ λŠ₯λ ₯을 μ €ν•˜μ‹œμΌ°λ‹€. μΌλ³Έμ—μ„œλŠ” μœ„μ•ˆλΆ€ 문제의 κ΅­μ œν™” μ‹œλ„κ°€ 일본 μ‚¬νšŒ λ‚΄μ—μ„œ 사과 담둠을 μ œλ„ν™”ν•˜λŠ”λ° μ‹€νŒ¨ν–ˆμ„ 뿐만 μ•„λ‹ˆλΌ, μ—­μ„€μ μœΌλ‘œ 우읡 μ‹œλ―Όμ‚¬νšŒλ‘œ 인해 민쑱적 κ΅΄μš•κ³Ό κ΅­κ°€ λͺ…μ˜ˆν›Όμ†μœΌλ‘œ μΈμ‹λ˜κ³  적극적으둜 ν™œμš©λ˜μ—ˆλ‹€. 우읡의 동원, 특히 μ •μΉ˜μ  ν™˜κ²½μ˜ 변화와 보수주의의 λŒ€λ‘λ‘œ μ΄λ“€μ˜ λͺ©μ†Œλ¦¬λŠ” λ”μš± κ±°μ„Έ 쑌고 μ΄λŸ¬ν•œ μš”μ†Œλ“€μ΄ 일본 μ •λΆ€μ˜ ν˜‘μƒ λŠ₯λ ₯을 μ œν•œν•˜λŠ” λ³€μˆ˜λ‘œ μž‘λ™λ˜μ—ˆλ‹€. λ³Έ μ—°κ΅¬λŠ” μ΄λŸ¬ν•œ μš”μ†Œλ“€μ„ ν‘ΈνŠΈλ‚¨ (Putnam)의 μ–‘λ©΄ κ²Œμž„ 이둠 (two-level game)을 톡해 μ²΄κ³„μ μœΌλ‘œ λΆ„μ„ν•˜μ—¬ μ΄λŸ¬ν•œ ν•œμΌ μ–‘κ΅­κ°„μ˜ μ‹œλ―Όμ‚¬νšŒ 역할이 외ꡐ정책 결과에 μ–΄λ–€ 영ν–₯을 λ―ΈμΉ˜λŠ”μ§€ μ‘°λͺ…ν•˜κ³ μž ν•œλ‹€. 즉 κ΅­λ‚΄ μ™Έκ΅μ˜ μ›μ²œμ΄ ꡭ제 ν˜‘μƒμ— μ–΄λ– ν•œ 영ν–₯을 λ―ΈμΉ˜λŠ”μ§€ λΆ„μ„ν•˜κ³ μž ν•œλ‹€.Abstract Chapter I. Introduction 1. 1. Background 1. 2. Literature review 3. 3. Alternative Approach 6. 4. Theoretical Framework (Putnams Two-Level Game) 7. 4.1. Logic of Win-set 8. 4.2. Determinants of Win-set 9. 4.3 Win-sets in international negotiations 11. Chapter II. Initial Development of Comfort Women Issue 13. 1. Early Publicization 13. 2. From Sympathy to Empathy and the Korean Council 15. 3. Initial Response from Japan 17. 4. Summary 20. Chapter III. Diverging Perception on Comfort Women Issue 21. 1. Asian Womens Fund: divison between Korea and Japan 21. 2. Weakening of Leftist coalition in Japan 25. 3. Summary 26. Chapter IV. Right-wing resurgence in Japan 27. 1. Right-wing resurgence in Japan 27. 1.1 Textbook controversy as a trigger for right-wing mobilization 27. 1.2 Changing East-Asian Dynamics 29. 1.3 Rise of Abe and LDP: consolidation of right-wing mobilization 30. 2. Role of Media 33. 2.1 declining legitimacy of left-wing media 33. 2.2 increased legitimacy of right-wing media 34. 2.3 diversification of media outlet and its impact 35. 3. Summary 36. Chapter V. Strenghtening of Nationalistic discourse in Korea 37. 1. Over-representation of the Korean Council 37. 2. The Korean Councils Strong Ethnic-Nationalism 38. 2.1. Intersectionality of feminism and nationalism 38. 2.2. Nationalism as a superior voice 41. 2.3 Crux of Korean Councils Nationalism 42. 3. The Korean Councils redressive acts 44. 3.1 Wednessday Demonstration and Statue Politics 45. 3.2 Spatiality of the redressive site 46. 3.3 Civilian Participation 47. 3.4. Accentuation of Nationalistic Memory 48. 3.5. Collective memory of the redressive acts 50. 3.6. Internationalization of redressive acts 51. 4. Korean Councils Monopoly of Justice and Logic of Exclusion 52. 4.1 Exclusion of different victims 53. 4.2 Exclusion of different literatures 55. 5. Role of Media 58. 6. Summary 59. Chapter VI. Comfort Women as a representation of history wars 62. 1. Internationalization of comfort women issue 62. 1.1 Phase I. Rights Revolution and Intervention from UN 62. 1.2 Phase II. The US House of Representative Resolution 121 64. 1.3 Phase III. Statue politics and history war 65. 2. Right-wing redressive acts 67. 2.1 International counter-redressive acts 67. 2.2 Diversification of redressive acts 68. 3. Summary 70. Chapter VI. Comfort Women Deals Two-Level Game 72. 1. Factor I. Distribution of Power, perferences, and possible coalition 72. 1.1 Internationalist/isolationist (Homogeniety VS Heterogeneity) 72. 1.2 Politicization of the issue 74. 2. Factor II. The Political Institutions. 75. 2.1 State Strength and State Autonomy 75. 2.2 Weak state power and Involuntary Defect 79. 3. Factor III. Negotiatiors Strategy 81. 4.. Summary 85. Chapter VII. Conclusion 87 Chapter VIII. Biliography 90 ꡭ문초둝 98석

    Metatheory and Friendly Competition in Theory Growth: The Case of Power Processes in Bargaining

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    [Excerpt] This paper analyzes the theoretical development taking place in a program of research on power processes in bargaining (see Bacharach and Lawler 1976, 1980, 1981a, 1981b; Lawler and Bacharach 1976, 1979, 1987; Lawler, Ford, and Blegen 1988; Lawler and Yoon 1990; Lawler 1986, 1992). The theoretical program takes as its starting point a situation where individuals, groups, organizations, or even societies with conflicting interests voluntarily enter into explicit bargaining. Explicit (as opposed to tacit) bargaining assumes the mutual acknowledgment of negotiations, conflicting issues along which compromise is possible, and open lines of communication through which parties can exchange offers and counteroffers in an attempt to resolve the issues that divide them (Schelling 1960; Bacharach and Lawler 1980; Boyle and Lawler 1991). The scope of this theoretical research program assumes further that the parties have a power capability, that they use this power tactically in an effort to achieve desired outcomes, and that they strive for a favorable position during the bargaining process

    D-brane width

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    Loop quantum gravity predicts that there are non-zero minimal area, and non-zero minimal volume in (3+1) dimensions. Given this, one can easily guess that one will have a non-zero minimal 9-volume in (9+1) dimensions. Therefore, in this paper, we argue that not only D9-brane but also Dp-brane for p less than 9 has a 9-volume. This idea is new, as the present view states that such a Dp-brane has p-volume but no 9 volume. To demonstrate this, first, we equate D8-brane action with D9-brane action and show that 9th direction which is perpendicular to D8-brane has non-zero width. We repeat this step for different ps; we equate Dp-brane action with Dp-1 brane action. By this iteration and induction we conclude that Dp-brane has non-zero widths for each of (9-p) directions perpendicular to the Dp-brane, and therefore, non-zero volume. When antisymmetric tensor and field strength are zero, this width is calculated to be 2 pi sqrt(alpha') for all (9-p) directions. For non-vanishing antisymmetric tensor and field strength, the width receives small corrections. In this paper, we only calculate up to the first order correction.Comment: 4 pages, no figures, argument based on loop quantum gravity adde
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